Nodal solutions for a nonhomogeneous elliptic equation with symmetry

Marcelo F. Furtado

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2007.004

Abstract


We consider the semilinear problem $-\Delta u + \lambda u =|u|^{p-2}u +
f(u)$ in $\Omega$, $u=0$ on $\partial \Omega$ where $\Omega \subset
{\mathbb R}^N$ is a bounded smooth domain, $2< p< 2^*=2N/(N-2)$ and $f(t)$
behaves like $t^{p-1-\varepsilon}$ at infinity. We show that if $\Omega$ is
invariant by a nontrivial orthogonal involution then, for $\lambda> 0$
sufficiently large, the equivariant topology of $\Omega$ is related with the
number of solutions which change sign exactly once. The results are proved by
using equivariant Lusternik-Schnirelmann theory.

Keywords


Nodal solutions; equivariant category; symmetry

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