Dialogi Polityczne https://apcz.umk.pl/DP Dialogi Polityczne Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu pl-PL Dialogi Polityczne 1730-8003 Etyka polityki w monarchistycznej doktrynie Antonia de Guevary https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36659 <p>The purpose of the text is to interpret the work entitled The Dial of Princes by Antonio de <br />Guevara. The main field of interpretation is the ethics of politics, and the main subject of <br />research is monarchist political thought presented by a Spanish author. The text consists of <br />four main elements: a) the primacy of ethics over politics; b) stoic philosophy as a practical <br />philosophy; c) monarch deontology; d) the dial metaphor. As part of the conclusions, in <br />addition to the recapitulation of the threads contained in the work, the significance of the <br />discussed item in the light of the principles of Spanish traditionalism was presented.</p> Łukasz Perlikowski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Łukasz Perlikowski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.017 Jean Bodin i monarchia „Polityków” https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36661 <p>The aim of this text is not the next presentation of idea of sovereignty of Jean Bodin. This <br />political concept has a great multilanguage bibliography. It’s very characteristic that the <br />idea of Bodin’s monarchy is today presented as an abstract theory of modern state, as the <br />model for catholic Bourbonic monarchy in modern France. It’s not true. This political idea <br />is the result of the religious war in France between Catholics et Huguenots. The main idea of <br />Bodin is to present the political program of party of “Politiques” of prime minister Michel de <br />l’Hospital. It’s the mixture of religious indifferentism, kind of pre-liberalism, and absolutist <br />form of power as a guarantee of political order. The author of this text present Jean Bodin <br />in this political context, as a greater political thinker of “Politiques” party</p> Adam Wielomski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Adam Wielomski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.018 Jezuicka myśl polityczna XVI–XVII wieku wobec problemu monarchii (Francisco Suárez i Roberto Bellarmino) https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36665 <p>The theological, ecclesiastical and political thought of Jesuit Counterreformation it’s a very <br>curios case against i.e. political theology formulated by Carl Schmitt. The specific of political <br>ideas of Counterreformation is the strange mixture between monarchical idea of God, <br>monarchical idea of pope and republican, pre-republican or constitutional royalty. The <br>aim of this article is the examination of this interesting case study. We have in this epoch <br>the confrontation between two political ideas: royal monarchy of sovereign state and papal <br>monarchy in the Church. In this same moment we se the growth of centralised modern <br>state as parallel growth of centralised Church. We se an evident parallel between the notions <br>of sovereignty in the state and infallibility and primacy in the Catholic Church. And the <br>believers in Church are in the same time the subjects in the state. We have classic clash <br>between two great forces in the same land. The situation is worsened by the Reformation and <br>abjuration from Catholicity by few rulers. In this case the papal monarchy prefer the ideas of <br>constitution, limited government, right to resist to the tyrants, i.e. schismatic or protestant <br>sovereigns. Jesuit statement against the political theology is the effect of understanding that <br>the theological and political power of pope is impossible in the world of sovereign states.</p> Adam Wielomski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Adam Wielomski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.019 Instytucja monarchii w myśli polityczno‑filozoficznej Diega de Saavedry Fajardo https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36668 <p>Abstract:<br>Diego de Saavedra Fajardo (1584–1648) was Spanish diplomat and political writer, author <br>of many works, for example: La república literaria, Corona gótica, castellana y austríaca (1648), <br>Introducción a la política y razón de Estado del rey católico don Fernando (1631) and Idea de <br>un príncipe político cristiano (1640, eng. „Idea of a Christian Political Prince”). These last <br>work is an important expression of the neo-stoicism and neo-thomism which flourished <br>in 17th-century Spain. The author also refers to the concept of a good reason of state and <br>creates an anti-Machiavellian vision of politics. Saavedra’s work is also worth attention due <br>to its form. It is one of the most important examples of emblem book.</p> Marcin Śrama Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Marcin Śrama https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.020 Państwo i jego władca w teorii racji stanu Giovanniego Botero https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36670 <p>Italian Jesuit Giovanni Botero (1544–1617) is seen as an intellectual father of modern idea of reason of State, and of the State as abstract and unpersonal being. The aim of this text is the complete revision of this popular view. The difference between unpersonal State and personal ruler is in his famous book La Ragion di stato (1589) posed only as theoretical question, because the intellectual fathers of Botero present traditional statement that the prince is the owner of state (Machiavelli) or the power has the origins in the power of father of family (Bodin). From the mixture of state and ruler, reason of State and reason of ruler is possible the identification of state and ruler as one being only. And it is the cause that in Botero we have only one possible political regime: royal monarchy. The people has not the right to revolt, to any form of resistance, and to change the regime of State. Botero is not the modern thinker as he is presented in the literature. He is the mixture between modern and traditional points of view.</p> Adam Wielomski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Adam Wielomski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.021 Monarchia teokratyczna Stanisława Orzechowskiego https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36671 <p>The text contains a presentation and discussion of the views of Stanisław Orzechowski, <br>a Russian priest of the Roman rite, educated at Western universities and involved in political <br>disputes of the nobility under the rule of Sigismund Augustus. He was a writer who stood <br>out from the humanists of the age by his attachment to the Church. He became known as <br>a radical opponent of the Reformation, which he constantly fought against, but at the same <br>time defended the Eastern Churches against unification with Rome. His views led him to <br>formulate a theocratic doctrine of the state, in which the king bound by the coronation <br>oath became subordinate to the archbishop of Gniezno – the primate Polish. He was also <br>a singer of the freedom of the Kingdom of Poland, thanks to which it is the best earthly <br>state. According to him, this happened by combining the classical (pagan) theory of a mixed <br>system with Christian values.</p> Mateusz Gierszewski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Mateusz Gierszewski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.022 Myśl monarchistyczna w Kazaniach sejmowych księdza Piotra Skargi SJ https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36672 <p>Father Piotr Skarga Powęski and his works have enjoyed some popularity for centuries among <br />historians of political thought, but also researchers of the history of culture, literary scholars or <br />Polish scholars. His Sejm Sermons, as a political treatise, were an important voice concerning <br />the organization of society, the issue of the best system, religious tolerance. This treaty postulated the strengthening of the monarch’s power, the restoration of his judicial, legislative, stable <br />income for the kingdom. He enumerated the numerous mistakes of democracy, considered to <br />be the most harmful system, and criticized the tolerant Warsaw Confederation as a gateway <br />for non-believers and a threat to the unity of the country. He suggested the elimination of <br />national vices, such as private, lawlessness, disunion. He called for the improvement of the <br />lot of the peasants and included them in the same nation as the nobility.</p> Arkadiusz Bożejewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Arkadiusz Bożejewicz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.023 Francisco de Quevedo. Poeta i filozof polityczny https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36674 <p>Francisco de Quevedo (1580–1645) was Spanish nobleman, politician, writer and political <br>thinker. His most important political works are La política de Dios, y gobierno de Cristo (1626; <br>eng. “The Politics of the Lord”) and La vida de Marco Bruto (1644; eng. “The Life of Marcus <br>Brutus”). De Quevedo described his political thing in these letters in which he emphasized <br>the role of the ruler’s responsibility. De Quevedo dealt with the issue of admissibility of <br>resistance to power and tyrannicide when the king does not fulfill his duties. Also, following <br>the example of saint Thomas Aquinas, he saw in the king a follower of Christ. For this reason, <br>Jesus’s deeds were the basis for his reflection.</p> Marcin Śrama Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Marcin Śrama https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.024 Ewaluacja ustrojów i wizja monarchii w twórczości Williama Shakespeare’a https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36675 <p>Abstract:<br>The political ideas expressed in Shakespeare’s dramaturgy are rooted in the tradition of <br>classical political philosophy, for which the goal is the common good and the search for <br>virtue, and in particular in the native (English) political thought of the Middle Ages and the <br>Renaissance, while opposed to modern currents – Machiavellianism, rationalism and utopian <br>currents. Shakespeare is critical of the “rule of the people”, which he denies political virtue, <br>while he appreciates aristocracy, but paternalistic and faithful to the sovereign. He does not <br>question the legitimacy of the republican system where it is a “long-standing” order, but <br>combines his political ideal with a national, legitimistic, law-abiding and Christian monarchy.</p> Jacek Bartyzel Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Jacek Bartyzel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.025 Testament politique kardynała Richelieu https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36677 <p>This article aims to summarize and present the most important and original theses contained <br>in the Political Testament (Testament politique) of Armand-Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu. <br>Although the first minister of King Louis XIII is associated primarily with his practical <br>political activity, he wrote numerous discourses, letters, theological and theoretical works, <br>including the Political Testament. In this work published after his death, were apart practical, <br>sometimes too vague advice for the king, but there were also fragments strictly describing <br>the monarchical idea.</p> Arkadiusz Bożejewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Arkadiusz Bożejewicz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.026 Pojęcie ładu w filozofii politycznej Josepha de Maistre’a. Kilka uwag o podstawach tradycjonalistycznej nostalgii za ancien régime’em https://apcz.umk.pl/DP/article/view/36678 <p>On February 26, 2021, 200 years have passed since the death of the most eminent representative of traditionalism, a reactionary doctrine arising out of opposition to the French <br>Revolution and requiring the defense of the ancien régime. The counter-revolution was <br>a complex concept rooted in ontology, theology, epistemology, and the philosophy of language. It provokes a reflection on the political, legal, social and religious order, also today <br>as a doctrine that was created in the modern era, but directed against it. The main research <br>goal is a thorough analysis of Joseph de Maistre’s attitude, determining his attitude to the <br>revolution and the vision of the state order, which will allow to illustrate the essence of <br>traditionalist thought expressing nostalgia for the old world scheme.</p> Bartosz Chrząszcz Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Bartosz Chrząszcz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 1 31 10.12775/DP.2021.027