Clinical laboratory diagnosis of obstructive megaureter in children

Vyacheslav Nikolaevich Svekatun, Valeriy Aleksandrovich Dmitriakov, Olena Semenivna Lytvynenko

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/PPS.2020.06.04.001

Abstract


Introduction. Currently, there are more than 200 methods of surgical treatment of a megaureter, but none of the methods has achieved universal acceptance. Until now, the issues of differential diagnosis of organic and functional causes of ureteral dilatation in children under 3 years of age have not been sufficiently illuminated, there is no generally accepted algorithm for the management of patients with this pathology.
Relevance. The relevance of obstructive uropathies is evidenced by the fact that they occupy the third position in the list of the most common causes of chronic kidney disease in children, and account for 15% of cases. The prognosis of the outcome of obstructive uropathy is determined by the nature of the lesion and the degree of involvement in the pathological process of the kidneys, one of the main homeostatic and endocrine organs in humans. The degree of involvement of various markers in the development and progression of kidney damage in children is still insufficiently understood. All this prompts the search for screening, highly sensitive and specific methods for the diagnosis and prediction of nephrosclerotic changes in children against the background of urinary tract obstruction.
Objective: The study of the clinical and laboratory diagnostic methods, allowing to differentiate functional or organic urodynamic disorders, to determine the tactics of managing patients with obstructive uropathy.
Materials and methods. Since 2016, a study has been conducted of 174 children aged 0 to 18 years. 3 groups of children were identified: 1) with endoscopic treatment (main group); 2) treated with an open surgical method (control group); and 3) a group of children without urinary tract obstruction (reference group).
Results. In the course of the study, it was found that the most optimal values of serum cystatin C, close to the reference group (0.048-0.831 mg/ml) were obtained in children treated with endoscopic correction of the intramural ureter (0.217-0.798 mg/ml).
Conclusions. The tactics of endoscopic treatment of obstructive uropathies in children has advantages in terms of open surgical methods in technical simplicity, minimally invasiveness, maximum physiology, and a decrease in the frequency of postoperative complications. These theses are confirmed by the obtained results of the study of serum cystatin C as a marker of the state of renal filtration. It should be remembered that the effectiveness of endoscopic stenting of the lower ureter depends on the age of the child.

Keywords


obstructive megaureter; cystatin C; stenting; ureter; children

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References


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The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019. Zgodnie z Rozporządzeniem ministra nauki i szkolnictwa wyższego z dnia 22 lutego 2019 r. w sprawie ewaluacji jakości działalności naukowej (w szczególności art. 12 ust. 1 pkt 1 w zw. z art. 8 pkt 2), czasopismo Pedagogy and Psychology of Sport ewaluowane jest punktacją w wysokości 5 punktów. e-ISSN: 2450-6605 Numer DOI: 10.12775/PPS Indexing: Index Copernicus Master List https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/journal/issue?issueId=all&journalId=46499 DOAJ ERIH Plus Polska Bibliografia Naukowa PBN Akademicka Platforma Czasopism Naukowych Google Scholar BASE CrossRef WorldCat Arianta Baidu Scholar J-Gate JournalTOCs Microsoft Academic POL-index

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