„Piercing the Corporate Veil Doctrine in Poland?” A Comparative Perspective
Keywordspiercing doctrine, corporate governance, corporate veil, civil law, business organisations
This article explains the concept of piercing the corporate veil doctrine which is widely recognised in common law countries. Generally, the doctrine allows the extension of liability for a company’s debts to shareholders and officers, if any kind of fraud or unfairness is involved. This dissertation focuses on differences between American and British attitudes towards the doctrine and analyses the grounds for the what is known as “judicial piercing” and “statutory piercing”. Nevertheless, the main purpose of this paper is to answer the question of whether the piercing doctrine can be applied to the Polish legal system. Officially, it has never been recognised by Polish jurisprudence and courts. However, in-depth research on that issue can provide really surprising results. It seems that current statutory measures in Poland can extend the liability of a company towards officers, directors etc. and can easily be compared with “statutory piercing”. The article also touches on the problem of shareholders’ tort liability under Polish law. Furthermore, the article sheds light on the new Polish Insolvency Act and its consequences for the concept of corporate liability as well as the “Amber Gold” case, one of the biggest financial scandals in Poland for many years.
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