Effect of North Atlantic Oscillation on the hydrological conditions of Lake Morskie Oko (Carphatian Mountains)

Dariusz Wrzesiński, Adam Choiński, Mariusz Ptak

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/8734


The paper presents the effect of North Atlantic Oscillation of macroscale atmospheric circulation (NAO) on the hydrological conditions of Lake Morskie Oko located at an altitude of 1392.8 m a.s.l. in the highest range of the Carpathians. The paper applied detailed hydrometric information from the years 1971-2010 concerning water level fluctuations, water temperature, terms of the commencement and end of ice phenomena and ice cover, as well as meteorological data concerning air temperature and atmospheric precipitation, and monthly and seasonal NAO indices. The performed analysis suggests that the majority of analysed hydrological characteristics of Lake Morskie Oko was not prone to variability of NAO intensity in its various phases. The situation results from the local conditions, particularly responsible for the course of processes and phenomena in Lake Morskie Oko, simultaneously obscuring the effect of macroscale factors


NAO, high mountains lake, Poland

Full Text:



BEDNORZ E., 2002, Snow cover in western Poland and macro-scale circulation conditions. International Journal of Climatology, 22: 533–541

CHOIŃSKI A., PTAK M. STRZELCZAK A., 2013. Areal variation in ice cover thickness on lake Morskie Oko (Tatra Mountains), Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences 8, 3: 97-102

CHOIŃSKI A., PTAK M., STRZELCZAK A., 2015. Changeability of accumulated heat content in alpine-type lakes, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 24, 6: 2363-2369

DEGEFU F., SHAGERL M., 2015. Zooplankton abundance, species composition and ecology of tropical high-mountain crater Lake Wonchi, Ethiopia, Journal of Limnology, 74 2:324-334

GIRJATOWICZ J.P., 2011, Effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation on water temperature in southern Baltic coastal lakes, Ann. Limnol. Int. J. Limnol. 47, 1: 73-84

GÓRNIAK A., PIEKARSKI K., 2002, Seasonal and multiannual changes of water levels in lakes of Northeastern Poland, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 11, 4: 349-354

JUŚKIEWICZ W., MARSZELEWSKI W., TYLMANN W., 2015, Differentiation of the concentration of heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants in lake sediments depending on the catchment management (Lake Gopło case study). Bulletin of Geography. Physical Geography Series, 8: 71–80.

KEJNA M., ARAŹNY A., MASZEWSKI R., PRZYBYLAK R., USCKA-KOWALKOWSKA J., VIZ Z., 2009. Daily minimum and maximum air temperature in Poland in the years 1951–2005, Bulletin of Geography – physical geography series, 2: 35–56

KORBEE N.,CARRILLO P.,MATA M.T., ROSILLO S.,MEDINA-SÁNCHEZ J.M., FIGUEROA F.L., 2012. Effects of ultraviolet radiation and nutrients on the structure-function of phytoplankton in a high mountain lake. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, 11, 6:1087-1098

KOSOLAPOVA N.G., 2012. Patterns of the quantitative distribution of plankton heterotrophic flagellates in the high-mountain Lake Sevan (Armenia), Inland Water Biology, 5, 3: 250-256

MAHER O.A., UVO C.B., BENGTSSON L.,2005, Comparison between two extreme NAO winters and consequences on the thermal regime of Lake Vendyurskoe, Karelia, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 6, 5: 775-783

PRZYBYLAK R., WÓJCIK G., MARCINIAK K., 2003, Wpływ Oscylacji Północnoatlantyckiej oraz Arktycznej na warunki termiczne chłodnej pory roku w Polsce w XVI-XX wiekach. Przegląd Geofizyczny, 1–2: 61–74

RODRÍGUEZ-RODRÍGUEZ M.,MORENO-OSTOS E.,DE VICENTE I.,CRUZ-PIZARRO L.,RODRIGUES DA SILVA S.L. 2004, Thermal structure and energy budget in a small high mountain lake: La Caldera, Sierra Nevada, Spain, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 38,5:879-894

SANTOLARIA Z., ARRUEBO T., URIETA J.S.,LANAJA F.J., PARDO A., MATESANZ J., RODRIGUEZ-CASALS C., 2015. Hydrochemistry dynamics in remote mountain lakes and its relation to catchment and atmospheric features: the case study of Sabocos Tarn, Pyrenees, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22, 1: 231-247

SIZOVA L. N., KUIMOVA L. N., SHIMARAEV M. N., 2013. Influence of the atmospheric circulation on ice-thermal processes on Baikal during 1950–2010, Geography and Natural Resources, 34, 2: 158-165

SPEARS B.M., JONES I.D. 2010. The long-term (1979–2005) effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation on wind-induced wave mixing in Loch Leven (Scotland), Hydrobiologia, 646, 1: 49-59

TANAKA S., TOMINAGA H.,1994, Seasonal Changes in Water Temperature, pH, Dissolved Oxygen and Transparency in a Japanese High Mountain Lake, L. Mikuriga-ike, Japanese Journal of Limnology, 55, 1:61-65

TOMCZYK A.M. 2015, Impact of macro-scale circulation types on the occurrence of frosty days in Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Physical Geography Series, 9: 55–65

TOŠIĆ I., ZORN M., ORTAR J., UNKAŠEVIĆ M., GAVRILOV M.B., MARKOVIĆ S. B., 2016. Annual and seasonal variability of precipitation and temperatures in Slovenia from 1961 to 2011, Atmospheric Research, 168, 1: 220-223

WRZESIŃSKI D., CHOIŃSKI A., PTAK M., 2015 a. Effect of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the thermal characteristics of lakes in Poland, Acta Geophysica, 63, 3: 863–883

WRZESIŃSKI D., CHOIŃSKI A., PTAK M., SKOWRON R., 2015 b. Effect of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the Pattern of Lake Ice Phenology in Poland, Acta Geophysica, 63, 6: 1664-1684

ISSN 2080-7686 (print)
ISSN 2300-8490 (online)



Partnerzy platformy czasopism