Teoria rozumu publicznego a godność człowieka

Michał Rupniewski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/DP.2017.013

Abstrakt


In this paper I intend to point at an ambiguous interconnection between the theory of public reason (exemplified by John Rawls and Gerald Gaus), and the idea of human dignity understood as a universally binding, distinguished moral status and inherent value of every human person. The public reason theorist do not examine human dignity at length, whereas, as I am trying to show in the paper, it constitutes a necessary component of the theory. The argument for the necessity of human dignity within public reason boils down to the two main theses: (1) courts, international law bodies, as well as constitutional state authorities constantly refer to human dignity as a crucial commitment present in the law; and (2) public reason theory which sets human dignity aside suffers from an explanatory gap. As a way of providing a solution to this, I propose to examine the neo-thomist ethics developed by Tadeusz Styczeń. As I will show in the paper, combining an attempt the two theories is an interesting research program, and allows to reconcile both human dignity and public justifiability of legal rules.


Słowa kluczowe


godność człowieka; rozum publiczny; neotomizm; Tadeusz Styczeń; John Rawls

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Bibliografia


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