Electromyostimulation as an element supporting sports training

Małgorzata Kowza-Dzwonkowska

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/QS.2018.003

Abstrakt


Purpose: The aim of the publication is to present the possibilities associated with the use of skeletal muscle electrostimulation as an element supporting sports training. The advantage of this form of training is the performance of specific work by select muscle, especially in less experienced players who can’t isolate a particular muscle during exercise. The electric impulse causes synchronous activation of the muscle contraction in the standard and reproducible conditions, resulting in a much higher level of muscle activity over time.

Design / methodology / approach: The effect of muscle electrostimulation on muscle tissue and physiological changes, on the improvement of motor features and the EMS equation for sports training was discussed.

Findings: EMS improves the jumping ability (Maffiuletti, Cometti et al. 2000), the maximum muscle strength has also increased (Maffiuletti, Bramanti et al. 2009). Short-term stimulation of low-frequency muscles dramatically shortens the time of getting a  contraction. After prolonged stimulation, this result is improved, but it is slower than in the initial phase (Heilmann and Pette 1979). A series of suitable treatments leads to the enlargement of the area of the muscle section, a significant increase in the maximum strength and increase in muscle activation (Gondin, Guette et al. 2005, Kästner, Braun et al. 2015). Recently, it has been shown that EMS regenerates skeletal muscle by reducing the oxidative status in satellite cells muscle hypertrophy and the formation of new myofibrils (Di Filippo, Mancinelli et al. 2017). EMS as a sports training is similar to 4-fold longer training with high intensity exercises (Kemmler, Teschler et al. 2016).

Research and practical limitations / implications: Due to reports that EMS affects muscle regeneration, you can use this method as part of wellness during the journey, when other forms are not available or as a short-term training.

Originality / value: In summary, a properly selected series of skeletal muscle electrostimulation may affect muscle strength, muscle mass, jumping, speed and endurance as well as changing the structure of muscle fibers.


Słowa kluczowe


electrical muscle stimulation; sport; counter movement jump; muscle strength; elektrostymulacja mięśni; skok z zamachem; siła mięśni

Pełny tekst:

PDF

Bibliografia


Benito-Martinez, E., A. Matrinez-Amat, et al. (2013). "Effect of combined electrostimulation and plyometric training on 30 meters dash and triple jump", J Sports Med Phys Fitness, Vol. 53,pp 387-395.

Benito, E., A. Lara, et al. (2010). "Effect of combined plyometric and electrostimulation training on vertical jump", Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, Vol 6, Issue 21, pp 322-324.

Buśko, K. (2006). "Analiza wpływu programów treningu o różnej strukturze intensywności na siłę i moc maksymalną mięśni kończyn dolnych człowieka",Wydawnictwo AWF Studia i monografie, Warszawa, Vol 109.

Cometti, C., N. Babault, et al. (2016). "Effects of Constant and Doublet Frequency Electrical Stimulation Patterns on Force Production of Knee Extensor Muscles", PLoS One, Vol 11, Issue 5.

Di Filippo, E. S., R. Mancinelli, et al. (2017). "Neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves skeletal muscle regeneration through satellite cell fusion with myofibers in healthy elderly subjects", Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol 123, Issue 3, pp 501-512.

Filipovic, A., H. Kleinöder, et al. (2011). "Electromyostimulation—A systematic review of the influence of training regimens and stimulation parameters on effectiveness in electromyostimulation training of selected strength parameters", The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, Vol 25, Issue 11, pp 3218-3238.

Gondin, J., M. Guette, et al. (2005). "Electromyostimulation training effects on neural drive and muscle architecture", Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Vol 37, Issue 8, pp 1291.

Heilmann, C. and D. Pette (1979). "Molecular Transformations in Sarcolasmic Reticulum of Fast Twitch Muscle by Electro‐Stimulation", European Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 93, Issue 3, pp 437-446.

Herrero, A. J., J. Martín, et al. (2010). "Short-term effect of strength training with and without superimposed electrical stimulation on muscle strength and anaerobic performance. A randomized controlled trial. Part I", The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research Vol 24, Issue 6, pp 1609-1615.

Herrero, J. and M. Izquierdo (2006). "Electromyostimulation and plyometric training effects on jumping and sprint time", International Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol 27, Issue 7, pp 533-9.

Kästner, A., M. Braun, et al. (2015). "Two Cases of Rhabdomyolysis After Training With Electromyostimulation by 2 Young Male Professional Soccer Players", Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, Vol 25, Issue 6, pp e71-e73.

Kemmler, W., K. Engelke, et al. (2012). "Effects of Whole-Body-Electromyostimulation on Sarcopenia in Lean, Elderly Sedentary Women. The TEST-III Study", Deutsche zeitschrift fur sportmedizin Vol 63, Issue 12, pp 343-+.

Kemmler, W., M. Teschler, et al. (2015). "Hohe Kreatinkinase-Werte nach exzessiver Ganzkörper-Elektromyostimulation: gesundheitliche Relevanz und Entwicklung im Trainingsverlauf", Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, Vol 165, Issue 21-22, pp 427-435.

Kemmler, W., M. Teschler, et al. (2016). "Effects of Whole-Body Electromyostimulation versus High-Intensity Resistance Exercise on Body Composition and Strength: A Randomized Controlled Study", Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol 9236809, Issue 10, pp 29.

Kemmler, W. and S. von Stengel (2013). "Whole-body electromyostimulation as a means to impact muscle mass and abdominal body fat in lean, sedentary, older female adults: subanalysis of the TEST-III trial." Clin Interv Aging, Vol 8, pp 1353-1364.

Kots, Y. and V. Chilon (1975). "The training of muscular power by method of electrical stimulation", State Central Institute of Physical Culture, Moscow.

Maffiuletti, N., G. Cometti, et al. (2000). "The Effects of Electromyo-stimulation Training and Basketball Practice on Muscle Strength and Jumping Ability", International journal of sports medicine Vol 21, Issue 6, pp 437-443.

Maffiuletti, N. A., J. Bramanti, et al. (2009). "Feasibility and Efficacy of Progressive Electrostimulation Strength Training for Competitive Tennis Players", The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research Vol 23, Issue 2, pp 677-682.

Mastalerz, A. (2008). Reakcja układu mięśniowego na wysiłki o maksymalnej intensywności, Wydawnictwo AWF, Warszawa,

McAuley, J., J. Rothwell, et al. (1997). "Frequency peaks of tremor, muscle vibration and electromyographic activity at 10 Hz, 20 Hz and 40 Hz during human finger muscle contraction may reflect rhythmicities of central neural firing", Experimental Brain Research, Vol 114, Issue 3, pp 525-541.

Nuhr, M., R. Crevenna, et al. (2003). "Functional and biochemical properties of chronically stimulated human skeletal muscle", European journal of applied physiology, Vol89, Issue 2, pp 202-208.

Pette, D. (2006). “Skeletal muscle plasticity–history, facts and concepts”, Skeletal Muscle Plasticity in Health and Disease, Springer Vol 1 Issue 27.

Taylor, T., D. J. West, et al. (2015). "The impact of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on recovery after intensive, muscle damaging, maximal speed training in professional team sports players", Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol 18, Issue 3, pp 328-332.

van Buuren, F., K. P. Mellwig, et al. (2014). "Electrical myostimulation: improvement of quality of life, oxygen uptake and left ventricular function in chronic heart failure", Rehabilitation, Vol 53, Issue 5, pp 321-326.


##plugins.generic.alm.title##

##plugins.generic.alm.loading##

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Zgodnie z Rozporządzeniem ministra nauki i szkolnictwa wyższego z dnia 22 lutego 2019 r. w sprawie ewaluacji jakości działalności naukowej (w szczególności art. 12 ust. 1 pkt 1 w zw. z art. 8 pkt 2), czasopismo Quality in Sport ewaluowane jest punktacją w wysokości 5 punktów.

e-ISSN: 2450-3118
Numer DOI: 10.12775/QS

logo 
 
 
 
Zadanie finansowane w ramach umowy 916/P-DUN/2019 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę. Nazwa zadania: "Przygotowanie artykułów w języku angielskim do ośmiu numerów czasopisma Quality in Sport w latach 2019-2020 vol 5, no-1-4 (2019), vol 6 no 1-4 (2020)".

Partnerzy platformy czasopism