Participatory budgeting: creator or creation of a better place? Evidence from rural Poland

Katarzyna Leśniewska-Napierała, Tomasz Napierała

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/28193

Abstract


The main purpose of the research is to address the real, operational context of participatory budgeting. It is argued that this method of budgeting might be a useful tool for developing various ideas at a local level, including social/spatial justice, civil society, human capital, information society, or sustainable development. However, the implementation of participatory budgeting might, conversely, result from development processes. A combination of quantitative methods (principal component analysis and regression analysis) was applied to define the real motives for local authorities to employ participatory budgeting. To address the research questions mentioned in the paper, all rural communes employing participatory budgeting in Poland in 2017 were investigated. It was confirmed that participatory budgeting is an effect of development processes rather than a tool for achieving development goals. Interestingly, social/spatial injustice might significantly stimulate inhabitants’ engagement in participatory budgeting. On the other hand, the development of information society supports processes related to social involvement, including participatory budgeting.


Keywords


participatory budgeting; rural development; local policy; Poland

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allegretti, G. (2011). From Scepticism to Mutual Support: Towards a Structural Change in the Relations between Participatory Budgeting and the Information and Communication Technologies? In P. Mindus, A. Greppi, and M. Cuono (Eds.), Legitimacy 2.0: E-Democracy and Public Opinion in the Digital Age, 145–182. Frankfurt.

Anheier, H. K. (2013). Civil society: Measurement, evaluation, policy. Civil Society: Measurement, Evaluation, Policy. London: Earthscan.

Aragonès, E., and Sánchez-Pagés, S. (2009). A theory of participatory democracy based on the real case of Porto Alegre. European Economic Review, 53: 56–72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2008.09.006

Axyonova, V., and Bossuyt, F. (2016). Mapping the substance of the EU’s civil society support in Central Asia: From neo-liberal to state-led civil society. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 49(3): 207–217. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2016.06.005

Bǎdescu, G., and Sum, P. E. (2005). Historical legacies, social capital and civil society: Comparing Romania on a regional level. Europe - Asia Studies, 57(1): 117–133.

Balaceanu, C., Apostol, D., and Penu, D. (2012). Sustainability and Social Justice. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 62: 677–681. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.115

Bednarska-Olejniczak, D., and Olejniczak, J. (2016). Participatory budget of Wrocław as an element of Smart City 3.0 concept. XIX. Mezinárodní Kolokvium o Regionálních Vědách. Sborník Příspěvků, 760–766.

BenDavid-Hadar, I. (2016). School finance policy and social justice. International Journal of Educational Development, 46: 166–174. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.10.003

Bernaciak, A., Rzeńca, A., and Sobol, A. (2017). Participatory Budgeting as a Tool of Environmental Improvements in Polish Cities. Economic and Environmental Studies, 17(44): 893–906. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25167/ees.2017.44.16

Bernaciak, A., Springer, A., and Walkowiak, K. (2018). Partycypacja obywatelska w zarządzaniu miastem z perspektywy wielkopolskich burmistrzów (Citizen participation in city management from the perspective of the mayors of Greater Poland). Space - Society - Economy, 24: 105–122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/1733-3180.24.07

Bernhard, M. (1996). Civil Society after the First Transition: Dilemmas of Post-communist Democratization in Poland and Beyond. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 29(3): 309–330. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0967-067x(96)80019-5

Brown, K., Flemsæter, F., and Rønningen, K. (2019). More-than-human geographies of property: Moving towards spatial justice with response-ability. Geoforum, 99: 54–62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.12.012

Cabannes, Y. (2004). Participatory budgeting: a significant contribution to participatory democracy. Environment and Urbanization, 16(1): 27–46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/095624780401600104

Cabannes, Y. (2014). Contribution of Participatory Budgeting to provision and management of basic services Municipal practices and evidence from the field. Environment and Urbanization, 27(1): 257–284.

Carnicelli, S., and Boluk, K. (2017). The promotion of social justice: Service learning for transformative education. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 21: 126–134. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2017.01.003

Castells, M., and Himanen, P. (2003). The Information Society and the Welfare State. The Finish Model. Oxford: Oxford Universit Press.

Chojnicki, Z., Czyż, T., Parysek, J., and Ratajczak, W. (1978). Badania przestrzennej struktury społeczno-ekonomicznej Polski metodami czynnikowymi (Research into the spatial socio-economic structure of Poland with factor methods). Warszawa - Poznań: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.

Chruściński, J., Palińska, I., and Kazak, J. (2014). Participatory Budgeting in the Management of Public Space. Architektura Krajobrazu, 3: 56–67.

Cohen, D., and Soto, M. (2007). Growth and human capital: good data, good results. Journal of Economic Growth, 12: 51–76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10887-007-9011-5

Collins, P., and Chan, H. S. (2009). State capacity building in China: An introduction. Public Administration and Development, 29(1): 1–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pad.521

Dean, R. J. (2017). Beyond radicalism and resignation: The competing logics for public participation in policy decisions. Policy and Politics, 45(2): 213–230. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1332/030557316x14531466517034

Dunteman, G. H. (1989). Principal component analysis. Newburry Park: Sage Publications.

Dz.U. z 2018 r. poz. 130, Ustawa z dnia 11 stycznia 2018 r. o zmianie niektórych ustaw w celu zwiększenia udziału obywateli w procesie wybierania, funkcjonowania i kontrolowania niektórych organów publicznych (Act of 11 January 2018 amending some acts to increase the citizen participation in the process of election, functioning and controlling of certain public bodies). (2018). Kancelaria Sejmu RP.

Džinic, J., Svidronová, M. M., and Markowska-Bzducha, E. (2016). Participatory budgeting: A comparative study of Croatia, Poland and Slovakia. NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy, 9(1): 31–56. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nispa-2016-0002

Evans, A., Strezov, V., and Evans, T. J. (2009). Assessment of sustainability indicators for renewable energy technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13: 1082–1088. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2008.03.008.

Falch, M., and Henten, A. (2000). Digital Denmark: From information society to network society. Telecommunications Policy, 24: 377–394. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0308-5961(00)00028-8

Farrington, J., and Farrington, C. (2005). Rural accessibility, social inclusion and social justice: Towards conceptualisation. Journal of Transport Geography, 13: 1–12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2004.10.002

Friant, M. C. (2017). Sustainability From Below: Participatory Budgeting in Porto Alegre. Quito: Fundacion Terra Sapiens.

Fukuyama, F. (2001). Social capital, civil society and development. Third World Quarterly, 22(1): 7–20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/713701144

Gordon, V. (2014). Participatory Budgeting - Ten Actions to Engage Citizens via Social Media. Bowling Green: Western Kentucky University.

Grabara, J. (2015). The Individuals’ Level of Computer and Internet Use in Polish Information Society in Comparison to European Average. Procedia Economics and Finance, 27: 718–725. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s2212-5671(15)01053-9

Gregorcic, M., and Krasovec, S. (2016). Social and learning practices in participatory democracy process The case study of self-organized communities in Maribor, Slovenia, contextualised through the e-participatory budgeting in Reykjavík, Iceland. Sodobna Pedagogika/Journal of Contemporary Educational Studies, 67(4): 168–182.

Gulbe, M. (2015). Quantitative Characteristics of Information Society and ICT Industry in Latvia. Procedia Economics and Finance, 26: 682–687. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s2212-5671(15)00810-2

He, B. (2011). Civic engagement through participatory budgeting in China: Three different logics at work. Public Administration and Development, 31: 122–133. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pad.598

Heinrich, V. F. (2005). Studying civil society across the world: Exploring the Thorny issues of conceptualization and measurement. Journal of Civil Society, 1(3): 211–228. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17448680500484749

Henten, A., and Kristensen, T. M. (2000). Information society visions in the Nordic countries. Telematics and Informatics, 17: 77–103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0736-5853(99)00028-3

Hersh, M. A. (2003). Ethical Analysis of the Information Society. IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 36(22): 81–86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474-6670(17)37697-8

Hickey, S., and Mohan, G. (2004). Participation: From tyranny to transformation? Exploring new approaches to participation in development. Participation: From tyranny to transformation? Zed Books.

Huang, C.-L. (2016). Civil Society and the Politics of Engagement. In Y. Chu, L. Diamond, and K. Templeman (Eds.), Taiwan’s Democracy Challenged: The Chen Shui-bian Years, 195–217. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Innes, J. E., and Booher, D. E. (2004). Reframing public participation: Strategies for the 21st century. Planning Theory and Practice, 5(4): 419–436. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1464935042000293170

Isăilă, N. (2012). Social Inclusion in the Context of Informational Society. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46: 1006–1009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.239

Ishiyama, J., Mezvrishvili, L., and Zhgenti, N. (2018). An oasis of democracy in an authoritarian sea? Civil society, social, and institutional trust in Georgia. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 51: 19–26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2018.01.005

Jolliffe, I. T. (2002). Principal component analysis. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Kaitatzi-Whitlock, S. (2000). A ‘redundant information society’ for the European Union? Telematics and Informatics, 17: 39–75. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0736-5853(99)00027-1

Kalaitzidakis, P., Mamuneas, T. P., Savvides, A., and Stengos, T. (2001). Measures of human capital and nonlinearities in economic growth. Journal of Economic Growth, 6: 229–254. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1011347816503

Kalisiak-Mędelska, M. (2016). Budżet obywatelski w Polsce. Analiza porównawcza Łodzi i Poznania (Participatory budgeting in Poland. Comparative analysis of Łódź and Poznań). Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego We Wrocławiu, 443: 103–114. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15611/pn.2016.443.10

Kates, R., Parris, T., and Leiserowitz, A. (2005). What is sustainable development? Goals, indicators, values, and practice. Environment, 47(3): 8–21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00139157.2005.10524444

Kębłowski, W. (2013). Budżet partycypacyjny, krótka instrukcja obsługi (Participatory budget, short manual). Warszawa: Instytut Obywatelski.

Kębłowski, W., and Van Criekingen, M. (2014). Participatory budgeting Polish-style. What kind of policy practice has travelled to Sopot, Poland? In Hope for Democracy: 25 Years of Participatory Budgeting Worldwide, 369–377.

Kohler-Koch, B., and Quittkat, C. (2009). What is civil society and who represents civil society in the EU?-Results of an online survey among civil society experts. Policy and Society, 28(1): 11–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polsoc.2009.02.002

Kono, J., Ostermeyer, Y., and Wallbaum, H. (2018). Investigation of regional conditions and sustainability indicators for sustainable product development of building materials. Journal of Cleaner Production, 196: 1356–1364. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.06.057

Kooiman, N., Latten, J., and Bontje, M. (2018). Human Capital Migration: A Longitudinal Perspective. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, 109(5): 644–660. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/tesg.12324

Kopecký, P., and Mudde, C. (2003). Rethinking civil society. Democratization, 10(3): 1–14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13510340312331293907

Kotus, J. (2013). Position of the Polish city on the ladder of public participation: Are we going the right way? The case of Poznań. Cities, 35: 226–236. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2013.08.001

Kotus, J., and Sowada, T. (2015). Rola stowarzyszeń lokalnych w procesie partycypacji społecznej w zarządzaniu miastem. Przykład Poznania (The role of local NGOs in the process of social participation in the city management. Case of Poznań). Poznań: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe.

Kozak, M. (2016). Zwiększanie partycypacji społecznej w planowaniu przestrzeni: polskie doświadczenia (Increasing social participation in spatial planning: Polish experience). Polish Journal for Sustainable Development, 20: 131–136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15584/pjsd.2016.20.14

Kurdyś-Kujawska, A., Zawadzka, D., Kwiatkowski, G., and Rosiński, R. (2017). Participatory Budgeting in Polish Cities: Funds’ Allocation Mechanism. In A. Bem, A. Daszyńska-Żygadło, T. Hajdikova, and P. Juhasz (Eds.), Finance and Sustainability, 107–120. Wrocław: Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92228-7_10

Kwiatkowski, M. (2017). Partycypacyjny model rewitalizacji i jego przeciwnicy. In D. Bazuń and M. Kwiatkowski (Eds.), Rewitalizacja. Podejście partycypacyjne, 15–32. Warszawa: Oficyna Naukowa.

Lai, L. W. C., Chau, K. W., and Cheung, P. A. C. W. (2018). Urban renewal and redevelopment: Social justice and property rights with reference to Hong Kong’s constitutional capitalism. Cities, 74: 240–248. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2017.12.010

Leśniewska-Napierała, K. (2019). Budżet obywatelski jako nowy instrument partycypacji społecznej na obszarach wiejskich w Polsce (Participatory budgeting as a new instrument of social participation in Poland’s rural areas). Studia Obszarów Wiejskich, 2019(53): 77–93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7163/sow.53.6

Letki, N. (2004). Socialization for participation? Trust, membership, and democratization in east-central Europe. Political Research Quarterly, 57(4): 665–679. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3219827

Li, Y., Wang, X., Westlund, H., and Liu, Y. (2015). Physical Capital, Human Capital, and Social Capital: The Changing Roles in China’s Economic Growth. Growth and Change, 46(1): 133–149. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/grow.12084

Madanipour, A., Shucksmith, M., Talbot, H., and Crawford, J. (2017). RELOCAL. Resituating the Local in Cohesion and Territorial Development: Deliverable 1.1 Conceptual Framework for the Project. Joensuu. Available at: https://relocal.eu/wp-content/uploads/sites/8/2018/07/Deliverable-1.1.pdf (1.03.2019).

Majorek, A. (2018). The Impact of Changes in Methodology of Participatory Budgeting of Dąbrowa Górnicza on the Quality of Selected Projects. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego We Wrocławiu, 502: 95–103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15611/pn.2018.502.09

Misuraca, G., Codagnone, C., and Rossel, P. (2013). From Practice to Theory and back to Practice: Reflexivity in Measurement and Evaluation for Evidence-based Policy Making in the Information Society. Government Information Quarterly, 30: 68–82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2012.07.011

Mokline, A. (2018). Criminality, Human Capital and Economic Performance. Business and Economic Research, 8(4): 130–142. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ber.v8i4.13948

Oketch, M. O. (2006). Determinants of human capital formation and economic growth of African countries. Economics of Education Review, 25(5): 554–564. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2005.07.003

Pasha, O. (2018). Social justice implications of municipal transportation apportionments in Massachusetts: A case of disparate impact. Transport Policy, 72: 109–115. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2018.10.001

Passetti, E., and Cinquini, L. (2014). A Comparative Analysis of Human Capital Disclosure in Annual Reports and Sustainability Reports. In Value Creation, Reporting, and Signaling for Human Capital and Human Assets. Building the Foundation for a Multi-Didciplinary, Multi_Level Theory, 213–248. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137472069_8

Pietrusińska, M. (2017). Participatory budget as a potential of citizenship education for the adults. Case of Warsaw, Poland. Pedagogika Społeczna, 3(65): 153–170.

Piotrowski, M., Dzieżyc, H., Adamczyk-Mucha, K., Walter, E., and Ziemiańska, M. (2013). Analysis of the Voting Results from the Wrocław Participatory Budgeting in 2013. Architektura Krajobrazu, 68–77.

Polat, F. (2011). Inclusion in education: A step towards social justice. International Journal of Educational Development, 31: 50–58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13603110600871413

Polko, A. (2015). Models of participatory budgeting – the case study of Polish city. Journal of Economics and Management, 19(1): 34–44.

Primmer, E., and Kyllönen, S. (2006). Goals for public participation implied by sustainable development, and the preparatory process of the Finnish National Forest Programme. Forest Policy and Economics, 8(8): 838–853. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2005.01.002

Putnam, R. D. (2001). Social Capital: Measurement and Consequences. Canadian Journal of Policy Research, 2: 41–51.

Satyal, P. (2018). Civil society participation in REDD+ and FLEGT processes: Case study analysis from Cameroon, Ghana, Liberia and the Republic of Congo. Forest Policy and Economics, 97; 83–96. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2018.09.012

Schugurensky, D. (2017). Social pedagogy meets local democracy: Examining the possibilities and limits of participatory budgeting. Pedagogika Społeczna, 3(65): 9–32.

Sdoukopoulos, A., Pitsiava-Latinopoulou, M., Basbas, S., and Papaioannou, P. (2019). Measuring progress towards transport sustainability through indicators: Analysis and metrics of the main indicator initiatives. Transportation Research Part D(67): 316–333. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2018.11.020

Shah, A. (Ed.). (2007). Participatory Budgeting. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.

Sidorkin, A. M. (2017). Human Capital and Innovations in Education. In A. M. Sidorkin and M. K. Warford (Eds.), Reforms and Innovation in Education Implications for the Quality of Human Capital, 127–140. Cham: Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60246-2_8

Siemiński, W. (2007). Cele i zasady partycypacji społecznej w planowaniu przestzrennym – przegląd literatury (Goals and principles of social participation in spatial planning – literature review). Człowiek i Środowisko, 31(1–2): 37–59.

Sintomer, Y., Herzberg, C., and Röcke, A. (2008). Participatory budgeting in Europe: Potentials and challenges. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 32(1): 164–178. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2008.00777.x

Sobol, A., and Rzeńca, A. (2018). Budżet partycypacyjny jako narzędzie polityki rozwoju małych miast województwa śląskiego i łódzkiego (Participatory Budgeting as a Tool of Development Policy of Small Towns – Analysis of Towns in Śląsk and Łódź Voivodeships). Space - Society - Economy, 24: 91–104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/1733-3180.24.06

Souza, C. (2001). Participatory budgeting in Brazilian cities: limits and possibilities in building democratic institutions. Environment and Urbanization, 13(1): 159–184. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/095624780101300112

Stewart, S., and Dollbaum, J. M. (2017). Civil society development in Russia and Ukraine: Diverging paths. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 50: 207–220. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2017.08.001

Stijns, J. P. (2006). Natural resource abundance and human capital accumulation. World Development, 34(6): 1060–1083. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.11.005

Strzelecki, A. (2018). The Development of Participation Budget in the Civic Society of Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodship. Law and Administration in Post-Soviet Europe, I: 52–63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/lape-2018-0006

Stypułkowski, W. (2012). Aktywność obywatelska–pojęcie, pomiar i jej wpływ na rozwój regionalny (Civic participation – concept, measurement and the influence on regional development). Zeszyty Naukowe WSEI Seria: Ekonomia, 5(2): 157–187.

Szopik-Depczyńska, K., Cheba, K., Bąk, I., Stajniak, M., Simboli, A., and Ioppolo, G. (2018). The study of relationship in a hierarchical structure of EU sustainable development indicators. Ecological Indicators, 90: 120–131. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.03.002

Tănase, G. L. (2013). An Overall Analysis of Participatory Budgeting Advantages and Essential Factors for an Effective Implementation in Economic Entities. Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business and Economics, 2013: 1–12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5171/2013.201920

Tasaki, T., and Kameyama, Y. (2015). Sustainability Indicators: Are We Measuring What We Ought to Measure? Global Environmental Research, 19: 147–154.

Tibaijuka, A. K. (Ed.). (2008). Participatory Budgeting in Africa: A Training Companion with Cases from Eastern and Southern Africa. United Nations Human Settlements Programme and Municipal Development Partnership for Eastern and Southern Africa.

Wampler, B. (2000). A Guide to Participatory Budgeting. In A. Shah (Ed.), Participatory Budgeting, 21–54. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.

Weber, R., Crum, T., and Salinas, E. (2015). The civics of community development: participatory budgeting in Chicago. Community Development, 46(3): 261–278. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15575330.2015.1028081

Zamboni, Y. (2007). Participatory budgeting and local governance: an evidence-based evaluation of participatory budgeting experiences in Brazil. Participatory Budgeting and Local Governance. Bristol: Bristol University.

Zvárová, J., and Přibı́k, V. (2002). Information society in Czech healthcare ‘starting point’ to prognosis for the year 2013. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 66: 59–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1386-5056(02)00037-0

Zwick, W. R., and Velicer, W. F. (1982). Factors influencing four rules for determining the number of components to retain. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 17: 253–269. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr1702_5








Print ISSN: 1732-4254
Online ISSN: 2083-8298

Partnerzy platformy czasopism