Ład w Afryce

Krystian Chołaszczyński

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/DP.2017.006

Abstrakt


On 29–30 March 2017 at the Ostromecko Palace near Bydgoszcz took place the International Scientific Conference “World Order Anno Domini 2017”, in which the partner was the Toruń Center for International Debate. This article is about Africa and the possible scenarios of development in this fastest growing continent. The author focused on aspects such as the infinite process of decolonization, identity problems, the growing role of the BRICS Group as an alternative to existing donors, and the African Union’s position in providing a continental peace.

Słowa kluczowe


Afryka; Ład Światowy; Nowy Światowy Ład; BRICS; Unia Afrykańska; Tożsamość; Suwerenność

Pełny tekst:

PDF

Bibliografia


Adeyemi-Suenu A., Africa and the New World Order: old issues and new challenges, w: International Journal of Research In Social Sciences, July 2013. Vol. 2, No.3, s. 56, http://ijsk.org/uploads/3/1/1/7/3117743/7_history_and_int._relations.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Alves A. C., Brazil in Africa: Achievements and Challenges, http://www.lse.ac.uk/IDEAS/publications/reports/pdf/SR016/SR-016-Alves.pdf, [dostęp dn. 18.04.2017];

Banks J. P., Ingram G., Kimenyi M., Rocker S., Schneidman W., Sun Y., Warner L. A., Top Five Reasons Why Africa Should Be a Priority for the United States, March 2013, https://www.brookings.edu/wp- content/uploads/2016/06/04_africa_priority_united_states.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Biney A., The Political and Social Thought of Kwame Nkrumah, New York 2011, https://libyadiary.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/pdf-2011-the-political-and-social-thought- of-kwame-nkrumah.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Camdessus M., The regulation of the banking sector in developing and emerging countries, 2013 AFD-BMZ-EUDN Annual Conference on Development Berlin - December 11, 2013, http://www.afd.fr/webdav/shared/PRESSE/Evenements/eudn/EUDN2013_Session%202_ M.Camdessus%20(speaker).pdf, [dostęp dn. 11.04.2017];

Carike C., Elsabé L., Henri B., Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa: Making sense of a new economic reality, w: African Journal of Business Management, Vol. 6 ( 47 ), 28 November 2012, http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJBM/article-full-text- pdf/EB722E921127, [dostęp dn. 18.04.2017];

Chen W., Dollar D., Tang H., Why is China investing in Africa? Evidence from the firm level, https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Why-is-China-investing- in-Africa.pdf, [dostęp dn. 18.04.2017];

Chołaszczyński K., Afrykański model autorytaryzmu – Zimbabwe czasów Roberta Mugabe, w: Historia i Polityka, No 2/3 (9/10) (2010), s. 82-102, Toruń 2010;

Chołaszczyński K., Etnopolityka jako funkcjonalny element kształtujący system polityczny Republiki Zimbabwe, Toruń 2014;

Czulda R., Inicjatywy wojskowe Unii Afrykańskiej, w: Raport. Wojsko Technika Obronność, 02/2017, Warszawa 2017;

Ekeg P. P., Colonialism and social structure. An Inaugural Lecture delivered at the University of Ibadan on Thursday, 5 June 1980, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271134410_Colonialism_and_Social_Structure

_An_Inaugural_Lecture, [dostęp dn. 22.04.2017];

Fanon F., The Wretched of the Earth, New York 1963, http://abahlali.org/wp- content/uploads/2011/04/Frantz-Fanon-The-Wretched-of-the-Earth-1965.pdf, [dostęp dn. 21.04.2017];

Girouard É., Neo-colonialism or a New Avenue for South-South Cooperation?, April 2008, http://www.ccic.ca/_files/en/working_groups/003_acf_2008- 04_china_in_africa.pdf, [dostęp dn. 18.04.2017];

Goerg M., States in a Changing Global Order: Where does Africa fit?, http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/17298-1442-5-30.pdf, [dostęp dn. 18.04.2017];

Grosfoguel R., The Structure of Knowledge in Westernized Universities: Epistemic Racism/Sexism and the Four Genocides/Epistemicides of the Long 16th Century, http://scholarworks.umb.edu/humanarchitecture/vol11/iss1/8/, [dostęp dn. 22.04.2017];

Hegel G. W. F., The Philosophy of History, New York 2007;

Ho E. Y. L., Imperial Globalization and Colonial Transactions: "African Lugard" and the University of Hong Kong, https://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/182427/2/Content.pdf, [dostęp dn. 11.04.2017];

Jacques-Garvey A., Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey, New York 1923, The Journal of Pan African Studies 2009 eBook, http://www.black- matters.com/books/Marcus-Garvey-Phil-and-Opinions.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Junbo J., Frasheri D., Neo-Colonialism or De-colonialism? China’s economic engagement in Africa and the implications for world order, w: African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, Vol. 8(7), October 2014, http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJPSIR/article-full-text-pdf/32E051147336, [dostęp dn. 18.04.2017];

Keohane R. O., Power and Governance in a Partially Globalized World, London/New York 2004;

L’Heureux M.-H., La négritude et l'esthétique de Léopold Sédar Senghor dans les Ceuvres de L'Ecole de Dakar, Mai 2009, http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/2162/1/M10943.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Majekodunmi A., Adejuwon K. D., Globalization and African Political Economy: The Nigerian Experience, w: International Journal of Academic Research in Business andSocial Sciences, August 2012, Vol. 2, No. 8, http://www.hrmars.com/admin/pics/997.pdf,

[dostęp dn. 11.04.2017];

Masson P., Pattillo C., A Single Currency for Africa?, w: Finance & Development, December 2004, https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2004/12/pdf/masson.pdf,

[dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

McClintock A., The Angel of Progress: Pitfalls of the Term "Post-Colonialism", w: Social Text, No. 31/32, Third World and Post-Colonial Issues (1992), http://ffyh.unc.edu.ar/posgrado/cursos/rufer/McClintock.pdf, [dostęp dn. 21.04.2017];

Ndlovu-Gatsheni S. J., Decoloniality in Africa: A Continuing Search for a New World Order, w: Aras, Vol.36 No.2 December 2015, http://afsaap.org.au/assets/sabelo_ndlovu- gatsheni_pp22-50.pdf, [dostęp dn. 11.04.2017];

Nkrumah K., Africa must Unite, New York 1963, http://feintandmargin.com/wp- content/uploads/2015/04/Africa-Must-Unite.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Nkrumah K., Neo-Colonialism. The Last Stage of Imperialism, London 1966, https://www.prisoncensorship.info/archive/books/Economics/Neo- Colonialism_KwameNkrumah.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Olaniyan A. O., Aladegbola A. I., Political economy of the new slave trade in Africa, w: International Journal of Peace and Development Studies Vol. 3(5), November 2012, http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/IJPDS/article-full-text-pdf/F091BDF41182, [dostęp dn. 11.04.2017];

Quijano A., Coloniality of Power, Eurocentrism, and Latin America, http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic203438.files/Anibal_Quijano.Coloniality.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Rodney W., How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Dar-Es-Salaam 1973, http://abahlali.org/files/3295358-walter-rodney.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Rymarczyk J., Biznes międzynarodowy, Warszawa 2012;

Santos B. de S., Beyond Abyssal Thinking: From Global Lines to Ecologies of Knowledge, http://www.boaventuradesousasantos.pt/media/pdfs/Beyond_Abyssal_Thinking_Review_ 2007.PDF, [dostęp dn. 21.04.2017];

Singh S. P., Dube M., BRICS and the World Order: A Beginner’s Guide, http://cuts- international.org/BRICS-TERN/pdf/BRICS_and_the_World_Order- A_Beginners_Guide.pdf, [dostęp dn. 18.04.2017];

Thiong’o N. wa, Decolonising the mind: the politics of language in African literature, Nairobi 2004, https://books.google.pl/books?id=z60udlv1F_cC&printsec=frontcover&dq=decolonizing

+the+mind+ngugi+wa+thiong%27o&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjjqqyy17XTAhWKBi wKHV3HABUQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=decolonizing%20the%20mind%20ngugi%20 wa%20thiong%27o&f=false, [dostęp dn. 21.04.2017];

Thiong’o N. wa, Makerere Dreams: Language and New Frontiers of Knowledge, Speec h given at the programe for the University of East Africa 50th anniversary celebrations on 29th June 2013, Main hall, Makerere University, http://vc.mak.ac.ug/speeches/2013/06/Prof-Ngugi-Wa-Thiongo-Keynote-address-Sat- 29th-June-2013.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Thiong’o N. wa, Something Torn and New. An African Renaissance, New York 2009, http://www.sahistory.org.za/sites/default/files/file%20uploads%20/ngugi_wa_thiongo_so mething_torn_and_new_an_afrbook4you.org_.pdf, [dostęp dn. 21.04.2017];

Tsayem Demaze M., De la françafrique a la chinafrique. Quelle coopération pour le développement de l’Afrique?, http://cafegeo.univ-lemans.fr/archives/cg4.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Veronelli G. A., The Coloniality of Language: Race, Expressivity, Power, and the Darker Side of Modernity, w: Wagadu, Volume 13 Summer 2015, http://webhost1.cortland.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/5-FIVE-Veronelli.pdf, [dostęp dn. 23.04.2017];

Zheng Y., China’s Aid and Investment in Africa: A Viable Solution to International Development?, https://www.hhs.se/contentassets/bc7089cd2c364b2cae4c287184ad743b/yu-zheng--- chinas-aid-and-investment-in-africa-.pdf, [dostęp dn. 18.04.2017].


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism