Some aspects of site conditions of heathlands in the Toruń Basin

Michał Jankowski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/v10090-010-0008-x

Abstract


The aim of the paper is to characterize some aspects of site conditions in selected places with the occurrence of heather (Calluna vulgaris) within the certain area of the Toruń Basin affected by military activities. Relations of heathlands to the soil cover appear to focus on the position of heather in the ecological succession on presently developing, young sandy soils and regularities of the heather distribution in a mosaic with grasslands in isolated dune fields. Studies were performed at two sites: Stawki and Chorągiewka.

Heathlands of this area are connected with nutrient-poor and dry sandy habitats. In the ecological succession, which proceeds in places previously devoid of the vegetation cover and strongly deflated, they occur as a transitional type of vegetation, displacing plants of initial psammophilous community (Spergulo-Corynephoretum) and later giving place to pine forest. In the soil evolution, they are connected with the intermediate stage represented by arenosols (haplic arenosols) - weakly developed but sufficiently acid soils. On deforested, parallel dunes of the Toruń Valley, there are specific regular mosaics of vegetation and soil. Heather occurs on podzolized soils (albic arenosols, haplic podzols) on north-western slopes. Dry grasslands (Calamagrostis epigejos) cover slopes with south-eastern exposition, with soils eroded down to bed-rock and now regenerating to the stage of arenosols (haplic arenosols). Podzolized soils seem not to be developed under heather but rather under the relics of former pine forests preserved from erosion and deflation on less steep and more moist slopes.


Keywords


heathlands; soil development; podzols; arenosols; inland dunes

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bardgett R. D. & Marsden J. H., 1995, The extent and condition of heather on moorland in the uplands of England and Wales, Biological Conservation 71: 155-161.

Chabarow A. W., 1977, Poczvoobrazovanije na pieskach jugovostoka Russkoj Ravniny, Nauka, Moskwa.

Heil G. W. & Diemont W. H., 1983, Raised nutrient levels change heathland into grassland, Vegetatio 53: 113-120.

Hufkens K., Thoonen G., Van den Borre J., Scheunders P. & Ceulemans R., 2009, Habitat reporting of a heathland site: Classification probabilities as additional information, a case study, Ecological Informatics 30 (in press). http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=000280819900003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=b7bc2757938ac7a7a821505f8243d9f3

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2007, World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2006, first update 2007, World Soil Resources Reports No. 103, FAO, Rome.

Jankowski M., 2003, Historia rozwoju pokrywy glebowej obszarów wydmowych Kotliny Toruńskiej [History of development of the soil cover in the dune areas of the Toruń Basin], Doctoral Thesis, manuscript, Faculty of Biology and Earth Sciences, Department of Soil Science, NCU, Toruń.

Jankowski M. & Bednarek R., 2000, Quantitative and qualitative changes of properties as basis for distinguishing development stages of soils formed from dune sands, Pol. J. Soil Sc. 33 (2): 61-69.

Jankowski M. & Bednarek R., 2002, Secondary development stages of soils formed on inland dunes under pine woodlands, Transactions CD-ROM, Symp. 39, No. 797, 17th WCSS, 14-21 August, Bangkok, Thailand.

Kobendzina J., 1969, Rola roślinności w powstawaniu wydm śródlądowych [The effect of vegetation upon formation of inland dunes], [in]: R. Galon (ed.), Procesy i formy wydmowe w Polsce [Dunes processes and formes in Poland], Prace Geogr. 75, PWN, Warszawa: 75-100.

Matuszkiewicz W., 1995, Potencjalna roślinność naturalna Polski. Mapa przeglądowa 1:300,000 [Potential natural vegetation of Poland. General map 1:300,000], Inst. Geogr. i Przestrz. Zagospod., PAN, Warszawa.

Mossin L., Jensen B. T. & Nørnberg P., 2001, Altered podzolization resulting from replacing heather with sitka spruce, Soil Sc. Soc. Am. Journ. 65 (5): 1455-1462.

Mrózek W., 1958, Wydmy Kotliny Toruńsko-Bydgoskiej [Dunes of the Toruń Basin], [in]: R. Galon (ed.), Wydmy śródlądowe Polski, część druga [Les dunes continentales en Pologne, deux partie], PWN, Warszawa: 7-59.

Nienartowicz A., Kunz M., Adamska E., Boinska U., Deptuła M., Gugnacka-Fiedor W., Kamiński D. & Rutkowski L., 2010, Relief and changes in the vegetation cover and the flora of the Zadroże Dune near the city of Toruń: Comparison of the conditions in 1948 and 2009, Ecological Questions (this issue).

Nørnberg P., Sloth L. & Nielsen K. E., 1993, Rapid changes of sandy soil caused by vegetation changes, Can. J. Soil Sci. 73: 459-468.

Rahmonow O., 1999, Procesy zarastania Pustyni Błędowskiej [Processes of overgrowing in the Błędov desert (Southern Poland)], Uniwersytet Śląski, Sosnowiec.

Rahmonow O., 2007, Relacje między roślinnością i glebą w inicjalnej fazie sukcesji na obszarach piaszczystych [Relations between vegetation and soil in initial phase of succession in sandy areas], Wyd. Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Katowice.

Rose R. J., Webb N. R., Clarke R. T. & Traynor C. H., 2000, Changes on the heathlands in Dorset, England, between 1987 and 1996, Biological Conservation 93: 117-125.

PTG, 1989, Systematics of Polish Soils, fourth edition, Roczniki Gleboznawcze 40 (3/4): 1-150.

Stützer A., 1998, Early stages of podzolization in young aeolian sediments, western Jutland, Catena 32: 115-129.

Webb N. R., 1998, The traditional management of European heathlands, J. Appl. Ecol. 35: 987-990.

Weckwerth P., 2004, Morfogeneza wybranych obszarów Kotliny Toruńskiej a problem jej roli w układzie hydrograficznym podczas górnego plenivistulianu [Morphogenesis of the selected areas of the Toruń Basin and their part in hydrographic network during upper plenivistulian], Doctoral Thesis, manuscript, Faculty of Biology and Earth Sciences, Department of Geomorphology and Palaeogeography of Quaternary, NCU, Toruń.




Partnerzy platformy czasopism