Dynamics of geometry indicators of students' body mass in the process of their physical training under the influence of author's technology

Viktoriia Matiichuk, Tamara Khabynets, Leonid Yarmolinsky

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/QS.2021.010

Abstract


Sublimation of advanced scientific ideas into the strategy of student youth’s rehabilitation involves the creation and implementation of effective innovative technologies. At the present stage of physical culture and sports field development, in terms of effectiveness of body correction the most recognized are health fitness systems. Objective. The experiment involved 121 female students aged 17–18 with different body types, namely mesomorphs – 64, ectomorphs – 35, endomorphs – 22 individuals (n = 121). Methods. Theoretical ones have been used to study and substantiate the basic provisions of the study, outline its problem field, systematize the scientists’ experience on the issue of female students' physique correction in the process of their physical training, study of modern scientific approaches to the development and improvement of physical education; empirical methods included pedagogical observation; anthropometric examination of female students; body type of students – using the Pinier index. Method of recording and analysis of female students’ body static-dynamic stability (diagnostic and training complex “SportKat 650 TS” on the basis of a movable platform, the degree of mobility of which is adjustable); consistently pedagogical transformative experiment; statistical methods have been applied to process the results of the study. Results of the study. The positive impact of the suggested technology is evidenced by changes in the average values of the circumferential body size of female students with mesomorphic body type: increase in the average values of chest girth (; S) (before: 85.3; 5.50 cm after: 88.2; 4.71 cm), (p <0.01); increase in average values of shoulder girth (before: 26.2; 3.81 cm after: 27.7; 2.19 cm), (p <0.01); decrease in the average values of the circumferential abdomen size (before: 68.1; 5.51 cm after: 66.3; 3.32 cm), (p <0.05); decrease in the average values of the thigh girth (before: 55.0; 3.80 cm after: 53.9; 2.00 cm), (p <0.05). Statistically significant changes have been found in the direction of increasing the average values of the shoulder circumferential size among female students of ectomorphic body type: (; S) (before: 23.3; 3.71 cm after: 24.9; 2.21 cm), (p<0.05); average values of the thigh circumferential size (before: 52.1; 4.94 cm after: 53.9; 2.01 cm), (p<0.05). During the examination of female students of endomorphic body type, we have also observed the improvement (decrease) of the average values of the abdomen girth (; S) (before: 75.4; 4.83 cm after: 72.1; 2.95 cm), (p <0.05) and the average values of the hip circumference (before: 58.3; 4.25 cm after: 56.2; 2.19 cm), (p <0.05). Conclusions. The substantiated technology of physique correction for female students taking into account geometry of their body mass in the course of physical training is aimed at achieving the corresponding purpose by using system, normative-target, personality-oriented approaches. The structure of the technology has included the purpose, tasks, principles, pedagogical conditions, stages, namely organizational-introductory, correctional-preventive, supportive.


Keywords


correction; technology; physique; body type; body mass geometry; female students; physical training.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Goncharova N, Kashuba V, Tkachova A, Khabinets T, Kostiuchenko O, Pymonenko M. Correction of postural disorders of mature age women in the process of aqua fitness taking into account the body type. Теорія та методика фізичного виховання. 2020;20(3):127-136.

Kashuba,V. (2003). Biomechanics of posture. K .: Olympic literature. (in Ukrainian).

Kashuba V.A., Martynyuk O.A. To the issue of the use of corrective-prophylactic program sin the process of physical education off emale students with various violations of the spatialorganization of the body Scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine / ed. by H.M. Arzytov. – K ., 2013. – Issue 1 (27). – P. 28-35.

Kashuba V.A., Dudko M.V. Modern approaches, technique sandtechnologies to the formation of a healthy lifestyle of students in the process of physical education Youth scientific bulletin of the Eastern European National University named after Lesya Ukrainka. 2015. Issue 17. p. 52-57.

Kashuba V.A., Dudko M.V. Thetechnology of prevention of student post uraldisorders in the process of physical education Science and sport: modern trends. No. 2 (Volume 11), 2016. P. 24-31.

Kashuba, V. A. et al. (2016). Formation of motor skills of a person in the process of ontogenesis Lutsk: Vezha-Druk.

Kashuba, V. Kolos M., Rudnytskyi O., Yaremenko V., Shandrygos V., Dudko M., Andrieieva O. Modern approaches to improving body constitution of female students within physical education classes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2017 (4), Art 227. 2472– 2476.

Kashuba V., Savlyuk S. Structure and content of the technology of prevention and correction of disturbances of spatial organization of the body of children 6-10 years old with sensory systems deprivation Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 7(8), 2017, pp.1387-1407.

Kashuba V., Futorny S. Modelin gandintegration of the information environment for the formationo f a healthy lifestyle in the education alprocesso fhigher education institutions Scientifican methodical bases of us inginformation technologies in the field of physical culture and sports: a collection of scientific works [Electronicresource]. Kharkiv: KDAFK, 2017.Issue 1. P. 46-50.

Kashuba V, Asaulyuk I, Diachenko A. A modern view on the use of information technologies in the process of physical education of student youth. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2017;7(2):765-75. eISSN 2391-8306. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2538698 http://ojs.ukw.edu. pl/index.php/ johs/article/view/6467.

Kashuba V, Asaulyuk I, Diachenko A. The Formation оf theoretical knowledge of students in the discipline of "Physical Education" in the process of professional and applied physical training. Journal of Education, Health and Sport 2017;7(5):1054-65. eISSN 2391-8306. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547839.

Kashuba V, Asaulyuk I, Dyachenko A. Characteristics of the biogeometric profile of students' posture in the process of vocational and physical training. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2017;7(6):1255-64. eISSN 2391-8306. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548845 http://ojs.ukw.edu. pl/index. php/johs/ article/view/6526.

Kashuba, V.A., Golovanova N. L.Increase in efficiency of professionally applied physical training of pupils of 16-17 years old based on application of informational and methodicals sytems. Physical education of students, 2018, 22(2). р.57–62.

Kashuba V., Andrieieva O., Goncharova N., Kyrychenko V., Karp I., Lopatskyi S., & Kolos M. (2019). Physical activity for prevention and correction of postural abnormalities in young women. Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES), Supplement issue, 19 (2), 500 – 506.

Kashuba V, Rudenko Y, Khabynets T, Nosova N. Use of correctional technologies in the process of health-recreational fitness training by men with impaired biogeometric profile of posture. Pedagogy and Psychology of Sport. 2020;6(4):45-55. elSSN 2450-6605.DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/PPS.2020.06.04.005.

Kashuba V, Stepanenko O, Byshevets N, Kharchuk O, Savliuk S, Bukhovets B, Grygus I, Napierała M, Skaliy T, Hagner-Derengowska M, Zukow W. The Formation of Human Movement and Sports Skills in Processing Sports-pedagogical and Biomedical Data in Masters of Sports. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences. 2020;8(5), 249-257.

Tkachova A, Dutchak M, Kashuba V, Goncharova N, Lytvynenko Y, Vako I, Kolos S, Lopatskyi S. Practical implementation of differentiated approach to developing water aerobics classes for early adulthood women with different types of body build. Journal of Physical Education and Sport (JPES). 2020;20(1):456-460.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

e-ISSN: 2450-3118
Numer DOI: 10.12775/QS
ICV 2019: 100.00

logo 
 
  
Action funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education under the contract number 916/P-DUN/2019 by funds dedicated to dissemination of research findings. Name of action: "Preparing for publication papers in English in 8 issues of the journal Quality in Sport in 2019-2020: Vol. 5, No. 1-4 (2019), Vol. 6, No. 1-4 (2020)".

Partnerzy platformy czasopism