### Topologies on the group of Borel automorphisms of a standard Borel space

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2006.014

#### Abstract

The paper is devoted to the study of topologies on the group $\text{\rm Aut}(X,{\Cal

B})$ of all Borel automorphisms of a standard Borel space $(X, {\mathcal B})$.

Several topologies are introduced and all possible relations between them

are found. One of these topologies, $\tau$, is a direct analogue of the

uniform topology widely used in ergodic theory. We consider the most

natural subsets of $\text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$ and find their closures. In

particular, we describe closures of subsets formed by odometers, periodic,

aperiodic, incompressible, and smooth automorphisms with respect to the

defined topologies. It is proved that the set of periodic Borel

automorphisms is dense in $\text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$ (Rokhlin lemma) with respect to

$\tau$. It is shown that the $\tau$-closure of odometers (and of rank $1$

Borel automorphisms) coincides with the set of all aperiodic automorphisms.

For every aperiodic automorphism $T\in \text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$, the concept of a

Borel-Bratteli diagram is defined and studied. It is proved that every

aperiodic Borel automorphism $T$ is isomorphic to the Vershik

transformation acting on the space of infinite paths of an ordered

Borel-Bratteli diagram. Several applications of this result are given.

B})$ of all Borel automorphisms of a standard Borel space $(X, {\mathcal B})$.

Several topologies are introduced and all possible relations between them

are found. One of these topologies, $\tau$, is a direct analogue of the

uniform topology widely used in ergodic theory. We consider the most

natural subsets of $\text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$ and find their closures. In

particular, we describe closures of subsets formed by odometers, periodic,

aperiodic, incompressible, and smooth automorphisms with respect to the

defined topologies. It is proved that the set of periodic Borel

automorphisms is dense in $\text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$ (Rokhlin lemma) with respect to

$\tau$. It is shown that the $\tau$-closure of odometers (and of rank $1$

Borel automorphisms) coincides with the set of all aperiodic automorphisms.

For every aperiodic automorphism $T\in \text{\rm Aut}(X,{\mathcal B})$, the concept of a

Borel-Bratteli diagram is defined and studied. It is proved that every

aperiodic Borel automorphism $T$ is isomorphic to the Vershik

transformation acting on the space of infinite paths of an ordered

Borel-Bratteli diagram. Several applications of this result are given.

#### Keywords

Standard Borel space; aperiodic and periodic automorphisms; odometer; Borel-Bratelli diagram

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