Does gentrification of the Praga Północ district in Warsaw really exist?

Sylwia Dudek-Mańkowska, Bartłomiej Iwańczak

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bog-2018-0002

Abstract


Research on gentrification has been conducted for over 50 years by representatives of many disciplines. Modern gentrification is a process somewhat different from that originally described by R. Glass in 1964. Authors do not agree how to measure the process, nor how to explain its meaning (Bourne, 1993). Creating the right indicators is very difficult, especially if it is widely believed that gentrification, as a process identifying changes over time and a way of measuring dynamics, should enable the comparison of data from multiple years (Lees, 2010). The aim of this study was to identify the socio-spatial changes taking place in the Warsaw district of Praga Północ and to determine if it can be described as gentrification. The study area is a district stereotypically perceived as neglected, dangerous and deteriorated (e.g. Dudek-Mańkowska, 2011), at the same time subject to strong functional changes. Praga Północ is also an area of interest to many artists, creative industries and developers, and is undergoing gradual regeneration through municipal urban revitalization programs. It is also an area that the media portray as undergoing the process of gentrification. The results show that social and residential changes actually take place but the overall gentrification has not been felt by residents.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badcock, B. (1989). An Australian view of the rent-gap hypothesis. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 79(1), 125-145.

Boschma, R.A. and Fritsch, M. (2008).Klasa kreatywna a rozwój regionów w Europie (Creative class and regional growth in Europe – in Polish). Jakubowska, P., Kukliński, A. and Żuber, P. editors, W poszukiwaniu nowego paradygmatu, Ministerstwo Rozwoju Regionalnego: Warszawa, 285-297.

Bourne, L.S. (1993). The demise of gentrification? A commentary and prospective view. Urban Geography, 14(1), 95-107.

Carol, T. (2002). Gentrification in grand rapids. Michigan: Michigan State University.

Dudek-Mańkowska, S. (2011). Wizerunek Warszawy w działaniach promocyjnych władz lokalnych i w świadomości społecznej (Image of Warsaw in promotional activities of local authorities and in social perception – in Polish). Warszawa: WUW.

Dudek-Mańkowska, S. (2012). Kreatywne środowiska miejskie – rewitalizacja i/czy gentryfikacja (Creative urban environments - revitalization and / or gentrification – in Polish). Conference materials, not printed.

Galster, G. and Peacock, S. (1986). Urban Gentrification: Evaluating Alternative Indicators. Social Indicators Research, 18(3), 321-337.

Gądecki, J. (2012). I love Nowa Huta. Gentryfikacja starej części Nowej Huty? (I love Nowa Huta. Gentrification of the old part of Nowa Huta? – in Polish). Warszawa: IFiS PAN.

Glass, R. (1964). Introduction. Aspects of change. London. Aspects of change, Centre for Urban Studies Report 3, London: Mac Gibbon and Kee, XIII-XLII.

Górczyńska, M. (2017). Gentrifiers in the post-socialist city? A critical reflection on the dynamics of middle- and upper-class professional groups in Warsaw. Environment and Planning A, 49(5), 1099-1121. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0308518X16688218.

Grzeszczak, J. (2010). Gentryfikacja osadnictwa: charakterystyka, rozwój koncepcji badawczej i przegląd wyjaśnień (Settlement gentrification. Characterization, development of the research concept and overview of explanations - in Polish). Monografie, 11, Kraków: Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania im. Stanisława Leszczyckiego PAN.

Hamnett, C. (2003). Gentrification and the middle-class remaking of Inner London, 1961-2001. Urban Studies, 40(12), 2401-2426.

Hwang, J. and Sampson, R. (2014). Divergent pathways of gentrification racial inequality and the social order of renewal in Chicago neighborhoods. American Sociological Review,

(4), 726-751.

Jaczewska, B. and Grzegorczyk, A. (2016). Residential segregation of metropolitan areas of Warsaw, Berlin and Paris. Geographia Polonica, 89(2), 141-168. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0051.

Jadach-Sepioło, A. (2009). Gentryfikacja w kontekście rewitalizacji (Gentrification in the context of revitalization – in Polish). Zborowski, A. editor, Demograficzne i społeczne uwarunkowania rewitalizacji miast w Polsce, Rewitalizacja miast polskich, 5, Kraków: Instytut Rozwoju Miast, 125-135.

Jałowiecki, B. (2000). Percepcja przestrzeni Warszawy (Perception of the Warsaw space – in Polish). Studia Regionalne i Lokalne, 2, 79-100.

Kormanowa, Ż. and Ławnik, J. (1970). Z dziejów klasy robotniczej i ruchu robotniczego na Pradze do 1939 r. (From the history of the working class and the working-class movement in Praga until 1939 – in Polish). Kazimierski, J. editor, Dzieje Pragi, Warszawa: PWN, 25-70.

Lees L. (2008). Gentrification and social mixing: towards an inclusive urban renaissance? Urban Studies, 45(12), 2449-2470. DOI: http:dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098008097099.

Lees, L., Slater, T. and Wyly, E. (2010). Introduction to Part 4. The Gentrification Reader, New York – London: Routledge, 317-323.

Ley, D. (2003). Artists, aestheticisation and the field of gentrification. Urban Studies, 40(12), 2527-2544.

Libura, H. (1990). Percepcja przestrzeni miejskiej (The Perception of Urban Space – in Polish). Warszawa: Instytut Gospodarki Przestrzennej UW.

Ludzi irytuje, że czują się czasem jak w zoo. Naukowcy badali sąsiedzkie relacje na Pradze (People are annoyed that they sometimes feel like at the ZOO. The researchers studied neighborhood relations in Warsaw Prague – in Polish). Gazeta Wyborcza, 11.03.2017, available at: http://warszawa.wyborcza.pl/warszawa/7,54420,21478423,ludzi-irytuje-ze-czuja-sie-czasem-jak-w-zoo-naukowcy-badali.html . DoA: April 2017.

Lokalny Program Rewitalizacji dla Miasta Stołecznego Warszawy 2005-2013 (Local Revitalization Programme for the City of Warsaw from 2005 to 2013 – in Polish), available at: http://rewitalizacja.um.warszawa.pl/sites/rewitalizacja.um.warszawa.pl/files/lpr_2013.pdf .

Port Praski. http://www.portpraski.pl/o-porcie.html .DoA: 1 April 2017.

Sykora, L. (2005). Gentrification in post-communist cities. In: Atkinson, R. and Bridge, G. editors, Gentrification in a global context: the new urban colonialism, Londyn: Routledge, 90-105.

Szwankowski, E. (1970). Praga w latach 1814-1880 (Praga in the years 1814-1880 – in Polish). Kazimierski, J. editor, Dzieje Pragi, Warszawa: PWN, 161-174.

The Socioeconomic Change of Chicago’s Community Areas 1970-2010, available at: http://media.wix.com/ugd/992726_3653535630f748cbae3a4f1d9db3bb5c.pdf. DoA: 1 April 2017.

The Cost of Good Intentions: Gentrification and Homelessness in Upper Manhattan. (2006). A report of the Institute For Children And Safety.

Wyly, E.K. and Hammel, D.J. (1999). Islands of decay in seas of renewal: housing policy and the resurgence of gentrification. Housing Policy Debate, 10(4), 711-771.

Zintegrowany Program Rewitalizacji m.st. Warszawy do 2022 roku (Integrated Programme for Rehabilitation of the City of Warsaw until 2022 – in Polish), available at: http://rewitalizacja.um.warszawa.pl/sites/rewitalizacja.um.warszawa.pl/files/zalaczniki/artykul/zpr_maly_rozmiar15.06.2015.pdf . DoA: 1 April 2017.








Print ISSN: 1732-4254
Online ISSN: 2083-8298

Partnerzy platformy czasopism