文末表現「ましょう」のやわらげた命令用法とその学習の必要性

Haruka Yamanouchi

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/sijp.2020.56-59.19

Abstrakt


This research aims to determine the necessity of teaching sentences ending in -mashō as an imperative in Japanese language education. Nitta(1991) states that -mashō is used as やわらげた命令 (‘an euphemistic imperative’). This paper reviews the frequency of sentences ending in -mashō appearing in Japanese textbooks and in Japanese written by native Japanese speakers. An investigation of Japanese textbooks showed that, while they rarely include the imperative use of -mashō as a learning item, -mashō is frequently used as an imperative in the test instructions of these textbooks. The examination of a corpus of Japanese written by native Japanese speakers shows that -mashō as an imperative appears frequently when a person is giving advice or answering a question. This use of -mashō can thus be attributed to two types of persons: the provider of information who is considered superior to the receiver and the receiver who is considered inferior to the provider. Considering the high frequency of -mashō in Japanese textbooks and in Japanese written by native Japanese speakers, it is deemed essential to teach Japanese learners the use of -mashō as an imperative.


Słowa kluczowe


-mashō; euphemistic imperative; Japanese textbooks; text instruction; corpus

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Bibliografia


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