Is current forest landscape research approaches providing the right insights? Observations from India context

Rama Chandra P. Prasad, Krishnan S. Rajan



One of the major challenges in the current scenario for ecological conservation is to quantify the forest landscape in its spatio-temporal domain and understand further implications of those. While the detailed study of the forest ecosystems may provide insights into biodiversity, carrying capacity and productive nature, most of the studies are restricted to single time/event inventory and focused on assessment of tree diversity patterns. Through the adoption of geospatial technologies like remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS), though forest monitoring has been possible, the linkages to the biodiversity distribution and its patterns are still at an empirical level, thus supporting broad measures of protection and preservation without accounting for the local/regional variability.

Towards this the paper discusses the lacuna in the current landscape research approaches in Indian scenario. Presents a framework to analyze the landscape structure at the, micro, meso and macro levels. Emphasize the need for the collection of spatio-temporal field data to analyze the change in biodiversity and their linked entities. The paper suggests the need for development of long term ecological area networks to understand the ecological processes, making the data open and improve collaborations among the organizations working in the similar domain to enhance the impact of the research works.


Biodiversity; carbon; climate change; holistic approach; open source

Full Text:



Anonymous, 2003, Biodiversity characterization at Landscape Level in Andaman and Nicobar Islands using Satellite Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehradun.


Ayyappan N. & Parthasarathy N., 1999, Biodiversity inventory of trees in a large-scale permanent plot of tropical evergreen forest at Varagalaiar, Anamalaias, Western Ghats, India. Biodiversity and Conservation 8:1533-1554.

Burke C.A. & Franklin T.M., 2003, Policy News: Threats to Natural Resources Management, Wildlife Society Bulletin 31(4): 1238-1239.

Butler R. & Laurance W., 2008, New strategies for conserving tropical forests, Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23(9): 469-472.

Gordon J.E. & Newton A.C., 2006, Efficient floristic inventory for the assessment of tropical tree diversity: A comparative test of four alternative approaches, Forest Ecology and Management 6(237): 564–573.

Gupta S. & Prasad R.C.P., 2014, Analysis of tree diversity patterns in the tropical evergreen and moist deciduous forests of the Middle Andaman Islands, India, Journal of Biodiversity Management and Forestry 2:3 [doi:10.4172/2327-4417.1000114].

Laurance W.F. & Bierregaard Jr. R.O., 1997, Tropical Forest Remnants: Ecology, Management and Conservation of Fragmented Communities, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Mathew P.S., Radha R.K., Krishnan N.P. & Seeni S., 2010, Phytogeography of the Andaman–Nicobar Islands with special reference to Hornstedtia fenzlii (Kurz) K. Schum, Current Science 98 (7): 905-907.

Menon, S. & Bawa, K.S., 1997, Application of geographic systems, remote sensing and landscape ecology approach to biodiversity conservation in the Western Ghats, Current Science 73(2): 134-145.

Myers N., 1990, The biodiversity challenge: expanded hotspots analysis, Environmentalist 10(4): 243-256.

Myers N., Russell A., Mittermelert C., Mittermelert G., Gustavo A.B. & da Fonseca J.K., 2000, Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities, Nature 24: 853–858.

Padalia H., Chauhan N., Porwal M.C. & Roy P.S., 2004, Phytosociological observations on tree species diversity of Andaman Islands, India, Current Science 87(6): 799–806.

Panda P.C., Mahapatra A.K., Acharya P.K. & Debata A.K., 2013, Plant diversity in tropical deciduous forests of Eastern Ghats, India: A landscape level assessment, International Journal of Biodiversity, and Conservation 5(10): 625-639.

Pitchairamu C., Muthuchelian K. & Siva N.,2008, Floristic inventory and quantitative vegetation analysis of tropical dry deciduous forest in Piranmalai Forest, Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India, Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 204-216.

Prasad R.C.P., 2011, Ecological analysis of Dipterocarpaceae of North Andaman forest, India, Journal of Plant Development 18:139-145.

Prasad R.C.P., Rajan K.S., Dutt C.B.S. & Roy P.S., 2010, A conceptual framework to analyse the Land-use / land-cover changes and its impact on phytodiversity – A case study of North Andaman Islands, India, Biodiversity and Conservation 19(11): 3073-3087.

Prasad R.C.P., Reddy C.S., Vijaya Kumari P., Varalakshmi R.K., Raza S.H. & Dutt C.B.S., 2009a, Vegetation structure and ecological characteristics of forest of North Andaman Islands, (India), Biological Letters 46(2): 105–121.

Prasad R.C.P., Rajan K.S. & Asha Kumari J., 2011, Endangered forest ecosystem of Eastern Ghats – need for conservation of Kondapalli forest, IUP Journal of Life Sciences 5(4): 40-45.

Prasad R.C.P., Reddy C.S. & Dutt C.B.S., 2007, Phyto-diversity assessment of tropical rainforest of North Andaman Islands, India, Research Journal of Forestry 1(1): 27–39.

Prasad R.C.P, Sringeswara A.N, Reddy C.S., Nidhi N., Rajan K.S., Giriraj A., Murthy M.S.R, Raza S.H. & Dutt C.B.S., 2009b, Assessment of Forest Fragmentation and Species Diversity in North Andaman Islands (India) – A Geospatial Approach, International Journal of Ecology and Development 14: 33-46.

Prasad R.C.P., Reddy C.S., Rajan K.S., Raza S.H. & Dutt C.B.S., 2009c, Assessment of Tsunami and Anthropogenic Impacts on the forest of the North Andaman Islands, India. International Journal of Remote Sensing- 30 (5): 1235 – 1249.

Rasingam L. & Parthasarathy N., 2009, Diversity of under storey plants in undisturbed and disturbed tropical lowland forests of Little Andaman Island, India, Biodiversity Conservation 18(4): 1045-1065.

Rajkumar M. & Parthasarathy N., 2008, Tree Diversity and Structure of Andaman Giant Evergreen Forests, India, Taiwania 53(4): 356-368.

Richard M., 1994, Toward valuation of forest conservation benefits in developing countries, Environmental Conservation 21(4): 308-319.

Roy P.S., Singh S. & Porwal M.C., 1993, Characterization of ecological parameters in tropical forest community - a remote sensing approach, Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing 21(3): 127-149.

Roy P.S, Padalia H., Chauhan N., Porwal M.C., Gupta S., Biswas S. & Jagdale R., 2005, Validation of geospatial model for biodiversity characterization at landscape level-a study in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India, Ecological Modeling 185(2-4): 349-369.

Shannon C.E. & Wiener W., 1963, The Mathematical Theory of Communication, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, USA.

Singh, J. S., Singh, S. P., Saxena, A. K. & Rawat, Y. S., 1981, Report on the Silent Valley Study, Ecology Research Circle, Kumaun University, Nainital, 1981, 86.

Singh M.P., Singh B.S. & Dey, S.D., 2002, Plant Biodiversity and Taxonomy, Daya Publishing House, New Delhi.

Shruthakeerthiraja. & Krishnakumar G., 2012, Phytosociological studies on a low altitude forest of the Western Ghats region – India, Indian Journal of Science 1(1), 64-70.

Sukumar R., Dattaraja H.S., Suresh H.S., Radhakrishnan J.V., Vasudeva R., Nirmala S. & Joshi N.V., 1992, Long-term monitoring of vegetation in a tropical deciduous forest in Mudumalai, southern India, Current Science 62: 608–616.

Vasudeva Rao M.K., 2004, The importance of botanical nomenclature and synonymy in taxonomy and biodiversity, Current Science 87 (5): 602-606.

Verma M., 2001, Economic valuation of forest of Himachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh forest sector review, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London: 7.31-7.38.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism