Suburbanization and local governance - positive and negative forms: Olomouc case study

Petr Kladivo, Pavel Roubínek, Zdeněk Opravil, Martina Nesvadbová

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bog-2015-0007

Abstract


Over the previous 15-20 years (in Czech conditions), suburban processes have substantially influenced the appearance and transformation of municipalities on the fringe of larger cities. And it is not only the morphology of the municipality structure (new housing estates and their urban as well as architectural solutions) that has undergone the transformation, but also the functions municipalities have started to fulfil (the development of civic amenities and services). After such a long period of time, we are capable of identifying negative as well as positive impacts of suburban processes on municipalities, and evaluating the role of local actors (with regard to local governance) in the shaping of suburbias and their appearance (the area urban solution, infrastructure, architecture in terms of housing appearance, etc.). We are also capable of assessing new construction sites based on their location or appearance (housing naturally complementing or suitably extending the municipality built-up area, or, on the contrary, a satellite housing estate built “on a greenfield site”), social climate between old residents and newcomers, etc. The goal of the paper is to present the most significant aspects that have had influence on new housing construction in suburban zone municipalities, and to describe differences in the application of the concept of local governance (at the lowest – microregional, or possibly municipal tier) in positively impacted municipalities as compared with those affected rather negatively. Concentrating on the city of Olomouc and its suburban zone in greater detail, the study shall also outline expected future development.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Davoudi, S., Evans, N., Governa, F. and Santengelo, M., 2008: Territorial governance in the making approaches methodologies, practices. In: Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles, Vol. 46, pp. 33-52.

Downs, A., 1999: Some realities about sprawl and urban decline. In: Housing policy debate,Vol. 10 (4), pp. 955-974.

Feiock, R., 2004: Metropolitan governance: Conflict, competition, and cooperation, Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.

Feřtrová, M., Špačková, P. and Ouředníček, M., 2013: Analýza aktérů a problémových aspektů rozhodování při nakládání s územím v suburbánních obcích (Analysis of actors and problematic aspects of decision making processes in territorial management of suburban municipalities – in Czech). In: Ouředníček, M., Špačková, P. and Novák, J. editors, Sub Urbs: Krajina, sídla a lidé, Praha: Academia, pp. 234-256.

Halás, M., 2003: Possibilities for the application of geography to land use planning. In: Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geographica, Vol. 38 (1), pp. 67-77.

Halás, M., Roubínek, P. and Kladivo, P., 2012: Urbánní a suburbánní prostor Olomouce: příspěvek k vymezování, správě a typologii (The urban and suburban space of Olomouc: theoretical approaches, delimitation and typology – in Czech). In: Geografický časopis, Vol. 64(4), pp. 289-310.

Hasse, J.E. and Lathrop, R., G., 2003: Land resources impact indicators of urban sprawl. In: Applied geography, Vol. 23, pp. 159-175.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2003.08.002

John, P., 2001: Local governance in western Europe, London: Sage.

Johnson, M.P., 2001: Environmental impacts of urban sprawl: a survey of the literature and proposed research agenda. In: Environment and Planning A, Vol. 33(4),pp. 717-735. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a3327

Kahn, M.E., 2000: The environmental impact of suburbanisation. In: Journal of policy analysis and management, Vol. 19 (4), pp. 569-586.

Olsen, H.B., 2007: Decentralization and Local Governance, Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. http://www.deza.admin.ch/ressources/resource_en_167288.pdf, DoA: 20.03.2014.

Ouředníček, M., 2007: Differential Suburban Development in the Prague Urban Region. In: Geografiska Annaler: Human Geography 89B, Issue 2, pp. 111-125.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0467.2007.00243.x

Ouředníček, M., Špačková, P. and Novák, J. editors, 2013: Sub Urbs: Krajina, sídla a lidé (Sub Urbs: Landscape, settlements and people – in Czech), Praha: Academia.

Puldová, P. and Ouředníček, M., 2011: Rezidenční suburbanizace (Rezidential suburbanization – in Czech). In: Ouředníček, M., Temelová, J. and Pospíšilová, L. editors, Atlas sociálně prostorové diferenciace České republiky, Praha:Karolinum, pp. 129-136.

Rhodes, R.A. and Bevir, M., 2001: A decentered theory of governance: rational choice, institutionalismand interpretation, Working paper, Institute of governmental studies, Berkley: University of California.

Rumpel, P., Boruta, T., Slach, O., Novák, D., W., Havrlant, J. and Žufan, P., 2011: Komplexní regionální marketing periferního rurálního regionu Jesenicko (Complex regional marketing peripheral rural region Jesenicko – In Czech), Plzeň: Aleš Čeněk.

Sýkora, L., 2003: Suburbanizace a její společenské důsledky (Suburbanization and its social consequences – in Czech). In: Sociologický časopis, Vol. 39 (2), pp. 217–233.

Sýkora, L., editor, 2002: Suburbanizace a její sociální, ekonomické a ekologické důsledky (Suburbanization and its social, economic and ecological consequences – in Czech). Praha: Ústav pro ekopolitiku.

UNDP,2014: Human development report 2014. New York, http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-report-en-1.pdf, DoA: 20.03.2014

United Nations, 2002: Global Campaign on Urban Governance. UN-HABITAT.

Vajdová, Z., Čermák, D. and Illner, M., editors, 2006: Autonomie a spolupráce: důsledky ustavení obecního zřízení v roce 1990 (Autonomy and cooperation: effects of the municipal system established in 1990 – in Czech). In: Sociologické studie, Vol. 6 (2), Praha: Sociologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky.

Van den Berg, L. and Klaassen, L.H., 1986: The contagiousness of urban decline. In: van den Berg, L., Burns, L.S. and Klaassen, L.H. editors, Spatial cycles. Studies in spatial analysis, Aldershot: Gower Publishing, pp. 84-99.








Print ISSN: 1732-4254
Online ISSN: 2083-8298

Partnerzy platformy czasopism