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Author Guidelines

Information for Contributors


Comparative Law Review is a peer-reviewed scientific law journal published at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland. We welcome constibutions in either English, German or French.

Contributions should be sent electronically (MS Word format), in one single document, to:


Categories of submissions accepted

STUDIES - between 10,000 and 20,000 words (including footnotes) – aboout 20 to 45 pages

ARTICLES - between 5,000 and 10,000 words (including footnotes) – about 12 to 20 pages

CASE NOTES – approximately 3,000 words (including footnotes) – about 6-7 pages

BOOK REVIEWS – approximatley 3,000 words - about 6-7 pages



- Short biography of author (50 words or less)

- Abstract of the article (150 words or less); required for studies and articles only (not case notes and book reviews)

- 3-6 Keywords for the required bibliographical classification

- For the core text, use "Verdana", 10 point and 1,5cm of space between the lines

- For the footnotes, use "Verdana", 8 point and no space between the lines.



A maximum of three levels of headings is available. The following scheme should be used for headings:

The Title (bold, title case, flush left)

Author* (Title Case, Flush Left. Reference to the author’s current position/affiliation, e-mail address (optional) and any acknowledgments should be made in an asterisked footnote)

Abstract (bold, sentence case, flush left; approximately 150 words)

Keywords (bold, sentence case (not keywords themselves), 5-6 keywords) e.g.:

Keywords: jurisdiction – civil law – common law – monism – protection of private life – Polish Constitution – US Constitution

Heading I(Roman numerals, bold, sentence case, flush left) e.g.:

I. Protection of privacy in Poland and USA

Heading 1(Arabic numerals, Italics, sentence case, flush left) e.g.:

1. Private live as an individual right

Heading A(Alphabetical Prefix, Italics, sentence case, flush left) e.g.:

A. Privacy in Polish Constitution




Use the style in the main text:
- 2 January 2002
- 1992-93
- 1990s


The following should be italicized in the main text: 
- Case names, e.g. Broniowski v. Poland
- Latin terms, except common Latin abbreviations, e.g. ibid, i.e.
- Terms in languages other than English
- To emphasise a word or phrase.

Footnote cues

Footnote cues should appear before the punctuation mark.

E.g.: The general scheme, in the view of the ECJ, embraces both the principle of negotiations and reciprocity and level of flexibility of the provisions1.


Where a convention or organisation has a regularly accepted abbreviation, on the first mentioning within the article put the name in full with the abbreviation in brackets.

E.g.: European Union (EU); Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).


- Quotations of less than five lines long should be kept in the main body of the text, between double quotation marks ('')
- Longer quotations five lines long and over should be indented and set off from the text without quotation marks
- Square brackets are only to be used in the middle of a quotation to distinguish commentary from the quotation
- Insert (…)(brackets/three full stops) to indicate the omission of words in a quotation, e.g. As it has been stated by the Court: "Direct effect is not to be assessed globally (...) but requires examination in each case of the nature, general scheme and wording of the provisions"
- To add emphasis to a part of the quoted text, use Italics and [emphasis added]
- Single quotation marks should be used for quotations within quotations
- Quotation should always be followed by a footnote with a reference to the source.



- Footnotes not endnotes should be used
- Full reference should be given at first mention
- When referencing a particular page/paragraph use ‘at p. xx/ at para xx’

- In case of refering to a source written in other languge than English, please provide English translation of a title in brackets. The same rule applies to all kinds of references
- ‘Ibid.’ should be used when there are two or more consecutive references to the same work (note the full stop that is used after ibid and that it is not italicized); e.g.: Ibid. na s. 231. 
- Cross-references to the same source shoud be made as follows: Shaw, supra note 12 at p. 24. 
- Each footnote should end with a full stop.



Author, Title (translation into English, if necessary), Place of Edition: Editing Company, Year of edition, page.

E.g.: J. Crawford, The International Law Commission's Articles on State Responsibility: Introduction, Text and Commentaries, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, p. 25.

M. Janis, C. Evans (eds), Religion and International Law, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2004, p. 73.

 Essays within books

Z. Bankowski, D.N. MacCormick, G. Marshall, Precedent in the United Kingdom, [in:] D.N. MacCormick, R.S. Summers (eds), Interpreting Precedents. A Comparative Study, Darmouth: Aldershot, 1997, p. 332.


H. Rösler, Caricatures and Satires in Art Law: The German Approach in Comparison with the United States, England and the European Convention on Human Rights, "European Human Rights Law Review", Issue 4, 2008, p. 495.


EU Legislation
E.g.: Directive 2012/13/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2012 on the right to information in criminal proceedings, OJ L 142, 1.6.2012, p. 1–10.

A reference to the domestic legislation should always include title of the act, date of and detiled place of publication. Please provide English translation of the act’s title in brackets, e.g.:
Act of 29 August 1997 o ochronie danych osobowych (on the protection of personal data) (Polish O.J. 1997, No. 133, Item 883).


There should be full stop after ‘v.’ and case names should be italicised, e.g.: Broniowski v. Poland.

In general, reference to domestic case-law should follow a pattern: Parties or case name, no of the case, date of judgment, place of publication, paragraph.

European Court of Justice:

RWE Vertrieb AG v. Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V, Case C 92/11, Judgment of 21.3.2013, E.C.R. 2013, p. 0, at par. 40

European Court of Human Rights:

E.g.: Darmoń v. Poland, Application no, 7802/05, Judgment of 17.11.2009, at par. 86.

 Electronic sources

References to websites should include author, title, date, page (if possible), the location (URL) and the date the source was last accessed.

e.g. R. Diver, J. Frosini, DG for External Policies of the EU, The extraterritorial effects of legislation and policies in the EU and US, 2012, p. 22, available at: [last accessed 15.1.2013].


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. This text has not been previously published and/or submitted in another publishing house.
  2. The file is saved in Microsoft Word (doc) or RTF format.
  3. The text of the publication is in Times New Roman (12-point font size), spacing 1,5 (for long block quotations: Times New Roman 11 and spacing 1,0).
  4. Possible sources of the work funding are listed in the publication in a place required by editorial rules. In the submitted work there appear no ghostwriting, guest-authorship and/or conflict of interest. The author is acquainted with the current procedures of texts’ reviewing in the journal.
  5. The author agrees to the terms and conditions of the License Agreement with Nicolaus Copernicus University. The content of the agreement is available HERE. With regard to the joint publication, the author submitting an article for publication fills in a statement concerning the percentage contribution, in which the contributions of particular co-authors in the submitted text are given. The content of the work is known to all its authors who give permission for it to be published. The completed statement must be uploaded as an additional file along with the article.

Privacy Statement

By creating an account in the profile of the journal, I also agree to receive notifications via e-mail. Newsletters will inform about the publication of new issues of the journal or other matters related to the journal's activity.

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


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