50 years of the Prague Spring: A measure of the impact of history on contemporary relations between Russia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Słowa kluczoweRussia, Czech Republic, Slovakia, the Prague Spring, sanctions
The 50th anniversary of the Prague Spring is marked in 2018. Today, the events of 1968 retain their significance for relations between Russia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The subject of the research is the impact of the events of the Prague Spring in 1968 on current relations between Russia and the countries of the former Czechoslovakia. The author analyzes in detail the key causes and consequences of the Prague Spring, as well as the current state of Russian-Czech and Russian-Slovak relations in conditions of anti-Russian sanctions.
Analyzing the role of the attitudes of modern Czechs and Slovaks to the events of 1968, the author concluded that for the citizens of the Czech Republic and Slovakia, they are more historical. Condemning the entry of Warsaw Pact troops into Prague, Russia closed this chapter in its relations with the countries of the former Czechoslovakia. At the same time, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, becoming separate countries, overcame the problems in their relations in the 20th century.
The article demonstrates that the deterioration of bilateral relations between Russia and the Czech Republic and Russia and Slovakia is due not to unsatisfied historical claims, but to the general cooling in relations between Russia and the EU and the policy of sanctions. Today, Prague and Bratislava are forced to balance between Brussels and Moscow, seeking to ensure their national interests, which for the Czech Republic and Slovakia are inextricably linked with both the European Union and Russia.
The novelty of the research lies in the study of relations between Russia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia through the prism of the evolution of their cultural and historical determinants. Thus, the author used the case study method and content analysis in his research. The theoretical basis of the research was the works of both Russian and foreign authors. The practical basis of the study was data from sociological surveys conducted in the Czech Republic and Slovakia in recent decades, as well as the evidence of eyewitnesses of the events of the Prague Spring.
Adamec, J. (2004). Between Socialist Friendship and National Indifference. Budapest: CEU.
Byl raschjot sprovocirovat' SSSR: pochemu «Prazhskaja vesna» zakonchilas' provalom. (2018, 15 Jan). RT. Retrieved from https://russian.rt.com/science/article/467315-prazhskaya-vesna-50-let
Chehi i slovaki vozmushheny rossijskim fil'mom o 1968 gode. (2018). BBC. Russkaja sluzhba. Retrieved from http://shhshhshh.bbc.com/russian/international/2015/06/150601_czechs_slovaks_russians_roshh_over_film
Chehi i Slovaki: neprostoj «brak» i tihij «razvod». (2018). Radio Praga. Russkaja Sluzhba. Retrieved from http://shhshhshh.radio.cz/ru/rubrika/progulki/chehi-i-slovaki-neprostoj-brak-i-tihij-razvod
Chekanova, A. (2013, 22 Aug). Zeman schitaet Dubcheka predatelem. Radio Praga. Russkaja Sluzhba. Retrieved from www.radio.cz/ru/rubrika/novosti/zeman-schitaet-dubcheka-predatelem--1
Dogovor o druzhestvennyh otnoshenijah i sotrudnichestve mezhdu Rossijskoj Federaciej i Cheshskoj Respublikoj [Treaty on friendly relations and cooperation between Russia and the Czech Republic]. 1993, Aug 26. In Bjulleten' mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov 7 (2005).
Groszkowski J., Iwański T., & Sadecki A. (2017). A neighbour discovered anew. The Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary’s relations with Ukraine. Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich im. Marka Karpia Centre for Eastern Studies. Warsaw.
Medvedev i Zeman obsudili stat'ju v "Krasnoj zvezde" o sobytijah 1968 goda. (2017, 22 Nov). RIA Novosti. Retrieved from https://ria.ru/politics/20171122/1509355595.html
Musatov, V. L. (2010). Rossiia v pautine globalizatsii. Moskva : Vostok-Zapad.
Názory na vztahy národov a národnosti ČSSR. – IVM: Závěrečná sprava z vyzkumu. – Pr., 1990. Č. 89/6. pp. 17-25.
Prečo majú Slováci radi Rusov napriek propagande. Napalete. (2016, 13 Oct). Retrieved from https://www.napalete.sk/preco-maju-slovaci-radi-rusov-napriek-propagande/
Robert Fico považuje Rusko za spoľahlivého partnera v oblasti energetiky. (2016, 25 Aug). Retrieved from http://strana-smer.sk/robert-fico-povazuje-rusko-za-spolahliveho-partnera-v-oblasti-energetiky
Rossija (SSSR) v vojnah vtoroj poloviny XX veka. (2002). Moscow: Triada-farm.
Stykalin, A. S. (2010). Prazhskaja vesna: problemy izuchenija. razmyshlenija po itogam konferencii. // Slavjanovedenie, 3, pp. 44-61.
Tamkin, E. (2017, 13 Oct). Why Americans Should (Maybe) Worry About Czech Elections. (Foreign Policy. Retrieved from http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/10/13/why-americans-should-maybe-worry-about-czech-elections/
Truhachev, V. V. (2017, 4 Dec). Chehija: raskol iz-za antirossijskih sankcij. RSMD. Retrieved from http://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/chekhiya-raskol-iz-za-antirossiyskikh-sanktsiy
Vybory prezidenta Chehii: udastsja li pobedit' Milosha Zemana? (2018, 11 Jan). Deutsche Welle. Retrieved from www.dw.com/ru/vybory-prezidenta-chehii-udastsja-li-pobedit'-milosha-zemana/a-42086106
Liczba wyświetleń i pobrań: 128
Liczba cytowań: 0