Critical points for some functionals of the calculus of variations

Benedetta Pellacci

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2001.017

Abstract


In this paper we prove the existence of critical
points of non differentiable functionals of the kind
$$
J(v)=\frac_\Omega A(x,v)\nabla v\cdot\nabla v-\frac1{p+1}\int_\Omega
(v^+)^{p+1},
$$
where $1< p< (N+2)/(N-2)$ if $N> 2$, $p> 1$ if $N\leq 2$ and
$v^+$ stands for the positive part of the function $v$. The
coefficient $A(x,s)=(a_{ij}(x,s))$ is a Carathéodory matrix
derivable with respect to the variable $s$. Even if both
$A(x,s)$ and $A'_s(x,s)$ are uniformly bounded
by positive constants, the functional $J$ fails
to be differentiable on $H^1_0(\Omega)$. Indeed, $J$ is only
derivable along directions of $H^1_0(\Omega)\cap L^{\infty}(\Omega)$
so that the classical critical point theory cannot be
applied.

We will prove the existence of a critical point of $J$ by
assuming that there exist positive continuous functions
$\alpha(s)$, $\beta(s)$ and a positive constants
$\alpha_0$ and $M$ satisfying $\alpha_0|\xi|^2\leq \alpha(s)|\xi|^2
\leq A(x,s)\xi\cdot \xi$, $A(x,0)\leq M$,
$|A'_s(x,s)|\leq \beta(s)$, with $\beta(s)$ in $L^1(\mathbb R)$.

Keywords


Nonsmooth critical point theory; integral functionals

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