Environmentalists, Researchers and Bloggers in the CAP-Policy Networks

Katarzyna Kosior

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/cjps.2014.02.06


The article aims to examine the role of non-farm actors and environmental interest groups in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union (EU). It uses policy networks as an analytical tool to understand the structure, dynamics and outcomes of the EU’s agricultural decision-making processes. Both locations of actors in the CAP policy structures and interaction modes between actors are examined. Also, the role of networks in shaping the CAP’s reform decisions is assessed. The article shows that non-farm actors, and specifically environmentalists, researchers and other agents interested in major CAP reforms, have limited influence on final policy outcomes. At the same time though it has been found that non-farm actors play an increasingly important role in framing the CAP policy debate. They form active and vocal issue networks that impinge upon initial stages of the agenda setting phase in the policy cycle process. Also, the EU institutions become more and more dependent on non-farm actors’ expertise when it comes to policy evaluation. Although the pro-reform approach of these actors is clearly noticeable, it is still too small to bring more than incremental changes within the policy

Słowa kluczowe

policy networks; common agricultural policy; reforms

Pełny tekst:



A Common Agricultural Policy for European Public Goods: Declaration by a Group of Leading Agricultural Economists, Brussels 2009, www.reformthecap.eu, http://www.reformthecap.eu/posts/declaration-on-cap-reform-overview.

Adam S., Kriesi H., The Network Approach [in:] Theories of the Policy Process, P. Sabatier (ed.), Boulder 2007.

Borzel T.A., Organizing Babylon – On the Different Conceptions of Policy Networks, “Public Administration” 1998, No. 76(2).

Brady M., Hoggard S., Kaspersson E., Rabinowicz E., The CAP and Future Challenges, “European Policy Analysis” 2009, No. 1.

Buckwell A., Blom J., Commins P., Hervieu B., von Meyer H., Rabinowicz E., Sotte F., Sumpsi Vinas J.M., Towards a Common Agricultural and Rural Policy for Europe, Report of an Expert Group, European Commission 1997, www.ec.europa.eu, 1997, http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/publi/buck_en/index.htm.

Bureau J.C., Mahe L.P., CAP Reform beyond 2013: An Idea for a Longer View, Notre Europe, Paris 2008.

Commission Declaration on Delegated Acts on CAP Reform, 02/04/2014, www.ec.europa.eu, http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/newsroom/161_en.htm.

Cooper T., Hart K., Baldock D., Provision of Public Goods through Agriculture in the European Union, IEEP, London 2009.

Daugbjerg C., Reforming the CAP: Policy Networks and Broader Institutional Structures, “Journal of Common Market Studies” 1999, No. 37(3).

Greer A., Hind T., Inter-institutional Decision-making: The Case of the Common Agricultural Policy, “Politics and Society” 2012, No. 31(4).

Gorter H., Swinnen J., The Economic Polity of Farm Policy, “Journal of Agricultural Economics” 1994, No. 45(3).

Gorter H., Swinnen J., The Economic Polity of Farm Policy: Reply, “Journal of Agricultural Economics” 1995, No. 46(3).

Heard-Laureote K., The Commission’s Advisory Groups and Committees in the Field of Agricultural Policy, “Journal of European Integration” 2008, No. 4, Vol. 30.

Hennis M., Globalization and European Integration: the Changing Role of Farmers in the Common Agricultural Policy, Lanham–Boulder–New York–Toronto–Oxford 2005.

Heclo H., Wildavsky A., The Private Government of Public Money: Community and Policy Inside British Politics, London 1974.

Heclo H., Issue Networks and the Executive Establishment [in:] The New American Political System, A. King (ed.), Washington 1978.

Jones A., Clark J., The Modalities of European Union Governance. New Institutionalist Explanations of Agri-Environmental Policy, Oxford 2001.

Kosior K., Koncepcje reform Wspolnej Polityki Rolnej Unii Europejskiej po 2013 roku [Ideas for reforming the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy after 2013], “Gospodarka Narodowa” 2011, No. 5–6.

Moyano-Estrada E., Rueda-Catry C., COPA, COGECA and CPE: Three Pillars of Farm Interest Group Systems in Europe [in:] Surviving Global Change: Agricultural Interest Groups in Comparative Perspective, D. Halpin (ed.), Aldershot 2006.

Nello S.S., An Application of Public Choice Theory to the Question of CAP Reform, “European Review of Agricultural Economics” 1984, No. 11(3).

Lehmbruch G., The Intermediation of Interests in Agricultural Policy: Organized Interests and Policy Networks [in:] The Significance of Politics and Institutions for the Design and Formation of Agricultural Policies, K. Frohberg, P. Weingarten (eds.), Kiel 1999.

Lynggaard K., Nedergaard P., The Logic of Policy development: Lessons Learned from Reform and Routine within the CAP 1980–2003, “European Integration” 2009, No. 31(3).

Olson M., The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups, Cambrigde 1965.

Overview of CAP Reform 2014 –2020, European Commission, Agricultural Policy Perspectives Brief No. 5, www.ec.europa.eu, http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/policyperspectives/policy-briefs/05_en.pdf.

Pappi F.U., Henning Ch.H.C.A., The Organization of Influence on the EC’s Common Agricultural Policy: A Network Approach, “European Journal of Political Research”, No. 36(2).

Proposal for a new EU Common Agricultural Policy, BirdLife International, European Environmental Bureau, European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements- EU Group, WWF – World Wide Fund for Nature, www.cap2020.ieep.eu, http://cap2020.ieep.eu/vision/NGO-CAP-proposal.pdf.

Rhodes R.A.W., Marsh D., New Directions in the Study of Policy Networks, “European Journal of Political Research” 1992, No. 21.

Rhodes R.A.W., Policy Network Analysis [in:] The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy, M. Moran, M. Rein, R.E. Goodin (eds.), Oxford 2006.

Robertson C., Impact Assessment in the European Union, EIPASCOPE 2008/2.

Schmitter P.C., Lehmbruch G., Trends Toward Corporatist Intermediation, London 1979.

Schmitter P.C., Still the Century of Corporatism? [in:] Trends toward Corporatist Intermediation,P. Schmitter, G. Lehmbruch (eds.), London 1979.

Securing our Common Future through Environmentally Sustainable Land Management, The Land Use

Policy Group Vision for the Future of the CAP post 2013, 2009.

The Common Agricultural Policy after 2013. Public debate. Summary Report, European Commission, 2010, www.ec.europa.eu, http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/cappost-2013/debate/report/summary-report_en.pdf.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism