Henryk Bracton o królu w systemie średniowiecznego prawa angielskiego

Przemysław A. Lewicki

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/DP.2020.012

Abstrakt


‘De legibus et consuetudinibus Angliae’ is a first comprehensive book of whole English law properly
understood (even if work attributed to Glanville precedes it in time it still must be judged to
be much inferior). It represents a major turning point in history of English law, point at which
author of this work, to quote Holdsworth, ‘used Roman terms to describe fully English legal system’.
Author of this monumental milestone is called Henry de Bracton, even though today it is
certain that man by that name did not wrote whole of the treatise himself. ‘De legibus’ influenced
not only development of native English legal system but also – perhaps more importantly – that
of English political thought. It is in ‘De legibus’ where many of the most important English political
traditions are first founded – chief among them an idea of ‘king under the law’, a king who
is made by the law, and not the other way around. For this idea to be properly understood a careful
examination of ideas of justice, law itself and government is needed – and when conducted, it
reveals a system much more intricate and complex than one could judge by later use of supposedly
Bractonian ideas. For Bracton, king is chiefly a judge, a dispenser of heavenly justice bound
to his duties by legal contract made during his coronation oath, and when he stops operating according
to these rules (which do not necessarily mirror human, earthly laws) he loses his kingly
status.


Słowa kluczowe


Henryk Bracton; De legibus; średniowieczne prawo angielskie; Glanville; Maitland; angielski rojalizm; angielski monarchizm; król pod prawem; princeps legibus solutus; prawo rzymskie w Anglii; przysięga koronacyjna

Pełny tekst:

PDF

Bibliografia


Blackstone William, Commentaries on the Laws of England, t. 1, Oxford 1768

Bracton Henryk, Bracton’s Note Book. A Collection of Cases Decided in the King’s Courts During the Reign of Henry the Third, t. 1, red. F.W. Maitland, London 1887

Bracton Henryk, Bracton’s Note Book. A Collection of Cases Decided in the King’s Courts During the Reign of Henry the Th ird, t. 2, red. F.W. Maitland, London 1887

Bracton Henryk, Bracton’s Note Book. A Collection of Cases Decided in the King’s Courts During the Reign of Henry the Th ird, t. 3, red. F.W. Maitland, London 1887

Bracton Henryk, De legibus et consuetudinibus Angliae, t. 1, red. G.E. Woodbine, New Haven–London 1915

Bracton Henryk, De legibus et consuetudinibus Angliae, t. 2, red. G.E. Woodbine, New Haven–London 1922

Bracton Henryk, De legibus et consuetudinibus Angliae, t. 3, red. G.E. Woodbine, New Haven–London 1940

Bracton Henryk, De legibus et consuetudinibus Angliae, t. 4, red. G.E. Woodbine, New Haven––London 1942

Bracton Henryk, On the Laws and Customs of England, t. 1, red. G.E. Woodbine, red. i tłum. S.E. Thorne, Cambridge (Mass.) 1968

Bracton Henryk, On the Laws and Customs of England, t. 2, red. G.E. Woodbine, red. i tłum. S.E. Thorne, Cambridge (Mass.) 1968

Bracton Henryk, On the Laws and Customs of England, t. 3, red. G.E. Woodbine, red. i tłum. S.E. Thorne, Cambridge (Mass.) 1977

Bracton Henryk, On the Laws and Customs of England, t. 4, red. G.E. Woodbine, red. i tłum. S.E. Thorne, Cambridge (Mass.) 1977

Bryk Andrzej, Konstytucjonalizm. Od starożytnego Izraela do liberalnego konstytucjonalizmu amerykańskiego, Kraków 2013

Clayton Mary, Th e Old English Promissio regis, „Anglo-Saxon England” 2008, nr 37, s. 91–150

Eskine Audrey M., Henry de Bracton in Devon, „Bracton Law Journal” 1969, nr 5/1, s. 3–6

Gray John C., Th e Nature and Sources of the Law. Second Edition, New York 1921

Güterbock Karl E., Bracton and His Relation to the Roman Law, red. B. Coxe, Philadelphia 1866

Halberda Jan, Historia zobowiązań quasi-kontraktowych w common law, Kraków 2012

Holdsworth William S., Pares Bernard, Sir Paul Vinogradoff , „Th e Slavonic Review” 1926, nr 4/12, s. 529–551

Holdsworth William S., Sources and Literature of English Law, Oxford 1925

Kantorowicz Ernst H., Th e King’s Two Bodies. A Study in Medieval Political Th eology, Oxford–Princeton 2016

Kantorowicz Hermann U., Bractonian Problems, Glasgow 1941

Knowles Clive H., Th e Resettlement of England after the Barons’ War, 1264–67, „Transactions of the Royal Historical Society” 1982, nr 32, s. 25–41

Lapsley Gaillard, Bracton and the Authorship of the ‘Addicio de Cartis’, „Th e English Historical Review” 1947, nr 62/242, s. 1–19

Lewis Ewart, King above Law? “Quod Principi Placuit” in Bracton, „Speculum” 1964, nr 39/2, s. 240–269

Maitland Frederic W., Frederick Pollock, Th e History of English Law Before the Time of Edward I, t. 1, Cambridge 1898

McIlwain Charles H., Constitutionalism: Ancient and Modern, Ithaca 1947

Miller Samuel J.T., Th e Position of the King in Bracton and Beaumanoir, „Speculum” 1956, nr 31/2, s. 263–296

Milsom Stroud F.C., Historical Foundations of the Common Law, London 1969

Nederman Cary J., Bracton on Kingship First Visited: Th e Idea of Sovereignty and Bractonian Political Thought in Seventeenth-Century England, „Political Science” 1988, nr 40/1, s. 49–66

Hoskin Philippa, Natural law. Protest and the English Episcopate 1257–1265, [w:] J. Burton, P. Schofield, B. Weiler (red.), Th irteenth Century England XV: Authority and Resistance in the Age of Magna Carta. Proceedings of the Aberystwyth and Lampeter Conference, 2013, Woodbridge 2015, s. 83–98

Plucknett Th eodore F.T., A Concise History of the Common Law. Th ird Edition, Boston 1956

Post Gaines, Bracton on Kingship, „Tulane Law Review” 1968, nr 42/3, s. 519–554

Radding Charles M., Th e Origins of Bracton’s Addicio de Cartis, „Speculum” 1969, nr 44/2, s. 239–246

Radin Max, Glanvill on the Common Law: Lex Terrae and Ius Regni, „University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register” 1933, nr 82/1, s. 26–36

Richardson Henry G., Azo, Drogheda, and Bracton, „The English Historical Review” 1944, nr 59/233, s. 22–48

Richardson Henry G., Th e English Coronation Oath, „Speculum” 1949, nr 24/1, s. 44–75

Round John H., Bractoniana, „The English Historical Review” 1916, nr 31/124, s. 586–596

Schulz Fritz, Bracton on Kingship, „English History Review” 1945, nr 60/237, s. 136–176

Staniszewski Maciej, Recenzja: „Digesta Justyniańskie. Ks. 1”, tł. Bartosz Szolc-Nartowski, Warszawa 2007, „Zeszyty Prawnicze” 2009, nr 9/1, s. 333–364

Szlachta Bogdan W., Henry de Bracton jako filozof prawa i myśliciel polityczny, „Archiwum Historii Filozofi i i Myśli Społecznej” 2000, nr 45, s. 117–131

Szlachta Bogdan W., Monarchia prawa. Szkice z historii angielskiej myśli politycznej do końca epoki Plantagenetów, Kraków 2001

Tierney Brian, Bracton on Government, „Speculum” 1963, nr 38/2, s. 295–317

Vincent Nicholas, Henry of Bratton (alias Bracton), [w:] R.H. Helmholz, M. Hill (red.), Great Christian Jurists in English History, Cambridge 2017, s. 19–44

West Francis, Th e Justiciarship in England 1066–1232, Cambridge 1966

White Albert B., Review of Glanvill, De Legibus et Consuetudinibus Regni Anglioe. Edited by George E. Woodbine, „Th e American Historical Review” 1933, nr 38/3, s. 533–535

Wiener Frederick B., Bracton in English aft er Seven Hundred Years, „American Bar Association Journal” 1969, nr 55/10, s. 964–969

Wiener Frederick B., Did Bracton Write Bracton?, „American Bar Association Journal” 1978, nr 64/1, s. 72–77

Yale David E.C., „Of No Mean Authortiy”. Some Later Uses of Bracton, [w:] M.S. Arnold (red.), On the Laws and Customs of England: Essays in Honor of Samuel E. Th orne, Chapel Hill 1981, s. 383–396


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism