On Type Creation and Ownership

Wojciech Gamrot

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/DP.2021.010


The subject matter of intellectual property rights is an intangible entity. It is identified as an
immaterial type which may be embodied in multiple material tokens. A prominent acquisition
principle postulates that creators are entitled to a property right in their creation. Combined
with a widespread belief that innovators and artists bring to existence not only tokens, but also
types, this leads to the acceptance of property rights in these types. In order to avoid conflicts of
claims and deadlocks under propertarian framework, the acquisition of equivalent types must be
restricted. This may be achieved by assuming that types are unique. However, when the uniqueness
property holds, the belief in type creation is untenable. If unique immaterial types exist at
all, then they do so regardless of any human activities and may eventually be identified or recognized,
but not created. Hence the creationist principle cannot justify owning them.

Słowa kluczowe

patent; copyright; property; type; creation; relativity

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