An Analysis of Key Factors Affecting New Town Planning With A Human-Centered Approach
Since the New towns are to meet the needs of the metropolitan population, it is required to acquaint the populations with the new scientific-technical methods and take one more step towards civilization. Given that the New town seeks to provide the latest facilities for citizens, a human-oriented approach can be proposed. New Urbanism with a humanistic approach requires coherent and dynamic planning. New structures and the various needs of the new towns require comprehensive and integrated planning to utilize recent facilities to lead new towns toward a human-centered attitude.
Aim. Therefore, the main purpose of this study has been intended to be analyzing the key factors affecting the planning of New town with a humanistic approach. The method in this research is a descriptive-analytical survey. In the first step of the research, a list of primary factors involved in planning new cities were identified as research variables, using documentary sources and previous research. Then the research variables have been analyzed based on the Delphi method. Accordingly 34 variables have been provided in 5 domains for 50 experts in urban planning issues in the form of questionnaires to be analyzed in matrices.
Results and conclusions. The findings of the study are demonstrated in five aspects including cultural-social, physical-spatial, economical, environmental, and governance topics with thirty four components. The results show that citizenship rights, social capital, transparency, accountability, law, participation, consensus, quality of performance and managerial effectiveness, efficiency, economic welfare, sustainable active economy, meeting economic needs, quality of texture, and spirituality have the highest impact and the lowest affectedness on the realization of human-centered New Urbanism. The results can be useful and effective by establishing integrity and fundamental theoretical principles in planning, implementation and strategic control of New towns.
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