How transport offer affect transit ridership in railway transport system in postosocialist country? A case study of Poland.
Keywordspublic transportation systems, railway transport, transit offer, transport systems, Poland.
The study examines factors influencing the number of rail passengers in Poland. The subjects of observation were 62 cities with poviat rights. We developed an original indicator - weighted number of connections - which takes into account the number of rail connections and the speed of trains. The relationship between the indicator and the daily passenger volume was examined. We identified a large spatial differentiation of the transport offer and a strong differentiation of the passenger number indicator. The train speeds are highest on the most important routes. The main traffic generators are the largest urban centres. Some highly populated cities do not generate large traffic flows. There are three levels of city hierarchy according to the passenger number indicator:  Warsaw,  the largest agglomerations  other regional cities. The main factors influencing demand are the number of connections and the speed of trains.
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