Hypnotic suggestion for the treatment of tinnitus
Keywordstinnitus, hypnosis, quality of life, hypnotherapy, hypnotic suggestion, hypno-suggestive therapy
Aim of study. Considering the high spreading of tinnitus in population, the purpose of our research was to study the possibility and expediency of using hypnosuggestive therapy in treatment of tinnitus.
Material and methods. The study included 55 people with tinnitus complaints. We divided three groups of patients depending on the severity of the manifestations, audiometry results, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) score according to this scale of severity, results of GAD-7 test and the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire -9).
Results. In the first group of patients, according to the tinnitus severity scale the score was up to 19 points and was considered as insignificant and mild. The score of the GAD-7 questionnaire was less than 8 points, PHQ-9 - up to 5 points. In the second group the severity of tinnitus was moderate and severe and counted more than 38 points. The GAD-7 questionnaire score was less than 8 points, PHQ-9 - up to 5 points. In the third group, 12 people complained of chronic tinnitus, sleep disturbances, nervousness, and reduced work capacity. The score of tinnitus severity in patients of this group was more than 58 points and was assessed as severe and catastrophic. According to the results of the GAD-7 and PHQ-9 questionnaires, all 12 people were diagnosed with anxiety disorders and depression, two parients even had suicidal thoughts. In the third group of patients with +++ hypnotability, after ten sessions of individual hypno-suggestive therapy, it was possible to reduce the severity of tinnitus to the third moderate degree in 7 people. 4 patients reported about complete regress of tinnitus.
Conclusions. Tinnitus is a common problem and can negatively affect work, family and social life. It requires the individual approach and involvement of specialists of various profiles in the diagnostic process. The diagnostic algorithm for patients with tinnitus should include questionnaires to estimate the psychosomatic profile. The use of hypno-suggestive therapy can significantly reduce the severity of tinnitus and improve the quality of lives of patients.
Müge Özçelik Korkmaz «Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Glasgow-Edinburgh Throat Scale: Use for a Symptom Scale of Globus Sensation in Turkish Population». Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Mar; 58(1): 41–47.Published online 2019 Aug 15. doi: 10.5152/tao.2020.4686
V. P. Sood and Ajay Jain «Psychological implications in ENT diseases» Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Jun; 61(2): 95–98. doi: 10.1007/s12070-009-0046-0
Dan L Dumitrascu «Is psychosomatic really a bicentennial word? The proof of an older use» Med Pharm Rep. 2019 Apr;92(2):205-207.doi: 10.15386/cjmed-1245. Epub 2019 Apr 25.
Holger Steinberg «Johann Christian August Heinroth: psychosomatic medicine eighty years before Freud». Psychiatr Danub. 2013 Mar;25(1):11-6.
Elke Decot «Therapeutic methods for psychosomatic disorders in oto-rhino-laryngology» Curr Top Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005; 4: Doc21
Deborah Ann Hall «A narrative synthesis of research evidence for tinnitus-related complaints as reported by patients and their significant others» Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2018; 16: 61. doi: 10.1186/s12955-018-0888-9
Nathan A. Clarke, «Associations Between Subjective Tinnitus and Cognitive Performance: Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses» Trends Hear. 2020 Jan-Dec; 24: 2331216520918416. doi: 10.1177/2331216520918416
McCormack A, Edmondson-Jones M, Somerset S, Hall DA. Systematic review of the reporting of tinnitus prevalence and severity. Hear Res. 2016;337:70–79. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2016.05.009.
Piers Dawes «Natural history of tinnitus in adults: a cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis» BMJ Open. 2020; 10(12) doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041290
Davis A, El Rafaie A. Epidemiology of tinnitus. In: Tyler RS, editor. Tinnitus handbook. San Diego: singular publishing. Group. 2000:1–23.
Emily Watts E, Fackrell K, Smith S, Sheldrake J, Haider H, Hoare D. Why is tinnitus a problem? A qualitative analysis of problems reported by tinnitus patients. Trends Hear. 2018 doi: 10.1177/2331216518812250.
Crönlein T, Langguth B, Pregler M, Kreuzer PM, Wetter TC, Schecklmann M. Insomnia in patients with chronic tinnitus: Cognitive and emotional distress as moderator variables. J Psychosom Res. 2016 doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.03.001.
Gomaa MAM, Elmagd MHA, Elbadry MM, Kader RMA. Depression, anxiety and stress scale in patients with tinnitus and hearing loss. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2715-6.
Pan T, Tyler RS, Ji H, Coelho C, Gogel SA Differences Among Patients That Make Their Tinnitus Worse or Better. Am J Audiol. 2015 Dec; 24(4):469-76.
Eldré W. Beukes et al «Changes in Tinnitus Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic» Front Public Health. 2020; 8: 592878. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.592878
Fuller T, Cima R, Langguth B, Mazurek B, Vlaeyen JWS, Hoare DJ. Cognitive behavioural therapy for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD012614. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012614.pub2.
Härter M, Maurischat C, Weske G, Laszig R, Berger M. Psychische Belastungen und EinschrGnkungen der Lebensqualität bei Patienten mit Tinnitus. HNO. 2004;52:125–131.
Małgorzata Fludra, «Role of personal resources from the perspective of experiencing tinnitus annoyance in adults». Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Jun;277(6):1617-1623. doi: 10.1007/s00405-020-05843-w.
Sang Hoon Kim «Review of Pharmacotherapy for Tinnitus» Healthcare (Basel). 2021 Jun; 9(6): 779. doi: 10.3390/healthcare9060779
Dean M. Thompson «Psychological Therapy for People with Tinnitus: A Scoping Review of Treatment Components» Ear Hear. 2017 Mar; 38(2): 149–158. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000363
Baudouin, C. (1920). Suggestion and Autosuggestion: A Psychological and Pedagogical Study Based on the Investigations made by the New Nancy School, (E. & C. Paul, Trans.). London: George Allen & Unwin. URL = http://tinyurl.com/jzvarax
Coué, E. (1912). De la suggestion et de ses applications [‘Suggestion and its Applications’], Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle et de Palethnologie de la Haute-Marne, 2(1), 25-46. URL http://tinyurl.com/hwhbtw9
Roszkowski GW. Stań hipnotezerom! [Zostań hipnotyzerem] Odessa, 1995 г. с.120-125.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Alisa Suvorkina, Oleksandr Suvorkin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Number of views and downloads: 51
Number of citations: 0