Topologies on the group of Borel automorphisms of a standard Borel space

Sergey Bezuglyi, Anthony H. Dooley, Jan Kwiatkowski



The paper is devoted to the study of topologies on the group $\text{\rm Aut}(X,{\Cal
B})$ of all Borel automorphisms of a standard Borel space $(X, {\mathcal B})$.
Several topologies are introduced and all possible relations between them
are found. One of these topologies, $\tau$, is a direct analogue of the
uniform topology widely used in ergodic theory. We consider the most
natural subsets of $\text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$ and find their closures. In
particular, we describe closures of subsets formed by odometers, periodic,
aperiodic, incompressible, and smooth automorphisms with respect to the
defined topologies. It is proved that the set of periodic Borel
automorphisms is dense in $\text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$ (Rokhlin lemma) with respect to
$\tau$. It is shown that the $\tau$-closure of odometers (and of rank $1$
Borel automorphisms) coincides with the set of all aperiodic automorphisms.
For every aperiodic automorphism $T\in \text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$, the concept of a
Borel-Bratteli diagram is defined and studied. It is proved that every
aperiodic Borel automorphism $T$ is isomorphic to the Vershik
transformation acting on the space of infinite paths of an ordered
Borel-Bratteli diagram. Several applications of this result are given.


Standard Borel space; aperiodic and periodic automorphisms; odometer; Borel-Bratelli diagram

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