Plausible reasoning for the problems of cognitive sociology

Victor K. Finn, Maria A. Mikheyenkova

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/LLP.2011.006

Abstract


The plausible reasoning class (called the JSM-reasoning in honour of John Stuart Mill) is described. It implements interaction of three forms of non-deductive procedures  induction, analogy and abduction. Empirical induction in the JSM-reasoning is the basis for generation of hypotheses on causal relations (determinants of social behaviour). Inference by analogy means that predictions about previously unknown properties of objects (individual’s behaviour) are inferred from causal relations. Abductive inference is performed to check on the explanatory adequacy of generated hypotheses. To recognize rationality of respondents’ opinion deductive inference is used. Plausible reasoning, semantics of argumentation logic and deductive recognition of opinion rationality represent logical tool for cognitive sociology problems.

Keywords


plausible reasoning; induction, analogy; abduction; knowledge discovery; reasoning about causality

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References


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