Long-term water temperature fluctuations in coastal rivers (Southern Baltic) in Poland

Mariusz Ptak, Adam Choiński, Jan Kirviel

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/11379

Abstract


The paper presents water temperature fluctuations in coastal rivers (Rega, Parsęta, Słupia, Łupawa, Łeba) located in the area of Southern Baltic Sea in Poland. Based on the available detailed data on daily values of the analysed characteristic in the years 1971-2015, tendencies of changes in the period were determined. In all of the five cases, the mean annual temperature showed an increasing tendency. The value of water warming in particular rivers was approximate, and ranged from 0.26°C∙dec-1 to 0.31°C∙dec-1. At the monthly scale, the highest increase was recorded in April, and amounted to 0.46°C∙dec-1 on the average. Water temperature fluctuations were particularly determined by climatic changes, and strongly correlated with air temperature. Local factors characteristic for coastal rivers, i.e. presence of infrastructure of small water power plants and predominance of groundwater alimentation, had secondary effect on changes in the thermal regime of the analysed rivers.


Keywords


river, water temperature, climate warming, coastal, Baltic

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References


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