Demographic implications of transiting from segregation to integration: a focus on education issues in Buffalo City, South Africa

Pakama Siyongwana, Nelson Chanza

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/21002

Abstract


The study aims at interrogating the transformation of education in Buffalo City following integration of East London with its black townships. This paper is largely framed from a quantitative paradigm that draws from statistical data in linking population changes with educational patterns in the study area. Census data was used to trace population changes in post-apartheid South Africa, while performance in education was informed by matriculation results. Quantitative data were complemented with key informants’ qualitative opinions. The results indicate that the quality of education in former “white” schools is better than that of “township” schools. There are several pull factors that attract township learners to former white schools, albeit with integration challenges. The study concludes that if these challenges are masked to education planners and policy makers, they militate against the envisioned liberalisation of the democratic education system.


Keywords


apartheid, education, integration, matriculation, migration, Buffalo City

Full Text:

PDF

References


Beall, J., Crankshaw, O. and Parnell, S., 2002: Uniting a divided city: Governance and social exclusion in Johannesburg. London: Earthscan.

Braun, V. and Clarke, V. 2006: Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology, Vol. 3(2), 77-101.

Bwalya, J., 2011: Desegregation and socio-spatial integration in residential suburbs in East London, South Africa (1993-2008), Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Fort Hare, Alice.

Carnoy, M. and Chisholm, L., 2008: Towards understanding student academic performance in South Africa: A pilot study of Grade 6 mathematics lessons in South Africa. Report prepared for the Spencer Foundation. Pretoria: HSRC.

Christopher, A.J., 1995: Regionalisation and ethnicity of South Africa, Area, Vol. 1 (27): 1-11.

Cloete, J.S. and Massey, R.T., 2017: Seshego: unexpected suburb, South African Geographical Journal, Vol. 99 (2): 152-166.

Crankshaw, O. and Parnell, S., 1996: Housing provision and the need for an urbanisation policy for South Africa. Urban forum, Vol. 7 (2): 232-237

De Kadt, J., 2009: Education and Injustice in South Africa. Education and Injustice, 26-30. Available at: https://hsf.org.za/publications/focus/focus-55-november-2009-images-of-justice/education-and-injustice [accessed 10 May 2019].

Department of Provincial Affairs and Constitutional Development, 1998: White Paper on Local government (Government Gazette, No 18739), Pretoria.

Demacon. 2010: The impact of township shopping centres. Market research findings and recommendations. Report to urban land mark. www.urbanlandmark.org.za

Donaldson, R. and Du Plessis, D., 2013: The urban renewal programme as an area-based approach to renew townships: The experience from Kayelitsha’s Central Business District, Cape Town. Habitat internation, Vol. 39, 295-301

Donaldson, R., Mehlomakhulu, T. Darkey, D. Dyssel, M. and Siyongwana, P., 2013: Relocation. To be or not be a black diamond in a South African township? Habitat International, Vol. 39 (July), 114–118.

Department of Education, 2010: Amended National Norms and Standards School Funding. Pretoria: Government Printers.

Hannah-Jones, N., 2016: Choosing a school for my daughter in a segregated city. The New York Times Magazine.

Lemon, A., 1995: Education in Post-apartheid South Africa: some lessons from Zimbabwe. Comparative Education, Vol. 31 (1): 101-114.

Lemon, A., 2004: Redressing School Inequalities in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Southern African Studies, 30:2, 269-290, DOI:10.1080/0305707042000215392

Marais, L. and Ntema, L., 2013: The upgrading of an informal settlement in South Africa: Two decades onwards. Urban Forum, Vol. 24 (3), 357–371.

Marais, L. and Krige, S., 1999: Post-apartheid housing policy and initiatives in South Africa. Urban Forum, Vol. 10 (2): 115-136

Marais, L., Nel, E. Rogerson, C., 2006: Manufacturing in the former homeland areas of South Africa: the example of Free State Province. Urban Forum DOI:10.4314/ai.v35i4.22453

Marais, L., Ntema, J. Cloete, J. Rani. K, Lemka, M., 2016: Reinforcing housing assets in the Wrong Location: The case of Botshabelo. Urban Forum. Vol. 27 (3): 347-362.

McKeever, M., 2017: Educational Inequality in Apartheid South Africa. American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 61 (1): 114–131.

Mhlekude, Z., 2013: Assessment of the Impact of the Mdantsane Urban Renewal Programme on the Lives and Livelihoods of Beneficiaries (2001-2011): The Case of the Eastern Cape Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality. Unpublished Master’s Dissertation. University of Fort Hare, Alice.

Ntema, J. and Von Rooyen, D., 2016: Journal of Public Administration, Redressing spatial inequalities and underdevelopment in a former R293 town: the case of Winterveld, South Africa, No 1, pp.136-153.

Parnell, S. and Crankshaw, O., 2013: The politics of ‘Race’ and the transformation of the post-apartheid space economy. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment. Vol. 28 (4), 589–603.

Pienaar, R. and Mckay., 2014: Mapping socio-economic status, geographical location and matriculation pass rates in Gauteng, South Africa. Perspective in education, Vol. 32(1)

Republic of South Africa. 1995a: Urban development strategy. Pretoria: Government Printer. Republic of South Africa.

Republic of South Africa. 1995b: Urban development strategy. Pretoria: Government Printer. Republic of South Africa.

Republic of South Africa, Bantu Education Act. 1953: Pretoria: Government printer.

Rosiek, J., 2019: School segregation: A realist’s view. The professional journal for educators, DOI:10.1177/0031721719827536

Siyongwana, P.Q. and Chanza, N., 2016: Interrogating the post-apartheid socio-economic transformation in Mdantsane. GeoJournal, Vol. 04/2016; DOI:10.1007/s10708-016-9714-2.

Spinks, C., 2001: A new apartheid? Urban spatiality, (fear of) crime, and segregation in Cape Town, South Africa. Working Paper 01–20, Development Studies Institute, London School of Economics, 42 pages. Available online at: http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/DESTIN/pdf/WP20.pdf [accessed 9 April 2019].

StatsSA, 1996: Statistics South Africa. Pretoria: Government Printer. StatsSA.

StatsSA, 2014: Statistics South Africa. Pretoria: Government Printer. StatsSA.

Tomlinson, R. and Krige, S., 2002: Botshabelo: Coping with the consequences of urban apartheid, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 21 (4): 691 - 705

The Development Facilitation Act (Act 67 of 1995): Pretoria: Government Printer. Republic of South Africa.

The National Development Plan, 2012: Republic of South Africa. Pretoria: Government Printers.

The South African Constitution, 1996: Government Printer, Pretoria

The Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act (Act 16 of 2013): Pretoria: Department of Rural Development and Land Reforms.

Visser, G. and Rogerson, C. M., 2014: Reflections on 25 years of urban forum. Urban Forum, Vol. 25(1), 1–11. doi:10.1007/s12132-014-9227-3.








Print ISSN: 1732-4254
Online ISSN: 2083-8298

Partnerzy platformy czasopism