The image of a city in selected theories of regional development

Agnieszka Stanowicka



Motivation: The image of the city is its non-physical resource which, if properly used, can become a factor in its development, attracting both capital and human resources of the city (e.g. tourists, investors, residents). According to the author, the municipality should create a model of the city’s development, which will define its desired state — the image which they will aim, stimulating its growth and development. In the construction of this model, and therefore the strategy of creating image of the city, it is advisable to identify the factors that determine this development. On the basis of economics, the theories of regional development deal with the identification and assessment of development factors.

Aim: Image as a non-physical and internal resource of the city, is part of the scope of endogenous theories. The aim of the article is to review and evaluate these in terms of consideration the image of the city.

Results: Theories of regional development are not mutually exclusive, each theory introduces other development factors to the analysis, not excluding the most often assumptions and factors exposed in other theories. The assessment of the city’s development potential (which results from the region’s development) should not come from the adopted theory of regional development, but on the basis of known theories the factors creating cities image should be identify to improve his development.


regional development; city development; image; identity

Full Text:



Boccella, N., & Salerno I. (2016). Creative economy, cultural industries and local development. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 223. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.370.

Boix, R. (2003). Networks of cities and growth: theory, network identification and measurement of the network externality. European Business Module Universita di Firenze, 13/14.

Bresnahan, T.F., & Trajtenberg, M. (1995). General purpose technologies: engines of growth? Journal of Econometrics, 65(1). doi:10.1016/0304-4076(94)01598-t.

Dawkins, C.J. (2003). Regional development theory: conceptual foundations, classic works, and recent developments. Journal of Planning Literature, 18(2). doi:10.1177/0885412203254706.

Duranton, G. (2015). Growing through cities in developing countries. The World Bank Research Observer, 30(1). doi:10.1093/wbro/lku006.

Emas, R. (2015). The concept of sustainable development: definition and defining principles. Brief for GSDR.

Isaksen, A., & Jakobsen, S. (2017). New path development between innovation systems and individual actors. European Planning Studies, 25(3). doi:10.1080/09654313.2016.1268570.

Kacar, B., Curic, J., & Ikic S. (2016). Local economic development in theories of regional economies and rural studies. Economics of Agriculture, 63(1). doi:10.5937/ekopolj1601231k.

Koroneos, C.J., & Rokos, D. (2012). Sustainable and integrated development: a critical analysis. Sustainbility, 4(1). doi:10.3390/su4010141.

Morgan, K. (1997). The learning region: institutions, innovation and regional renewal. Regional Studies, 31(5). doi:10.1080/00343409750132289.

Mulder, P., & van den Bergh, J. (2001). Evolutionary economic theories of sustainable development. Growth and Change, 32(1). doi:10.1111/0017-4815.00152.

Neirotti, P., De Marco, A., Cagliano, A.C., Mangano, G, & Scorrano, F. (2014). Current trends in smart city initiatives: some stylised facts. Cities, 38. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2013.12.010.

Pike, A., Rodríguez-Pose, A., & Tomaney, J. (2016). Shifting horizons in local and regional development. Regional Studies, 51(1). doi:10.1080/00343404.2016.1158802.

Porter, M.E. (1990). The competitive advantage of nations. New York: Free Press.

Radulovic, D., Pindzo, R., Radulovic S., & Vukovic, D. (2015). Region as a basic territorial unit of regional development. Economic Analysis, 48(3–4).

Reiljan, J. (2014). Regional development sustainability analysis concept. Discussions on Estonian Economic Policy: EU Member States After the Economic Crisis, 1. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2493019.

Reyes, G.E. (2001). Four main theories of development: modernization, dependency, word-system, and globalization. Nómadas. Critical Journal of Social and Juridical Sciences, 4(2).

Rogers, P., Jalal, K., & Boyd, J. (2008). Preface. In P. Rogers, K. Jalal, & J. Boyd (Eds.), An Introduction to Sustainable Development. London: Eartscan.

Sachs, J.D., & McCord, G. (2008). Geography of regional development. In S.N. Durlauf, & L.E. Blume (Eds.), The new Palgrave dictionary of economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sandu, S. (2012). Smart specialization concept and the status of its implementation in Romania. Procedia Economics and Finance, 3. doi:10.1016/s2212-5671(12)00146-3.

Stroper, M. (1997). The regional word: territorial development in a global economy. New York: The Guilford Press.

Sventas, K.Z. (2014). Strategic planning for regional development: an introductory textbook. Vilnius: Mykolas Romeris University.

Szajnowska-Wysocka, A. (2009). Theories of regional and local development: abridged review. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic series. 12(12). doi:10.2478/v10089-009-0005-2.

Tayfun, A. (2014). Cittaslow: a comparative research Turkey and the world. Conference of the International Journal of Arts & Sciences, 7(3).

Tödtling, F. (2011). Endogenous approaches to local and regional development policy. In A. Pike, A. Rodriquez-Poze, & J. Tomaney (Eds.). Handbook of local and regional development. New York: Routledge.

Tranter, P.J. (2010). Speed kills: the complex links between transport, lack of time and urban health. Journal of Urban Health, 87(2). doi:10.1007/s11524-009-9433-9.

Urteaga, E. (2011). The alternative theories of sustainable development. Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Espandes, 52.

Ustawa z dnia 10 czerwca 1994 r. o zamówieniach publicznych [Act of 10 June 1994 on public procurement] (Dz.U. 1994 nr 76 poz. 344) (Poland).

ISSN 1898-2255 (print)
ISSN 2392-1625 (online)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism