A diffusive logistic equation with U-shaped density dependent dispersal on the boundary

Jerome Goddard II, Quinn Morris, Catherine Payne, Ratnasingham Shivaji

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2018.047

Abstract


We study positive solutions to the steady state reaction diffusion equation: \begin{equation*} \begin{cases} - \Delta v = \lambda v(1-v), & x \in \Omega_0, \\ \displaystyle \frac{\partial v}{\partial \eta} + \gamma \sqrt{\lambda} ( v-A)^2 v =0 , & x \in \partial \Omega_0, \end{cases} \end{equation*} where $\Omega_0$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$; $n \ge 1$ with smooth boundary $\partial \Omega_0$, ${\partial }/{\partial \eta}$ is the outward normal derivative, $A \in (0,1)$ is a constant, and $\lambda$, $\gamma$ are positive parameters. Such models arise in the study of population dynamics when the population exhibits a U-shaped density dependent dispersal on the boundary of the habitat. We establish existence, multiplicity, and uniqueness results for certain ranges of the parameters $\lambda$ and $\gamma$. We obtain our existence and mulitplicity results via the method of sub-super solutions.

Keywords


Mathematical biology; reaction diffusion model; nonlinear boundary conditions; U-shaped density dependent dispersal

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