Hardy-Sobolev inequality with singularity a curve

Mouhamed Moustapha Fall, El hadji Abdoulaye Thiam


We consider a bounded domain $\Omega$ of $\mathbb{R}^N$, $N\ge3$, and $h$ a continuous function on $\Omega$. Let $\Gamma$ be a closed curve contained in $\Omega$. We study existence of positive solutions $u \in H^1_0(\Omega)$ to the equation \[ -\Delta u+h u=\rho^{-\sigma}_\Gamma u^{2^*_\sigma-1} \quad \textrm{in } \Omega, \] \noindent where $2^*_\sigma:={2(N-\sigma)}/({N-2})$, $\sigma\in (0,2)$, and $\rho_\Gamma$ is the distance function to $\Gamma$. For $N\geq 4$, we find a sufficient condition, given by the local geometry of the curve, for the existence of a ground-state solution. In the case \hbox{$N=3$}, we obtain existence of ground-state solution provided the trace of the regular part of the Green of $-\Delta+h$ is positive at a point of the curve.


Existence of ground state solution; Hardy-Sobolev inequality; Green function; positive mass; parametrized curve; curvature

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