Filozofia polityczna Cyropedii Ksenofonta

Przemysław A. Lewicki

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/DP.2020.003

Abstrakt


Xenophon’s ‘Cyropaedia’, or ‘The Education of Cyrus’, is the most important literary achievement
on one of the most interesting Socratics. It tells a story of Persian king Cyrus, successful conqueror
and ruler, from his upbringing at the Median court of his grandfather up until his last breath.
‘Cyropaedia’ is however not a biographical account of great monarch’s deeds (although arguments
for that are brought up in the paper), but a work akin to Plato’s ‘Republic’. In his longest
work Xenophon combines characteristic traits of many different genres – a novel, an encomium,
a military treatise and so on – to construct his own unique narrative, and through that narrative
establishes his own idea of a perfect government. Athenian philosopher judiciously weaves a tale
of human nature, divine order and social phenomena to present a powerful argument for aristocratic
monarchy, in which a perfect king (a ‘speaking law’) rules by his own perfect wisdom.


Słowa kluczowe


Ksenofont; Cyropedia; Cyrus Wielki; paideia; enkomion; monarchizm grecki; monarchizm hellenistyczny; myśl grecka

Pełny tekst:

PDF

Bibliografia


Ajschylos, Persowie, tłum. Z. Węclewski, Poznań 1873

Anderson J.K., Xenophon, Bristol 2011

Antystenes, Fragmenta, red. F.D. Caizzi, Milano 1966

Atack C., Plato’s Statesman and Xenophon’s Cyrus, [w:] G. Danzig, D. Johnson, D. Morrison (red.), Plato and Xenophon. Comparative Studies, Leiden–Boston 2018

Arystoteles, Retoryka. Retoryka dla Aleksandra. Poetyka, tłum. H. Podbielski, Warszawa 2008

Azoulay V., Xenophon and the Graces of Power. A Greek Guide to Political Manipulation, tłum.

A. Krieger, Swansea 2018

Brague R., Europa. Droga rzymska, tłum. W. Dłuski, Warszawa 2012

Borg B.E., Paideia: Th e World Of Th e Second Sophistic, Berlin–New York 2004

Bruell C., Ksenofont, [w:] J. Cropsey, L. Strauss (red.), Historia fi lozofi i politycznej, tłum. P. Nowak

i in., Warszawa 2010

Burgess T.C., Epideictic literature, „University of Chicago Studies in Classical Philology” 1902,

nr 3

Cogan M., Cyrus Cylinder (2.124), [w:] W.H. Hallo, K.L. Younger (red.), Th e Context of Scripture. Vol. II: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World, Leiden–Boston 2003

Diogenes Laertios, Żywoty i poglądy słynnych filozofów, tłum. I. Krońska i in., Warszawa 2012

Due B., The Cyropaedia: Xenophon’s Aims and Methods, Aarhus 1990

Eichler G., De Cyrupaediae capite extremo, Leipzig 1880

Farber J.J., The Cyropaedia and Hellenistic Kingship, „Th e American Journal of Philology” 1979, nr 100/4

Gera D.L., Xenophon’s Cyropaedia: Style, Genre, and Literary Technique, Oxford 1993

Gibbon E., Th e History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, t. 3, Cambridge 1994

Głombiowski K., Ksenofont: żołnierz i pisarz, Warszawa 1991

Gondek P., Kanon starożytnego nauczania retoryki, „Zeszyty Naukowe KUL” 2014, nr 4

Gorgiasz, Encomium of Helen, tłum. D.M. MacDowell, Bristol 1982

Hägg T., Th e Art of Biography in Antiquity, Cambridge 2012

Jaeger W., Paideia. Formowanie człowieka greckiego, tłum. H. Bednarek, M. Plezia, Warszawa 2001

Janiszewski P., Stebnicka K., Szabat E., Sofi ści i retorzy greccy w Cesarstwie Rzymskim (I–VII w.), Warszawa 2011

Ksenofont, Agesilaos, tłum. R. Kulesza i in., Warszawa 2014

Ksenofont, Cyropaedia: Th e Education of Cyrus, tłum. H.G. Dakyns, Charleston 2016

Ksenofont, Wychowanie Cyrusa (Cyropaedia), tłum. K. Głombiowski i in., Warszawa 2014

Małecki Z., Król perski Cyrus Wielki i jego rola w historii Izraela, „Saeculum Christianum: pismo historyczno-społeczne” 1997, nr 4/1

Milton J., Prose Writings, red. K.M. Burton, London 1958

Momigliano A., Th e Development of Greek Biography: Expanded Edition, London 1993

Mueller-Goldingen C., Untersuchungen zu Xenophons Kyrupädie, Stuttgart 1995

Munscher K., Xenophon in der grechisch-romischen Literatur, „Philologus Supplementbande” 1920, nr 13/2

Nadon C., Xenophon’s Prince. Republic and Empire and the Cyropaedia, London 2001

Papczyński S., Pisma zebrane, Warszawa 2007

Platon, Prawa, tłum. M. Maykowska, Warszawa 1997


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism