Traditionally managed patch of Cladonia-Scots pine forest in the Biebrza valley – specifity of the protected forest community shaped by human activity

Piotr T. Zaniewski, Adam Bernatowicz, Łukasz Kozub, Ewa Truszkowska, Iwona Dembicz, Małgorzata Wierzbicka

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/EQ.2014.015

Abstract


The path of Cladonia-Scots pine forest located on dune in Biebrza valley (NE Poland) was carefully studied in order to assess the influence of recently obsolescent selection cutting management on terrestrial lichen biota. Transect was located along the dune ridge crossing both lichen rich pine forests and other adjacent communities. Distinctive habitat patches were characterized by relevé. Within the relevé area measurements of cutting intensity and soil properties were carried out and soil samples were collected for laboratory analyses. It was found, that subsoil properties are rather similar on the whole dune, which indicates the main influence of management intensity on plant communities studied. All known development stages of Cladonio-Pinetum were observed. The characteristic lichen species preferred low organic horizon depth and low canopy closure. These factors are positively correlated with cutting intensity. The studied path was compared with other described patches of Cladonia-Scots pine in Poland and additional proposals of practices urgently needed to conserve these endangered habitat were given. In spite of already practiced slash removal, there are litter raking and complete cessation of clearcuts in favour of the selection cutting management are necessary for Cladonia-Scots pine forest conservation.

Keywords


Cladonio-Pinetum; Cladonia stellaris; habitat conservation; lichens; organic layer; Natura 2000; selection cutting

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References


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