Sprawowanie przewodnictwa w Unii Europejskiej. Możliwość wykorzystania prezydencji dla partykularnego interesu państwa

Marcin Kleinowski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/DP.2010.025


The Presidency is without doubt an important arrangement in the governance of the European Union . Every six months a different Member State takes over the chair of the Council of the European Union and performs several noteworthy functions. This article examines the extent to which Member States exercise influence on the timing and content of decision outcomes when they hold the presidency. The extent of the Council presidency’s political influence is the subject of disagreement among both practitioners and researchers. Presidents’ potential to use their position to advance their own interests is severely constrained by the brevity of the presidential term, only six months, and the limited extent to which they can select which issues should be on or off the agenda. Furthermore, presidents are said to abide by the normative principle that they should be ‘neutral brokers’ and refrain from using this position to further their own interests. Violation of this norm could result in criticism and retaliatory measures from other Member States. Owing to its formal position, the Presidency possesses a set of informational and procedural resources that can be used for national gain, and typically exploit the position as broker to favour the outcomes they desire. This article considers potential impact of the Presidency’s influence on decision outcomes by using the agenda-shaping powers and the brokerage powers in bargaining between member states and interinstitutional negotiations. The main thesis is that a member state benefits from holding the Presidency. The competencies of the Presidency allow a Member State to exercise an extraordinary amount of influence, during its term in office, effecting positive changes on state power. It makes available for states a wide range of the brokerage and agenda-shaping instruments to influence outcomes in European Union policy-making.

Pełny tekst:



G. de Bassompierre, Changing the Guard In Brussels: An Insider’s View of the Presidency, New York 1988.

R. K. W. Wurzel, Flying into Unexpected Turbulence: The German EU Presidency in the Environmental Field, „German Politics” 2000, nr 3, s. 30–31.

Council of the European Union, Press Release 6546/99, Luxembourg 24–25.06.1999.

J. A. Wall., A. Lynn, Mediation: A Current Overview, „Journal of Conflict Resolution” 1993, nr 1, s. 160–194.

J. Tallberg, Leadership and Negotiation in the European Union, New York 2006.

J. Tallberg, Agenda-shaping powers of the EU Council Presidency, „Journal of European Public Policy” 2003, nr 1.

J. Tallberg, Bargaining Power in the European Council, Stockholm 2007, s. 24.

J. Tallberg, The Power of the Presidency: Brokerage, Efficiency and Distribution in EU Negotiations, „Journal of Common Market Studies” 2004, nr 5, s. 1005– 1006

J. Werts, The European Council, Amsterdam 1992, s. 95.

T. C. Schelling, The Strategy of Conflict, Cambridge 1960, s. 144.

D. Metcalfe, Leadership in European Union Negotiations: The Presidency of the Council, „International Negotiation” 1998, nr 3, s. 425–426.

General Secretariat of the Council, Council Guide, t. VI, Guide for Producing Documents for the Council and Its Preparatory Bodies, Luxembourg 2006, s. 7–17.

M. Westlake, The Council of the European Union, London 1995.

S. Princen, Agenda-setting in the European Union: a theoretical exploration and agenda for research, „Journal of European Public Policy” 2007, nr 1, s. 28.

A. M. Pollack, The Engines of European Integration. Delegation, Agency and Agenda Setting in the EU, Oxford 2003, s. 24.

D. Neligan, Organising the Presidency: The Council Perspective, referat zaprezentowany w trakcie konferencji „The Presidency of the European Union 1998”, s. 7.

A. Guggenbühl, Cook Book of the Presidency of the European Union, [w:] Negotiating European Union, red. P. W. Meerts, F. Cede, New York 2004, s. 174–176.

F. Hayes-Renshaw, H. Wallace, The Council of Ministers, Basingstoke 2006, s. 52.

A.-C. Svensson, In the service of the European Union. The role of the Presidency in negotiating the Amsterdam Treaty 1995–1997, Uppsala 2000, s. 24.

J. Golub, In the Shadow of the Vote? Decision Making in the European Community, „International Organization” 1999, nr 4, s. 739–740.

Proces decyzyjny w Unii Europejskiej. Przewodnik dla urzędnika administracji publicznej, red. A. Ambroziak, M. Mielecka, K. Ostrzyniewska, I. Woicka, Warszawa 2005.

D. Arter, Small State Influence Within the EU: The Case of Finland’s Northern Dimension Initiative, „Journal of Common Market Studies” 2000, Annual Review, s. 682–685.

P. Bachrach, M. Baratz, Decisions and nondecisions: an analytical framework, „American Political Science Review” 1962, vol. 57, s. 632.

R. K. W. Wurzel, The Role of the Presidency In the Environmental Field: Does It Make a Difference Which Member State Runs the Presidency?, „Journal of European Public Policy” 1996, nr 2, s. 227.

Main Points of the protocol on interpreters’ working conditions, [w:] General Secretariat of the Council, Council Guide, t. III, Delegates Handbook, Annex II, Luxembourg 1996, s. 19.

A. Stubb, Negotiating Flexibility in the European Union. Amsterdam, Nice and Beyond, Hampshire 2002, s. 115.

R. Trzaskowski, Dynamika reformy podejmowania decyzji w Unii Europejskiej, Warszawa 2005, s. 239–240.

S. Parzymies, Reformy instytucjonalne w Unii Europejskiej w Traktacie z Nicei, „Sprawy Międzynarodowe” 2000, nr 4, s. 25.

M. Gray, A. Stubb, The Treaty of Nice – Negotiating a Poisoned Chalice?, „Journal of Common Market Studies” 2001, vol. 39, s. 15.

R. Thomson, The Council Presidency in the European Union: Responsibility with Power, „Journal of Common Market Studies” 2008, nr 3, s. 599.

H. Farrell, A. Héritier, The Invisible Transformation of Codecision: Problems of Democratic Legitimacy, SIEPS Report No. 7, Stockholm 2003.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism