The Constitutionality of Taking DNA Reference Sample

Józef Wójcikiewicz, Violetta Kwiatkowska-Wójcikiewicz



This paper focuses on the opinions of constitutional courts in the Federal Republic of Germany, United States of America, Canada, the Czech Republic, and the Constitutional Tribunal in Poland on taking references samples for DNA tests from a suspect (an accused). The inconsistency of Polish regulations referring to the DNA analysis is the main object of criticism.


reference DNA samples; constitutional rights; Polish Code of Criminal Procedure; Polish Police Act

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