Assessing the level of greening in a major city: subjective and objective evaluation on the example of the city of Kyiv
KeywordsCity greening system, level of landscaping, green spaces function, parks, squares, sociological survey
One of the ways to ensure the sustainable development of settlements is to improve comfort of living in urban areas. The formation of a developed landscaping system is one of the priorities of modern city development and provides an opportunity to realise the main functions of green areas of public use – ecological, historical, cultural, urban and social. Sufficiency or insufficiency of green areas is determined by indicators both objective (the level or area of landscaping per person), and subjective (the feeling of green space and comfort of urban areas). This study addresses both of these aspects. Significant differences in the findings of sociological surveys conducted earlier were also analysed. Residents of the city of Kyiv completed a questionnaire, which evaluated not only the existing greening system of the city, but also the perceived priority directions for its improvement. Four main criteria for assessing the quality of landscaping elements are proposed – environmental friendliness, contact, accessibility and attractiveness.
Arion, O.V. Kupach, T.G. Demyanenko, S.O. (2016). Recreational fitness of green spaces in Kyiv. Geology. Geography. Ecology. 45: 113-122. file:///C:/Users/a.lesenko/Downloads/95708-201891-1-PB.pdf
Burgess, J. Harrison, C. Limb, V. (1988). People, parks and the urban green: a study of popular meanings and values for open spaces in the city. Urban studies. 25(6): 455–473/
DBN B.2.2-5: 2011. Improvement of territories. (2012). State Building Standards of Ukraine. Kyiv. Uarkhbudinform.
DBN B.2.2-12: 2019. Planning and development of territories. (2019). State Building Standards of Ukraine. Kyiv, Uarkarhbudinform.
Derkulsky, R.Yu. (2016). Current status and tendencies of use of green areas in Kyiv Environmental protection. Balanced nature management. 2: 88-93.
Gärtner, P. (2017). European capital greenness evaluation. https://philippgaertner.github.io/2017/10/european-capital-greenness-evaluation/
Golub, A. (2016) Has Kiev remained green? Week.ua. http://tyzhden.ua/Society/176107
Gupta, K. Roy, A. Luthra, K. Maithani, S. (2016). GIS based analysis for assessing the accessibility at hierarchical levels of urban green spaces. Urban forestry & urban greening. 18: 198–211. http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US201600187743
Horyshina, T.K. (1991). Plant in the City. L .: Izd in LSU, 150.
Ignatieva, M.E. (2002). Urban Ecology: Formation and Development. Landscape architecture. Design. 1(44): 10–14.
Krefis, A. Augustin, M. Schlünzen, K. Oßenbrügge, J. Augustin, J. (2018). How Does the Urban Environment Affect Health and Well-Being? A Systematic Review Urban Sci. 2, 21. file:///C:/Users/a.lesenko/Downloads/urbansci-02-00021.pdf
Kryzhanovsky, Y.M. Nagorna, A.V. (2014). Development of the biocentric network structure of the ecological network of the city of Vinnytsia using geoinformation technologies. East European Journal of Advanced Technology. 6/10: 8-12. http://kruzhan.vk.vntu.edu.ua/file/0ffbcf977e1b2b06d99db2a6e5c24fa8.pdf
Kweon, B.S. Sullivan, W.C. (1998). Green common spaces and the social integration of inner-city older adults. Environment and Behavior. 30(6): 832-858.
Malyuga, V., Yukhnovsky, V. (2012). Pryntsypy formuvannia ekolohichnoi merezhi Ukrainy [Principles of developing the ecological network in Ukraine]. Lisove i sadovo-parkove hospodarstvo – Forestry and gardening. http://journals.nubip.edu.ua/index.php/Lis/article/viewFile/9633/8616
Mashinsky, V.L. Zologina, E.G. (1978). Designing greening residential areas. Moscow, Stroyizdat.
Niles, R. (2006). Survey Sample Sizes and Margin of Error. http://www.robertniles.com/stats/margin.shtml
Oleinychenko, V.D. (2011). Ecological network as a way to reproduce environmental stability. Scientific Articles Digest of the “III All-Ukrainian Congress of Ecologists with International Participation” Vinnytsia. 1: 233–236.
On the National program for the formation of the national ecological network of Ukraine for 2000-2015. (2000). Law of Ukraine. 1989-III. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1989-14
Planet Garden. (2012). Global Environmental Report 2012 (A closer look at green spaces in cities around the world). http://www.husqvarna.com/files/articles/RUS_GGR_2012_Final.pdf
Pleshkanovska, A.M. Usova, O.S. (2014) Some green building issues in the modern city. Modern Problems of Architecture and Urban Planning 36: 331-336.
Public parks. Seventh Report of Session 2016–17. (2017). House of Commons Communities and Local Government Committee. Published on 11 February by authority of the House of Commons. 87. https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmcomloc/45/45.pdf
Romanyuk, I. (2014). ‘Quality of life’ as a socio-economic category and object of statistical research. Economics, 4(157): 91-98.
Rules for maintaining green space in settlements of Ukraine. (2006)
Selmi, W. Weber, C. Rivière, E. Blonda, N. Mehdi, L. Nowak, D. (2016) Air pollution removal by trees in public green spaces in Strasbourg city, France. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 192-201. https://www.fs.fed.us/nrs/pubs/jrnl/2016/nrs_2016_selmi_001.pdf
Shvets, V.V. Rudenko, K.S. Veremii, O.H. (2010) The formation of the ecological framework of the city. Shelters under the green cover. Modern technologies, materials and structures in construction. 2: 139-143.
Strategic Initiative “Dnipro Pearl”. (2011). Kyiv, Kyiv City Council.
Swanwick, C. Dunnett, N. Woolley, H. (2003). Nature, role and value of green space in towns and cities: An overview. Built Environment, 29 (2): 94-106.
Taylor, С. (2009). Dublin fares badly in green survey. The Irish Times. Tue, Dec 8, 2009.
The Master Plan of Kyiv. Substantive provisions. (2015). Kiev.
Town planning: Planner‘s guide. (2001). Edited T.F. Panchenko. Kyiv .: Ukrarhbudinform.
Trubina L. K. Nikolaieva O.N. Mullaiarova P. I. Baranova Y. I. (2017). GIS inventory of urban green spaces. Cartography and geoinformatics. Bulletin of SSUGT. 3: 107-118. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/inventarizatsiya-gorodskih-zelenyh-nasazhdeniy-sredstvami-gis
United Nations. (2015). Transforming Our World, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. General Assembly Resolution A/RES/70/1.
Van Herzele, A. Wiedemann, T. (2003). A monitoring tool for the provision of accessible and attractive urban green spaces. Landscape and urban planning. 63(2): 109-126.
Vasilyuk, O.V. (2004). Kiev parks are dying !!! Youth Branch of the National Ecocenter of Ukraine. April 2004. http://www.lysa-gora.narod.ru/indexpark.html
Wan, C. Shen, G. (2015). Salient attributes of urban green spaces in high density cities: The case of Hong Kong. Habitat International. 50: 130–139.
Wolcha, J.R. Byrne, J. Joshua, P. (2014). Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’. Newell. Landscape and Urban Planning. 125: 234–244. http://ced.berkeley.edu/downloads/research/LUP.parks.pdf
Zviryaka, A.I. (2011) The monumental status of the historic landscape of the Kiev Mountains and the Dnipro River. Works of the Center of history of Monuments. 20: 9331–336.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.Title, logo and layout of journal Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series are reserved trademarks of Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series.
Number of views and downloads: 183
Number of citations: 5