The concept of technological proximity in the development of European Union national innovative systems
Keywordsnational innovative systems, technological proximity, technological proximity index, revealed comparative advantages
Development of the national innovative systems is designated to solve a number of issues: from decrease in socio-economic inequality in countries and regions to creation of favorable environment for occurrence of new high-tech productions and diversification of industrial composition. Determination of possibilities for expanding a set of innovative types of economic activity must be scientifically substantiated since significant financial, material and human resources may be consumed for creation and support of new economic sectors in the frames of the state policy.
Made in this article is an effort to create a mechanism for revealing of promising trends in development of the innovative economic sphere with account of comparative advantages in commodity composition of export through determination of technological proximity indicators. The purpose of the article is to substantiate a possibility of using the concept of technological proximity for development of the national innovative systems.
The technological proximity indicators based on the revealed comparative advantages (RCA) of countries by commodity groups of export were used in the study. A matrix of technological proximity in the industrial fields (at a six-unit level) for 28 countries of the European Union in 2007-2018 was made.
The obtained results made it possible to reveal comparative advantages by groups of the high-tech products in EU countries in real time. The analysis of technological proximity in the industrial sector has shown the types of economic activity connected with the innovative sector, based on which a degree of countries' participation in manufacture of high-tech products was determined.The proposed mechanism can be used at development and implementation of the national and regional policy in the sphere of innovative systems, since it allows determining the promising areas for creation and support of new high-tech productions
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., & Robinson, J. A., 2001: The colonial origins of comparative development: An empirical investigation. American economic review, 91(5), pp. 1369-1401. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.91.5.1369
Aghion, P., & Howitt, P., 1990: A model of growth through creative destruction (No. w3223). National Bureau of Economic Research. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3386/w3223
Auzan A. A., 2015: Path dependence problem: the evolution of approaches. Moscow University Economics Bulletin 6(1), pp. 2-17.
Balassa, B., 1965: Trade liberalisation and “revealed” comparative advantage 1. The manchester school, 33(2), pp. 99-123.
Bathelt, H., & Boggs, J. S., 2003: Toward a reconceptualization of regional development paths: is Leipzig's media cluster a continuation of or a rupture with the past? Economic geography, 79(3), pp. 265-293. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-8287.2003.tb00212.x
Boschma, R., & Frenken, K., 2011: 14 Technological relatedness, related variety and economic geography. Handbook of regional innovation and growth, pp. 187.
Boschma, R., Minondo, A., & Navarro, M., 2012: Related variety and regional growth in Spain. Papers in Regional Science, 91(2), pp. 241-256. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1435-5957.2011.00387.x
Breschi, S., & Malerba, F., 2001: The geography of innovation and economic clustering: some introductory notes. Industrial and corporate change, 10(4), pp. 817-833.
Cooke, Philip., 1992: Regional innovation systems: competitive regulation in the New Europe. Geoforum 23 (3), pp. 365–382. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7185(92)90048-9
Cooke, P., & Morgan, K., 1999: The associational economy: firms, regions, and innovation. OUP Catalogue.
Edward Elgar, Cheltenham; Glaeser EL, Kallal HD, Schinkmann JA, Shleifer A., 1992: Growth in cities. Journal of Political Economy 100, pp. 1126–1152.
Engerman, S. L., & Sokoloff, K. L., 1997: Factor endowments, institutions, and differential paths of growth among new world economies. How Latin America Fell Behind, pp. 260-304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3386/h0066
Engerman, S. L., & Sokoloff, K. L., 2002: Factor endowments, inequality, and paths of development among new world economics (No. w9259). National Bureau of Economic Research. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3386/w9259
Frenken K, van Oort FG, Verburg T., 2007: Related variety, unrelated variety and regional economic growth. Regional Studies 41: pp. 685–697. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343400601120296
Frenken, K., & Boschma, R. A., 2007: A theoretical framework for evolutionary economic geography: industrial dynamics and urban growth as a branching process. Journal of economic geography, 7(5), pp. 635-649. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbm018
Hatzichronoglou, T., 1997: Revision of the high-technology sector and product classification. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1787/050148678127
Hausmann, R., & Hidalgo, C. A., 2011: The network structure of economic output. Journal of Economic Growth, 16(4), pp. 309-342. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10887-011-9071-4
He, C., & Zhu, S., 2019: How to Jump Further? Path Dependence and Path-Breaking in an Uneven Industry Space. In Evolutionary Economic Geography in China, pp. 251-280. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978–981–13–3447–4_12
Heindl, A. B., 2020: Separate frameworks of regional innovation systems for analysis in China? Conceptual developments based on a qualitative case study in Chongqing. Geoforum, 115, pp. 34-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2020.06.016
Helpman, E., & Krugman, P. R., 1985: Market structure and foreign trade: Increasing returns, imperfect competition, and the international economy. MIT press.
Henderson, J. V., Kuncoro, A., Turner, M., 1995: Industrial development in cities, Journal of Political Economy, 103, pp. 1067–85
Hidalgo CA, Klinger B, Barabási AL, Hausmann R., 2007: The product space conditions the development of nations. Science 31: pp. 482–487. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1144581
Iammarino, S., Rodríguez-Pose, A., & Storper, M., 2019: Regional inequality in Europe: evidence, theory and policy implications. Journal of economic geography, 19(2), pp. 273-298. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lby021
Kogler, D. F., Essletzbichler, J., & Rigby, D. L., 2017: The evolution of specialization in the EU15 knowledge space. Journal of Economic Geography, 17(2), pp. 345-373. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbw024
Kovalev, Y. Y., 2016: Innovations in the World economy: concepts, development indicators.
La Porta, R., Lopez‐de‐Silanes, F., Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. W., 1997: Legal determinants of external finance. The journal of finance, 52(3), pp. 1131-1150 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6261.1997.tb02727.x
La Porta, R. L., Lopez-de-Silanes, F., Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. W., 1998: Law and finance. Journal of political economy, 106(6), pp. 1113-1155. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/250042
Levy, F., & Murnane, R. J., 2012: The new division of labor: How computers are creating the next job market. Princeton University Press.
Liebowitz, S. J., & Margolis, S. E., 1999: Path dependence. Encyclopedia of law and economics.
Mahoney, J., 2000: Path dependence in historical sociology. Theory and society, 29(4), pp. 507-548. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3108585
Mahoney, J., 2001: The legacies of liberalism: Path dependence and political regimes in Central America. JHU Press
March, J. G., 1991: Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organization science, 2(1), pp. 71-87. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.2.1.71
Martin, R., & Sunley, P., 2006: Path dependence and regional economic evolution. Journal of economic geography, 6(4), pp. 395-437. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbl012
Meyer-Stamer, J., 1998: Path dependence in regional development: persistence and change in three industrial clusters in Santa Catarina, Brazil. World development, 26(8), pp. 1495-1511. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(98)00072-2
Neffke, F., Henning, M., & Boschma, R., 2011: How do regions diversify over time? Industry relatedness and the development of new growth paths in regions. Economic geography, 87(3), pp. 237-265.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-8287.2011.01121.x
Norton, R. D., 1979: City life-cycles and American urban policy. New York: Academic Press; Marshall A Principles of economics. Macmillan, London
Page, S. E., 2006: Path dependence. Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 1(1), pp. 87-115. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1561/100.00000006
Pierson, P., 2011: Politics in time: History, institutions, and social analysis. Princeton University Press
Porter, M., 2003: The economic performance of regions. Regional studies, 37(6-7), pp. 549-578. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0034340032000108688
Rastvortseva, S., 2020: Innovative path of the regional economy’s departure from the previous path-dependent development trajectory. Economy of region 16 (1), pp. 28-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17059/2020-1-3
Rigby, D. L., & Essletzbichler, J., 1997: Evolution, process variety, and regional trajectories of technological change in US manufacturing. Economic Geography, 73(3), pp. 269-284. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-8287.1997.tb00089.x
Saha, N., Saha, T., & Saha, P., 2019: Smart specialization strategy: Does it really foster regional competitiveness? Smart specialization and regional competitiveness. In Smart Specialization Strategies and the Role of Entrepreneurial Universities, pp. 100-130. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-6152-1.ch005
Saviotti, P. P., 1996: Technological evolution, variety and the economy. Books.
Scott, A. J., 1988: New industrial spaces: Flexible production organization and regional development in North America and Western Europe (Vol. 3). DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/143783
Simmie, J., & Carpenter, J., 2007: Path dependence and the evolution of city regional development (No. 197). Working Paper Series
Storper, M., 2013: Keys to the City: How Economics, Institutions, Social Interaction, and Politics Shape Development. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Storper, M., & Walker, R., 1989: The capitalist imperative: Territory, technology, and industrial growth. Blackwell.
Teemu, M. (2011). Innovation and Regional Socio-Economic Development-Evidence from the Finnish Local Administrative Units (1). Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 15(15), pp. 27-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10089-011-0002-0
Uskova T.V., Lukin E.V, 2016: About the Prospects for Development of the Region on the Basis of Interregional Cooperation. Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast 3(45), pp. 60-81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15838/esc.2016.3.45.3
Zeschky, M., Widenmayer, B., Gassmann, O., 2011: Frugal innovation in emerging markets. Research-Technology Management 54 (4), pp. 38–45. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5437/08956308X5404007
How to Cite
LicenseTitle, logo and layout of journal Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series are reserved trademarks of Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series.
Number of views and downloads: 34
Number of citations: 0