Local strong solutions of the nonhomogeneous Navier-Stokes system with control of the interval ofexistence
KeywordsInstationary Navier-Stokes equations, nonhomogeneous data, strong solutions, weak solutions
AbstractConsider a bounded domain $\varOmega\subseteq \mathbb R^3$ with smooth boundary $\partial\varOmega$,
a time interval $[0,T)$, $0<T\le \infty$, and in $[0,T) \times\varOmega$ the %completely
nonhomogeneous Navier-Stokes system $u_t - \Delta u+u\cdot \nabla u + \nabla p = f$, $u|_t=0=v_0$, $\text\rm div\,u=k$, $u|_\partial\varOmega = g$, with sufficiently smooth data $f,v_0,k,g$. In this general case there are mainly known two classes of weak solutions, the class of global weak solutions, similar as in the well known case $k=0$, $g=0$ which need not be unique, see \citeFKS11, and the class of local very weak solutions, see \citeA02, \citeA03, \citeFGS06, which are uniquely determined but have no differentiability properties and need not satisfy an energy inequality.
Our aim is to introduce the new class of local strong solutions in the usual sense for $k\not= 0$, $g\not=0$ satisfying similar regularity and uniqueness properties as in the well known case $k=0$, $g=0$. Further, we obtain precise information through the given data on the interval of existence $[0,T^*)$, $0<T^*\le T$.
Our proof is essentially based on a detailed analysis of the corresponding linear system.
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