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Author Guidelines

I. General

„Comparative Law Review” is a peer-reviewed scientific law journal published at the Faculty of Law and Administration, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. We welcome contributions in English and - in individual cases after agreed with the Editorial Board - in German or French. 

The Journal uses online submission only. Authors should submit their manuscripts via the NCU Journals Platform at: 

New users need to register first before logging in.

Please upload source files such as .doc and .docx, and not pdf files.

II. Categories of submissions accepted

STUDIES - between 10,000 and 15,000 words (including footnotes) – aboout 20 to 30 pages

ARTICLES AND SHORTER NOTES- between 5,000 and 10,000 words (including footnotes) – about 12 to 20 pages

CASE NOTES – approximately 3,000 words (including footnotes) – about 6-7 pages

BOOK REVIEWS – approximatley 3,000 words - about 6-7 pages

III. Preparation of manuscript

- Author(s) affiliation, ORCID number (if possible); e-mail address;
- Abstract of the article (150 words or less); required for studies and articles (not for case notes and book reviews);
- 3-6 Keywords for the required bibliographical classification;
- For the core text, Times New Roman font 12 and 1,5 line spacing;
- For the footnotes, font 9 and no line spacing;
- Manuscripts should be written in British English. Spelling should be consistent throughout;
- We highly encourage the Authors to have their manuscripts proofread before submitting. 

IV. Manuscrpit structure


(Author’s current position/affiliation, ORCID number (if possible); e-mail address and any acknowledgments or information about funding). Please remember that the manuscript will be anonymised for the purposes of the review procedure. 

The Title


Approximately 150 words in Italics.


Approx 5-5 keywords in Italics, e.g.: jurisdiction – civil law – common law – monism – protection of private life – Polish Constitution – US Constitution 

INTRODUCTION (no numerical)

I. HEADING (Roman numerals, bold),

 1. SUBHEADING (Arabic numerals)

1.1. Third level subheading if necessary

CONCLUSIONS (no numerical)

V. Style


The following should be italicized in the main text:

  • Case names, e.g. Broniowski v. Poland 
  • Latin terms, except common Latin abbreviations, e.g. ibid, i.e.
  • Terms in languages other than English
  • To emphasize a word or phrase  

Footnote cues

  • Footnote cues should appear after the punctuation mark.


  • Where a convention or organization has a regularly accepted abbreviation, on the first mentioning within the article put the name in full with the abbreviation in brackets.  

e.g. European Union (EU);  

e.g. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

 VI. Quotations

- Quotations of less than five lines long should be kept in the main body of the text, between double quotation marks ('')
- Longer quotations five lines long and over should be indented and set off from the text without quotation marks
- Square brackets are only to be used in the middle of a quotation to distinguish commentary from the quotation
- Insert (…)(brackets/three full stops) to indicate the omission of words in a quotation, e.g. As it has been stated by the Court: "Direct effect is not to be assessed globally (...) but requires examination in each case of the nature, general scheme and wording of the provisions"
- To add emphasis to a part of the quoted text, use Italics and [emphasis added]
- Single quotation marks should be used for quotations within quotations
- Quotation should always be followed by a footnote with a reference to the source.

VII. Footnotes

  • Footnotes not endnotes should be used;
  • Full reference should be given at first mention;
  • When referencing a particular page/paragraph use ‘ p. xx/ para xx’;
  • ‘Ibid.’ should be used when there are two or more consecutive references to the same work (note the full stop that is used after ibid.)

e.g. Ibid., p. 231. 

e.g. Ibid., para 87.

  • Cross-references to the same source should be made as follows:

e.g.  Shaw, supra note 12, p. 24.

If that particular note contains two or more references by the same author, a short title should be given - e.g.: Shaw, International, supra note 12, p. 24.

  • Each footnote should end with a full stop. 


Author, Title, Editing Company, edition (if applicable), year, page.

J. Crawford, The International Law Commission’s Articles on State Responsibility: Introduction, Text and Commentaries, Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed., 2002, p. 25.

M. Janis, C. Evans (eds), Religion and International Law, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2004, p. 73.

Articles and chapters in books 

Z. Bankowski, D.N. MacCormick, G. Marshall, “Precedent in the United Kingdom”, in D.N. MacCormick, R.S. Summers (eds.), Interpreting Precedents. A Comparative Study, Darmouth: Aldershot, 1997, p. 332.

Articles in journals

H. Rösler, “Caricatures and Satires in Art Law: The German Approach in Comparison with the United States, England and the European Convention on Human Rights, European Human Rights Law Review, 2008, Issue 4, p. 495.


Citations to national legislation, EU Directives, UN Resolutions, etc. should follow the format recommended by the entity responsible for the measure cited.


  • There should be full stop after ‘v.
  • Case names should be italicised
  • Cases should be cited following the format recommended by the relevant court or tribunal. For example, an ICJ case should be cited as follows: Kasikili/Sedudu Island (Botswana/Namibia), Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1999, p. 1045.
  • In general, reference to domestic case-law should follow a pattern: Parties or case name, nr of the case, date of judgment, place of publication, para xx.

 European Court of Justice:

RWE Vertrieb AG v. Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V, Case C92/11, Judgment of 21.3.2013, E.C.R. 2013, p. 0, para 40

European Court of Human Rights:

Darmoń v. Poland, Application no, 7802/05, Judgment of 17.11.2009, para 86.

Electronic Sources

References to websites should include author, title, date, page (if possible), the location (URL) and the date the source was last accessed.

e.g. R. Diver, J. Frosini, DG for External Policies of the EU, The extraterritorial effects of legislation and policies in the EU and US, 2012, p. 22, available at: [last accessed 15.1.2013]. 


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. This text has not been previously published and/or submitted in another publishing house.
  2. The file is saved in Microsoft Word (doc) or RTF format.
  3. The text of the publication is in Times New Roman (12-point font size), spacing 1,5 (for long block quotations: Times New Roman 11 and spacing 1,0).
  4. Possible sources of the work funding are listed in the publication in a place required by editorial rules. In the submitted work there appear no ghostwriting, guest-authorship and/or conflict of interest. The author is acquainted with the current procedures of texts’ reviewing in the journal.
  5. The author agrees to the terms and conditions of the License Agreement with Nicolaus Copernicus University. The content of the agreement is available HERE. With regard to the joint publication, the author submitting an article for publication fills in a statement concerning the percentage contribution, in which the contributions of particular co-authors in the submitted text are given. The content of the work is known to all its authors who give permission for it to be published. The completed statement must be uploaded as an additional file along with the article.

Privacy Statement

By creating an account in the profile of the journal, I also agree to receive notifications via e-mail. Newsletters will inform about the publication of new issues of the journal or other matters related to the journal's activity.

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


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