The discovery of the law of gravitation from the logical point of view

Wojciech Sady

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/LLP.2005.003

Abstract


Is there a logic of scientific discovery? Are there logical relations between the knowledge scientists posses as they start their investigations and new hypotheses and theories they formulate? Can such relations be retrospectively reconstructed?
Most philosophers of science in 20 th century claimed that processes of inventing new hypotheses or theories are not governed by any rules of logic.  They claimed that new hypotheses are products of “leaps of imagination” that cannot be logically analyzed.

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References


Hanson, N.R. (1958), Patterns of Discovery: An Inquiry into Conceptual Foundations of Science, Cambridge UP.

Hoyningen-Huene, P. (2001), “Die Systematizität der Wissenschaft”. In: Heike Franz, Werner Kogge, Torger M?ller, Torsten Wilholt (eds): Wissensgesellschaft. Transformationen im Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Alltag, Bielefeld 2001.

Popper, K.R. (1934), Logik der Forschung, Springer Verlag.

Popper, K.R. (1957), “The Aim of Science”. In: Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach, Oxford UP 1972.








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