Polish National Cittaslow Network: assessment of cities’ membership in the network
KeywordsCittaslow network, effects of the membership, certification, recertification
Motivation: The Polish National Cittaslow Network associates 31 members and is the second most biggest national network of slow cities in the world. The network is developing very dynamically. Therefore, it is important to observe this relatively new and not fully recognized process of implementing the slow city model in Polish cities, and to assess the effects of cities’ membership in this network.
Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate effects of the membership of cities in the Polish National Cittaslow Network. The effects were assessed on the basis of a comparative analysis of the results of certification carried out before a city accessed the network with the results of recertification, carried out 5 years into its membership. A diagnostic survey method was also used in the study.
Results: The research shows that already in the first five years of the membership in the network, the cities have undertaken many activities to enhance their appeal as a tourist destination, promote local products and protect the historic and cultural heritage. The cities have completed many revitalisation projects. New tourist trails, bicycle paths and recreational areas have been created. Undoubted, the membership in the Cittaslow network has generated many benefits to the cities. This is reflected by the higher degree of the fulfilment of the certification criteria by all cities. This is also confirmed by the results of a diagnostic survey conducted among the mayors of member cities.
Baldemir, E., Kaya, F., & Sahin, T.K. (2013). A management strategy within sustainable city context: Cittaslow. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 99, 75–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.473.
Batyk, I., & Woźniak, M. (2019). Benefits of belonging to the Cittaslow network in the opinion of residents of member cities. Economic and Regional Studies, 12(1), 56–67. https://doi.org/10.2478/ers-2019-0006.
Cittaslow. (2017a). Cittaslow international charter. Retrieved 20.05.2020 from https://www.cittaslow.org/sites/default/files/content/page/files/257/nuovo_statuto_cittaslow_en_12.05.pdf.
Cittaslow. (2017b). Resolution No. 3/2017 of the Polish National Cittaslow Network dated 20 April 2017.
Cittaslow. (2020). Retrieved 14.04.2020 from http://www.cittaslow.org/sites/default/files/content/page/files/246/cittaslow_list_november_2019.pdf.
Farelnik, E., Stanowicka, A., & Wierzbicka, W. (2017). International cooperation between cities based on the example of the Cittaslow network. Olsztyn Economic Journal, 12(4), 415–425. https://doi.org/10.31648/oej.2842.
Gruszecka-Tieśluk, A. (2013). Sieć Cittaslow: strategią rozwoju małych miast w Polsce. Studia Ekonomiczne, 144(2), 383–393.
Grzelak-Kostulska, E., Hołowiecka, B., & Kwiatkowski, G. (2011). Cittaslow international network: an example of a globalization idea. In P. Mácha, & T. Drobík (Eds.), The scale of globalization: think globally, act locally, change individually in the 21st Century (pp. 186–192). University of Ostrava.
Knox, P. (2005). Creating ordinary places: slow cities in a fast world. Journal of Urban Design, 10(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1080/13574800500062221.
Lee, M., & Yhang, W. (2008). A study on the regional tourism development on the basis of the slow movement. DBpia, 11, 221–225.
Local Data Bank. (2020). Retrieved 27.04.2020 from http://swaid.stat.gov.pl/Dashboards/Portret%20terytorium.aspx.
Lowry, L.L., & Lee, M. (2016). Cittaslow, slow cities, slow food: searching for a model for the development of slow tourism. Travel & Tourism Research Association, Advancing Tourism Research Globally, 40, 1–14.
Mayer, H., & Knox, P. (2006). Slow cities: sustainable places in a fast world. Journal of Urban Affairs, 28(4), 321–334. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.2006.00298.x.
Mierzejewska, L. (2004). Przyrodnicze aspekty rozwoju zrównoważonego. Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu.
Ozmen, A., & Can, M.C. (2018). Cittaslow movement from a critical point of view. Planlama, 28(2), 91–101. https://doi.org/10.14744/planlama.2018.95967.
Pink, S. (2008). Sense and sustainability: the case of the slow city movement. Local Environment, 13(2), 95–106. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549830701581895.
Presenza, A., Abbate, T., & Perano, M. (2015). The Cittaslow certification and its effects on sustainable tourism governance. Enlightening Tourism: A Pathmaking Journal, 5(1), 40–64. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2827705.
Radstrom, S. (2011). A place sustaining framework for local urban identity: an introduction and history of Cittaslow. Italian Journal of Planning Practice, 1(1), 91–113.
Roma, G., Fioretti, C., Sampaolo, S., & Coletta, V. (2012). Cittaslow: from Italy to the world international network of cities where living is easy. FrancoAngeli.
Semmens, J., & Freeman, C. (2012). The value of Cittaslow as an approach to local sustainable development: a New Zealand perspective. International Planning Studies, 17(4), 353–375. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563475.2012.726851.
Skalski, K. (2013). Cittaslow: światowa sieć miast dobrego życia a turystyka kulturowa. In B. Krakowiak, A. Stasiak, & B. Włodarczyk (Eds.), Kultura i turystyka: miejsce spotkań. Regionalna Organizacja Turystyczna Województwa Łódzkiego.
Szczepańska, A., & Pietrzyk, K. (2018). Perspektywa rozwoju sieci miast Cittaslow w regionie Warmii i Mazur na przykładzie Morąga. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum, 17(3), 259–272. https://doi.org/10.31648/aspal.525.
Ugurlu, K., & Pajo A. (2019). A measure against unemployment problem expected to occur by industry 4.0: Cittaslow. Journal of Travel and Hotel Business, 16(1), 167–185. https://doi.org/10.24010/soid.538540.
Wierzbicka, W. (2020). Socio-economic potential of cities belonging to the Polish National Cittaslow Network. Oeconomia Copernicana, 11(1), 203–224. https://doi.org/10.24136/oc.2020.009.
Wierzbicka, W., Farelnik, E., & Stanowicka, A. (2019). The development of the Polish National Cittaslow Network. Olsztyn Economic Journal, 14(1), 113–125. https://doi.org/10.31648/oej.3672.
Zadęcka, E. (2018a). Cittaslow: the concept of the good life in a small town. Studia Ekonomiczne: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach, 348, 129–143.
Zadęcka, E. (2018b). Slow city as a local development model. Economic and Regional Studies, 11(30), 84–106. https://doi.org/10.2478/ers-2018-0027.
Zawadzka, A.K. (2017a). Making small towns visible in Europe: the case of Cittaslow network, the strategy based on sustainable development. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, Special Issue, 90–106. https://doi.org/10.24193/tras.SI2017.6.
Zawadzka, A.K. (2017b). Potencjalne implikacje społeczno-ekonomiczne akcesji do sieci Cittaslow w erze przyspieszenia. Biuletyn Komitetu Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania Kraju Polskiej Akademii Nauk, 266, 125–141.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Wioletta Wierzbicka
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Number of views and downloads: 104
Number of citations: 0