Possibilities of hyperlink application in spatial research

Krzysztof Janc

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/v10089-012-0006-4

Abstract


The main aim of the paper is to show the selected ways of analysing, the possible interpretations and expectations concerning the analyses of hyperlinks in spatial research. The connections existing in cyberspace for selected self-government websites of Lower Silesia were shown to illustrate the issue. The analyses were conducted for selected websites of self-government units at all levels functioning in Lower Silesia. The paper presents two approaches to the analysis of hyperlinks: analysis of outlinks and inlinks. The presented results allow us to identify some regularities regarding the functioning of connections in cyberspace versus the connections in the real world. From the perspective of self-government websites it can be concluded that the connections in cyberspace reflect the real connections. In the majority of the analysed cases there is a clear connection with the actual scope of activity. The remaining relationships with administrative cities reflect the significance of these cities for the functioning of self-government units in the social, economic, legal, and administrative conditions. Based on the conducted analyses it can be concluded that the study of hyperlinks may be useful in understanding the relationships between geographical space and cyberspace. They may form a new, interesting field of spatial research. We also found some challenges in the study of hyperlinks' spatial aspects: the identification of consistent criteria for determining the websites' ‘location in space’, the possibility of interpreting the research results and the dynamics of the Internet.

Keywords


Poland; Lower Silesia; hyperlinks; webometrics; cyberspace

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ackland, R. 2010: WWW hyperlink networks. In: Hansen, D., Shneiderman, B. and Smith, M. A. editors, Analyzing social media networks with NodeXL: insights from a connected World, Burlington: Morgan Kaufmann, pp. 181-199.

Bharat, K., Chang, B., Henzinger, M. and Ruhl, M. 2001: Who links to whom: mining linkage between Web sites. In: Proceedings IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, pp. 51-58.

Brown, L. A. and Holmes, J. 1971: The delimitation of functional regions, and hierarchies by functional distance approaches. In: Journal of Regional Science, 11, 1, pp. 57-72.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9787.1971.tb00240.x

Brunn, S. D. 2005: An e-classification of the World's capital cities: URL references to Web sites. In: Kehal, H. S. and Singh, V. P. editors, Digital economy: impacts, influences and challenges, Hershey: Idea Group Publishing, pp. 200-216.

Brunn, S. D., Devriendt, L., Boulton, A., Derudder, A. and Witlox, F. 2010: Networks of European cities in worlds of global economic and environmental change. In: Fennia, 188, 1, pp. 37-49.

Castells, M. 1996: The rise of the network society, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

Halavais, A. 2000: National borders on the World Wide Web. In: New Media Society, 2, 1, pp. 7-28.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/14614440022225689

Harries, G., Wilkinson, D., Price, L., Fairclough, R. and Thelwall, M. 2004: Hyperlinks as a data source for science mapping. In: Journal of Information Science, 30, 5, pp. 436-447. DOI: 10.1177/0165551504046736.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165551504046736

Heimeriks, G. and van den Besselaar, P. 2006: Analyzing hyperlinks networks: the meaning of hyperlink based indicators of knowledge. In: International Journal of Scientometrics, Informetrics and Bibliometrics, 10, 1, pp. 1-17.

Holmberg, K. 2010: Co-inlinking to a municipal Web space: a webometric and content analysis. In: Scientometrics, 83, pp. 851-862. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-009-0148-1.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11192-009-0148-1

Holmberg, K. and Thelwall, M. 2009: Local government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysis. In: Scientometrics, 79, 1, pp. 157-169. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-009-0410-6.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11192-009-0410-6

Ilnicki, D. and Janc, K. 2009: Topology, nodality and space of internet flows. In: Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis - Geographica, 40, 2, pp. 15-26.

Ingwersen, P. and Björneborn, L. 2005: Methodological issues of webometric studies. In: Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research, part 2, Springer, pp. 339-369.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-2755-9_16

Janc, K. 2011: Geografia hiperlinków - przestrzenny wymiar samorządowych serwisów internetowych. In: Studia Regionalne i Lokalne, 4 (46), Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe SCHOLAR, pp. 30-50.

Lin, J., Halavais, A. and Zhang, B. 2007: The blog network in America: blogs as indicators of relationships among US cities. In: Connections, 27, 2, pp. 15-23.

Maggioni, M. A. and Uberti, T. E. 2009: Knowledge networks across Europe: which distance matters? In: Annals of Regional Science, 43, pp. 691-720. DOI: 10.1007/s00168-008-0254-7.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00168-008-0254-7

Nowak, P. 2008: Bibliometria. Webometria. Podstawy. Wybrane zastosowania., Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM.

Nunes, F. 2006: The Portuguese urban system: an opposition between its hierarchical organization in cyberspace vs. physical space. In: Telematics and Informatics, 23, 2, pp. 74-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.tele.2005.05.001.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2005.05.001

Ortega, J. L. and Aguillo, I. F. 2008a: Linking patterns in European Union countries: geographical maps of the European academic web space. In: Journal of Information Science, 35, 5, pp. 705-714. DOI: 10.1177/0165551507086990.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165551507086990

Ortega, J. L. and Aguillo, I. F. 2008b: Visualization of the Nordic academic web: link analysis using social network tools. In: Information Processing & Management, 44, pp. 1624-1633. DOI: 10.1016/j.ipm.2007.09.010.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2007.09.010

Ortega, J. L. and Aguillo, I. F. 2009: Mapping word-class universities on the web. In: Information Processing & Management, 45, pp. 272-279. DOI: 10.1016/j.ipm.2008.10.001.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2008.10.001

Park, H. W. 2004: Presence of Taiwan on the World Wide Web in South Korea: dynamics of digital and geographical presence on cyberspace. In: The International Information & Library Review, 36, 4, pp. 329-340. DOI: 10.1016/j.iilr.2003.12.001.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iilr.2003.12.001

Park, H. W. 2010: Mapping the e-science landscape in South Korea using the webometrics method. In: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 15, pp. 211-229. DOI: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2010.01517.x.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2010.01517.x

Scharnhorst, A. and Thelwall, M. 2005: Citation and hyperlink networks. In: Current Science, 89, 9, pp. 1518-1524.

Takhteyev, Y., Gruzd, A. and Wellman, B. 2011: Geography of Twitter Networks. In: Social Networks, 34, 1, pp. 73-81. DOI 10.1016/j.socnet.2011.05.006.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2011.05.006

Thelwall, M. 2002a: The top 100 linked-to pages on UK university web sites: high inlink counts are not usually associated with quality scholarly content. In: Journal of Information Science, 28, 6, pp. 483-491. DOI: 10.1177/016555150202800604.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/016555150202800604

Thelwall, M. 2002b: Evidence for the existence of geographic trends in university Web site interlinking. In: Journal of Documentation, 58, 5, pp. 563-574. DOI: 10.1108/00220410210441586.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00220410210441586

Thelwall, M., Tang, R. and Price, L. 2003: Linguistic patterns of academic Web use in Western Europe. In: Scientometrics, 56, 3, pp. 417-432.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022387105904

Tobler, W. L. 1970: A computer movie simulating urban growth in the Detroit Region. In: Economic Geography, 46, Supplement, pp. 234-240.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/143141

Vaughan, L., Kipp, M. E. I. and Gao, Y. 2007: Why are websites co-linked? The case of Canadian universities. In: Scientometrics, 72, 1, pp. 81-92. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-007-1707-y.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11192-007-1707-y








Print ISSN: 1732-4254
Online ISSN: 2083-8298

Partnerzy platformy czasopism