A remark on minimal nodal solutions of an elliptic problem in a ball

Olaf Torné

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2004.025

Abstract


Consider the equation $-\Delta u =
u_{+}^{p-1}-u_{-}^{q-1}$ in the unit
ball $B$
with a homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition. We
assume $2< p,q< 2^{*}$. Let
$\varphi(u)=(1/2)\int_{B} |\nabla u|^{2}
dx-(\1/p)\int_{B}u_{+}^{p}dx
-(1/q)\int_{B}u_{-}^{q}dx$
be the functional associated to this equation. The nodal Nehari set is
defined by
$\mathcal M=\{u\in H^{1}_{0}(B): u_{+}\neq 0,\ u_{-}\neq 0,\
\langle\varphi'(u_{+}),u_{+}\rangle=
\langle\varphi'(u_{-}),u_{-}\rangle=0\}$.
Now let $\mathcal M_{\text{\rm rad}}$ denote the subset of
$\mathcal M$ consisting of radial functions and let
$\beta_{\text{\rm rad}}$ be the infimum of $\varphi$ restricted to
$\mathcal M_{\text{\rm rad}}$. Furthermore fix two disjoint half balls $B^{+}$ and $B^{-}$
and denote by $\mathcal M_{h}$ the subset
of $\mathcal M$ consisting of functions which are positive in
$B^{+}$ and negative in $B^{-}$. We denote by $\beta_{h}$ the
infimum of $\varphi$ restricted to $\mathcal M_{h}$. In this
note we are interested in obtaining inequalities between
$\beta_{\text{\rm rad}}$ and $\beta_{h}$. This problem is related to the
study of symmetry properties of least energy nodal solutions of
the equation under consideration. We also consider the case
of the homogeneous Neumann boundary condition.

Keywords


Nodal solutions; Symmetry; Elliptic semilinear equations

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