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Author Guidelines

Editorial Note

Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series

In order to facilitate publication, the authors are kindly requested to submit texts written according to the rules presented below.

The articles are published after positive double-blind peer review provided by minimum two subject experts. You are asked to submit of  the article via on line system: via electronic platform.

In case of any problems or questions please contact the editorial office: Professor Daniela Szymańska

Faculty of Earth Sciences , Nicolas Copernicus University Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, POLAND, bgss@u

The journal does not have article processing charges (APCs) nor article submission charges.

The  title page

The title page should only contain the title without the author's name, and then the text should be formatted according to the rules.

A separate sheet of paper should include a) the author's name, surname and ORCID, b) the full name and address of the institution, c) the telephone, fax, and e-mail addresses, d) the annotation that the article has not been published before and is in accordance with our anti-ghostwriting policy (with signature), e) information about financial support for the preparation of the article (grants or other sponsorships). If there are several authors you are asked to indicate the main author responsible for correspondence. If the main author has not been indicated, the first listed will play that role.

The  main text

The manuscript should be typed in a word processor (doc and rtf files accepted), in A4 format with standard margins and spacing for Times New Roman size 12 font. The article must be divided into the following sections: introduction (background), material and research methods, results, conclusions, references. The entire article (with the abstract, the table of contents, main text, references, notes and acknowledgements) should not exceed 30,000 characters with spaces. Include all illustrations in separate *.tif or *.cdr files.

The article should be preceded by an abstract of I00-150 words and four to seven keywords, for instance: migration, urbanisation, industrialisation, etc.

Tables and figures should be places at the end of the manuscript and the authors should clearly indicate where they should fit in the text.

Do not use footnotes. If necessary number them in the text (1 ), (2), and insert the Notes section on the last page just before the References. You may include Acknowledgements below Notes.

Each author's contribution to the article should be noted: C - research concept , D - data collection and statistical analysis , F - figures and tables creation, P - photography, M - manuscript preparation, R - references section.

The articles are accepted in good English only. General rules for text writing and editing of the American Psychological Association apply, APA Style. Prior to publication all accepted articles must be approved by the Committee for Language Consultation (including native speakers) and if need be corrected texts should be submitted to the editors again. The spelling should follow the Oxford English Dictionary or PWN-Oxford English-Polish Dictionary.

Tables, figures, illustrations, and photographs

The tables should be numbered using Arabic numbers, and the title must be placed above the table. If footnotes are needed, the authors should mark them with letters a, b, c, etc., and place them below the tables. Footnotes, symbols, sources, etc., should be written under the tables in Times New Roman font, size 8, and in italics.

The figures should be marked as 'Fig.', and such an expression must be used in the text. They should be numbered using Arabic numbers. The illustrations should be of such quality that the editor would not have to correct that (computer generated - CorelDRAW or equivalent): 300 dpi and above 300 resolution. Uncompressed images, e.g. *.tif or *.cdr format, are preferred. Do not merge illustrations with the text as word processors deteriorate images to less than 200 dpi. Should you e-mail the article, make sure you provide all illustrations in separate files.

Authors should place the title of the illustration below the illustration with the symbols and the source, etc., all written in size 8 font, in italics.


The text should quote the authors, the year of publication and the page (if it is a citation), e.g. (Jerczyński, 1977: 35), and the full credits should be included in the References at the end of the main text. Should the same author and year re-occur, the letters a, b, c, etc., must be added.

An example:

Chodkowska-Miszczuk, J. Szymańska, D.   (2011).   Update   of   the   review: Cultivation   of   energy   crops   in   Poland   against   socio-demographic   factors.  Renewable  and  Sustainable  Energy  Reviews, 15(9): 4242-4247. DOI:

Szymańska, D. (2002). Some issues of urbanization in Poland in the second half of the twentieth century (in Polish). In J. Słodczyk (Ed.). Przemiany bazy ekonomicznej i struktury przestrzennej miast, 53-69, Publisher of the University of Opole.

Szymańska, D. Biegańska, J. (2012). Infrastructure's and ousing's development in the rural areas in Poland - some problems. Journal of Infrastructure Development, 4(1): 1-17. DOI:

Szymańska, D. Chodkowska-Miszczuk, J. (2011). Endogenous resources utilization of rural areas in shaping sustainable development in Poland. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(3): 1497–1501. DOI:

Szymańska, D. Matczak, A. (2002). Urbanization in Poland: Tendencies and transformation. European Urban and Regional Studies, 9(1): 39–46. DOI:


Internet database and digital sources must also be precisely identified and a Date of Access (DoA) together with a domain must be provided. If the article/book has DOI number, the author should include it in the references. Accuracy and completeness of references are the responsibilities of the author.

The properly prepared, complete and correct references allow automatic creation of active link by the PubFactory technology that is used for making the electronic version of our journal. Active reference linking is regarded as the greatest benefit of electronic publishing and it adds a great deal of value to your publication.


voivodship - administrative region of the 1st order

poviat - administrative region of the 2"d order

gmina - administrative region of the 3'd order

General remarks

Articles are accepted for consideration on the understanding that they are not being submitted elsewhere and are in accordance with our anti-ghost­ writing policy.

In order to expedite the editing and publishing process and enable to disseminate your contribution to the fullest extent, we need to have this Copyright Transfer Agreement signed and returned.

Anti-ghostwriting policy

To provide the highest quality scientific publication and meet the Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series standards of quality the Editorial Board has introduced an anti-ghostwriting policy. Since the ' ghostwriting' and ' guest authorship ' are an indication of scientific dishonesty they will not be accepted and any cases will be exposed. For details see: http://public


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. This text has not been previously published and/or submitted in another publishing house.
  2. The file is saved in Microsoft Word (doc) or RTF format.
  3. The text of the publication is in Times New Roman (12-point font size), spacing 1,5 (for long block quotations: Times New Roman 11 and spacing 1,0).
  4. Possible sources of the work funding are listed in the publication in a place required by editorial rules. In the submitted work there appear no ghostwriting, guest-authorship and/or conflict of interest. The author is acquainted with the current procedures of texts’ reviewing in the journal.
  5. The author agrees to the terms and conditions of the License Agreement with Nicolaus Copernicus University. The content of the agreement is available HERE. With regard to the joint publication, the author submitting an article for publication fills in a statement concerning the percentage contribution, in which the contributions of particular co-authors in the submitted text are given. The content of the work is known to all its authors who give permission for it to be published. The completed statement must be uploaded as an additional file along with the article.

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