Restoration of Earthworms Community (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) at Sand Quarries (Smolensk Oblast, Russia)

Anna Geraskina

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/EQ.2019.017

Abstract


The earthworm community formation studies have been carried out during the primary succession at the sand quarries formed during the sand mining. It has been established that the earthworm colonization during the 7 – 50 years sand quarry overgrowth is slow and the species composition is not fully restored therewith. The quarries are mainly occupied with the endogeic species. The results of the experiment on the introduction of the species of earthworms of different morpho-ecological groups have been described for the quarries at different stages of restoration. It has been established that the endogeic species colonization is advisable at the initial stages of the quarry overgrowth and the epi-endogeic, epigeic and anecic species colonization – at the later stages.

Keywords


introduction of earthworms; morpho-ecological groups of earthworms; technogenic disturbances; community restoration

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbot I., 1989, The influence of fauna on soil structure, [in:] J.D. Majer (ed.), Animals in primary succession. The role of fauna in reclaimed lands. Cambridge University Press, New York: 39-50.

Boyer S. & Wratten S.D., 2010, The potential of earthworms to restore ecosystem services after opencast mining–A review, Basic and Applied Ecology 11. (3): 196-203.

Bouche M.B., 1977, Strategies lombriciennes. [in:] U. Lohm, T. Persson (eds), Soil Organisms as Components of Ecosystems. Ecological Bulletin 25: 122-132.

Brun J.J., Cluzeau D., Trehen P. & Bouche M.B., 1987, Biostimulation: perspectives et limites de l´amelioration biologique des sols par stimulation ou introduction d´especes lombriciennes. Rev. Ecol. Biol. 24: 685-701.

Bulavincev V.I., 1979, Formirovanie naseleniya melkih pozvonochnyh na territoriyah, narushennyh otkrytymi gornymi razrabotkami poleznyh iskopaemyh [Formation of the population of small vertebrates in areas disturbed by open-pit mining of minerals], Zoologicheskij Zhurnal 58 (3): 386-392.

Butt K.R., 2008, Earthworms in soil restoration: lessons learned from United Kingdom case studies of land reclamation. Restoration Ecology 16(4): 637-641.

Curry J.P., 2004, Factors affecting the abundance of earthworms in soils. Earthworm Ecology 9: 113-113.

Dunger W., 1968, Die Entwicklung der Bodenfauna auf rekultivieren Kippen und Halden des Braunkohlentagebaues. Ein Beitrag zur pedozoologischen Standortsdiagnose [The development of soil fauna on recultivation dumps and heaps of lignite opencast mining. A contribution to pedozoological site diagnosis]. Abhandl. Ber. Naturkundemuseum, Görlitz 43: 1-256.

Dunger W., 2006, Die Neubelebung von Haldenböden – ein halbes Jahrhundert bodenzoologischer Forschung [The revitalization of heaps of soil - half a century of bio-ecological research]. Abh. Naturw. Ges. ISIS Dresden: 47-64.

Dunger W. & Voigtländer K., 2002, Wege zur Beurteilung der biologischen Bodengüte von bewaldeten Kippböden in Abhängigkeit vom Rekultivierungsalter [Paths for the assessment of the biological soil quality of wooded tipping grounds as a function of the recultivation age]. Mitt. Deutsch. Bodenkundl. 99: 169-172.

Dunger W., Voigtländer K. & Zimdars B., 2004, Die Entwiclung der Regenwurmfauna (Lumbricidae) auf den Berzdorfen Halden – repräsentativ für europäische Bergbaugebiete [The evolution of earthworm fauna (Lumbricidae) on the Berzdorfer heaps - representative of European mining areas]. Berichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft der Oberlausitz 11: 99-110.

Eijsackers H., 2010, Earthworms as colonisers: primary colonisation of contaminated land, and sediment and soil waste deposits, Science of the total environment 408 (8):1759-1769.

Frouz J. & Vinduskova O., 2018, Soil Organic Matter Accumulation in Postmining Sites: Potential Drivers and Mechanisms, [in:] M.A. Munoz & R. Zornoza (eds), Soil Management and Climate Change. Academic Press, New York: 103-120.

Geraskina A.P., 2016, Ekologicheskaya ocenka dinamiki kompleksa dozhdevyh chervej (Lumbricidae) v hode vosstanovitel'nyh sukcessij [Ecological assessment of the dynamics of the complex of earthworms (Lumbricidae) during restorative successions]. SGMU, Smolensk: 1-148.

Gilyarov M.S., 1987, Uchet krupnyh bespozvonochnyh (mezofauny) [Accounting for large invertebrates (mesofauna)] [in:] Kolichestvennye metody v pochvennoj zoologii [Quantitative methods in soil zoology]. Nauka, Moscow: 9-26.

Hüttl R.F. & Weber E., 2001, Forest ecosystem development in post-mining landscapes: a case study of the Lusatian lignite district, Naturwissenschaften 88 (8): 322-329.

Langmaid K.K., 1964, Some effects of earthworm invasion in virgin podzols. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 44 (1): 34-37.

Lee K.E., 1995, Earthworms and Sustainable Land Use, [in:] P. Hendrix (ed.), Earthworm Ecology and Biogeography in North America. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, EU: 215-234.

Ma W.C. & Eijsackers H., 1989, The influence of substrate toxicity on soil macrofauna return in reclaimed land, [in:] Majer J.D. (ed.), Animals in primary succession. The role of fauna in Reclaimed Lands. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK: 223-244.

Majer J.D., Brennan K.E.C. & Moir M.L., 2007, Invertebrates and the restoration of a forest ecosystem: 30 years of research following bauxite mining in Western Australia. Restoration Ecology 15: 104-115.

Marinissen J.C.Y. & Van den Bosch F., 1992, Colonization of new habitats by earthworms. Oecologia 91 (3): 371-376.

Moradi J., Vicentini F., Simackova H., Pizl, V., Tajovsky K., Stary J. & Frouz J., 2018, An investigation into the long-term effect of soil transplant in bare spoil heaps on survival and migration of soil meso and macrofauna. Ecological Engineering 110: 158-164.

Mudrak O., Uteseny K. & Frouz J., 2012, Earthworms drive succession of both plant and Collembola communities in post-mining sites. Applied Soil Ecology: 62: 170-177.

Perel T.S., 1979, Распространение и закономерности распределения дождевых червей фауны СССР [Rasprostranenie i zakonomernosti raspredeleniya dozhdevyh chervej fauny SSSR]. Nauka, Moscow: 1-272.

Pizl V., 2001, Earthworm Succession in Afforested Colliery Spoil Heaps in the Sokolov Region, Chech Republic. Restoration Ecology 9(4): 359-364.

Roubickova A. & Frouz J., 2014, Performance of the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa on unreclaimed spoil heaps at different successional stages. European Journal of Soil Biology 65: 57-61.

Roubickova A., Mudrak O. & Frouz J., 2012, The effect of belowground herbivory by wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae) on performance of Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth in post-mining sites European Journal of Soil Biology 50: 51-55.

Snyder B.A. & Hendrix P.F., 2008, Current and potential roles of soil macroinvertebrates (earthworms, millipedes, and isopods) in ecological restoration. Restoration Ecology 16 (4): 629-636.

Striganova B.R., 1980, Pitanie pochvennyh saprofagov [Nutrition soil saprophages]. Nauka, Moscow: 1-243.

Topp W., Simon M., Kautz G., Dworschak U., Nicolini F. & Pruckner S., 2001, Soil fauna of a reclaimed lignite open-cast mine of the Rhineland: improvement of soil quality by surface pattern. Ecological Engineering 17: 307-332.

Vsevolodova-Perel T.S., 1997, Dozhdevye chervi fauny Rossii: Kadastr i opredelitel' [Earthworms of the fauna of Russia: Cadastre and determinant]. Nauka, Moscow: 1-101.




Partnerzy platformy czasopism