On finding the ground state solution to the linearly coupled Brezis-Nirenberg system in high dimensions: the cooperative case

Yuanze Wu

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2019.018

Abstract


\begin{cases} -\Delta u_i+\mu_i u_i=|u_i|^{2^*-2}u_i+\lambda \sum\limits_{j=1,j\not=i}^ku_j &\text{in }\Omega,\\ u_i=0,\quad i=1,\dots,k,&\text{on }\partial\Omega, \end{cases} \end{equation*} where $k\geq2$, $\Omega\subset\bbr^N$ ($N\geq4$) is a bounded domain with smooth boundary $\partial\Omega$, $2^*={2N}/({N-2})$ is the Sobolev critical exponent, $\mu_i\in\bbr$ for all $i=1,\dots,k$ are constants and $\lambda\in\bbr$ is a parameter. By the variational method, we mainly prove that the above system has a ground state for all $\lambda> 0$. Our results reveal some new properties of the above system that imply that the parameter $\lambda$ plays the same role as in the following well- known Brez\'is-Nirenberg equation \begin{equation*} \begin{cases} -\Delta u =\lambda u+ |u|^{2^*-2}u &\text{in }\Omega,\\ u=0 &\text{on }\partial\Omega, \end{cases} \end{equation*} and this system has a very similar structure of solutions as the above Brez\'is-Nirenberg equation for $\lambda$.

Keywords


Elliptic system; linearly coupled; ground state; variational method; Sobolev critical exponent

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