The Scottish Enlightenment. Links Between Philosophy and Medicine in the Activities of Philosophical Societies

Marta Śliwa

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/szhf.2019.035

Abstract


What is analysed in this paper is the connection between philosophical thinking and medicine based on activity of institutional bodies such as societies, clubs or voluntary institutions. Special emphasis will be placed on cooperation between philosophers and physicians of Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Glasgow societies. Some activities of the Glasgow Philosophical Society, the Aberdeen Philosophical Society – the Wise Club, and the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh will be presented, including the active participation of physicians in those societies with a description of related topics discussed at meetings and, as a result, some linked publications. A brief analysis performed here allows us to show how the philosophical knowledge and rational thinking became the background for medicine diagnoses and, at the same time, how developing medical science influenced philosophical thinking of those days, and created a new philosophical paradigm. The interaction between the men of science in Scotland, the scientists who very often knew each other, led to that incredible development in 18th-century Scotland.


Keywords


Scottish Enlightenment; philosophical societies

Full Text:

PDF

References


Emerson Roger L. 1979. “The Philosophical Society of Edinburgh 1737–1747”. The British Journal of History of Science 12. No. 2: 155–191.

Emerson Roger L. 1981. “The Philosophical Society of Edinburgh 1748–1768”. The British Journal of History of Science 14. No. 2: 133–176.

Emerson Roger L. 1985. “The Philosophical Society of Edinburgh 1768–1783”. The British Journal of History of Science 18. No. 3: 255–303.

Christie John. 1974. “The Origins and Development of the Scottish Scientific Community 1680–1760”, History of Sciences 12: 81–141.

Hutton Sarah. 2015. British Philosophy of the Seventeenth Century. Oxford: OUP.

Holcomb Kathleen. 1989. “Reid in the Philosophical Society”. In: The Philosophy of Thomas Reid. Ed. Melvin Dalgarno and Eric Matthews, 413–420. Kulwer Academic Publisher.

Lee Wiley Margaret. 1940. “Gerard and the Scots Societies”. Studies in English 20: 132–136.

Ulman Lewis H. 1990. Minutes of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society, 1758–1773. Aberdeen University Studies 158. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.

Śliwa Marta. 2018. “Philosophical Societies in the Scottish Enlightenment”. Ruch Filozoficzny 74: 107–117.

Withers Charles W. J., Wood Paul. 2002. Science and medicine in the Scottish Enlightenment. Tuckwell Press Ltd.

Science and medicine in the Scottish Enlightenment. 2002. Ed. Charles W. J. Withers and Paul Wood, Tuckwell Press Ltd.






Partnerzy platformy czasopism