Structural dynamic of social wasp communities (Hymenoptera: Vespinae) in forest areas destroyed by acid rains in the Karkonosze Mountains

Tadeusz Pawlikowski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/v10090-009-0017-9

Abstract


The structure of the social wasp communities was studied in the forest areas of the Karkonosze Mts. transformed by acid rains in 1989 and 1994. A significant increase of species diversity (H') was observed in the season of the even year, which resulted from the increased competing interactions between queen mothers. Whereas the distribution of the species' number decreased together with the altitude proportionally to natural distribution of the species' number recorded in the Tatra Mts. On the other hand, the only significantly increased value in the dynamics of Vespinae density in vegetation zones of the Karkonosze Mts. was recorded for the lower subalpine forest. While observing the progressing successive restoration of forests, one can assume that the recorded structural changes in communities of social wasps represent their transitional state.

Keywords


Hymenoptera; Vespinae; social wasps; communities; forests; Karkonosze Mts

Full Text:

PDF

References


Archer M. E., 1998, A lifetime with wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespinae), Naturalist 123: 3-14.

Edwards R., 1980, Social wasps, Their biology and control, Rentokil, East Grinstead.

Fabiszewski J., 1985, Szata roślinna [Vegetation cover], [in:] A. Jahn (ed.), Karkonosze Polskie [Polish Karkonosze Mountains], PWN, Wrocław: 191-235.

Hutcheson K., 1970, A test for comparing diversities based on the Shannon formula, I, Theor. Biol. 29: 151-154. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5493290

Kemper H. & Dőhring E., 1967, Die sozialen Faltenwespen Mitteleuropas, Verlag, Berlin-Hamburg.

Matsuura M. & Yamane S., 1990, Biology of the Vespinae wasps, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-London-Tokyo.

Pawlikowski T., 1990, Wasp communities (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in agricultural landscape of Chełmno Land (N Poland), Pol. Pismo Ent. 60: 115-128.

Pawlikowski T., 1993, Materiały do studiów nad strukturą zespołów żądłówek (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) Polski. 2. Osy społeczne (Vespinae) wschodnich Karkonoszy [Materials to study the community structure of Hymenoptera Aculeata in Poland. 2. Social wasps (Vespinae) of the Eastern Karkonosze Mts.], Wiadom. Entomol. 12 (1): 41-44.

Pawlikowski T., 1997, Materiały do studiów nad strukturą zespołów żądłówek (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) Polski. 8. Osy społeczne (Vespinae) polskich Tatr [Materials to study the community structure of Hymenoptera Aculeata in Poland. 8. Social wasps (Vespinae) of the Polish Tatry Mts.], Wiadom. Entomol. 16 (1): 29-30.

Pawlikowski T. & Osmański M., 1998, Atrakcyjność środowisk miejskich dla os społecznych (Hymenoptera: Vespinae) na obszarze Torunia [Attractiveness of city environments for social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespinae) in the area of Toruń], Wiadom. Entomol. 17 (2): 95-104.

Pawlikowski T. & Przybylska E., 2001, Dynamika zmian struktury zespołu os społecznych (Hymenoptera: Vespinae) na obszarze Torunia w latach 1979-1995 [Dynamics of structure changes of the social wasp community (Hymenoptera: Vespinae) in the town area of Toruń during 1979-1995], [in:] Bioróżnorodność i ekologia populacji zwierzęcych w środowiskach zurbanizowanych [Biodiversity and ecology of animal populations in urbanized environments]: NICE, Bydgoszcz: 94-101.

Pawlikowski T. & Pawlikowski K., 2006, Long-term dynamics of structure changes of the social wasp community (Hymenoptera: Vespinae) in agricultural landscape of the Kujawy Region, Ecological Questions 7: 21-28.

Pielou E. C., 1966, Shannon's formula as a measure of specific diversity: its use and misuse, Amer. Naturalist 100: 463-465.

Shannon C. E. & Weaver W., 1963, The mathematical theory of communication, University of Illinois Press, Urbana.




Partnerzy platformy czasopism