Might Overcoming the Explanatory Gap Be Like Overcoming Vitalism?

Joseph LaPorte

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/ths.2008.008

Abstract


It seems to be a commonly held belief or hope, though one that is often left at a primitive state of articulation, that the vitalism-mechanism controversy is a success story whose complete telling would include an account of an initial problem very much like the mind-body problem that is still with us today. The appeal of the analogy is clear: if it is genuine, the analogy bodes well for the prospects of a conceptually satisfying physicalist resolution to the mind-body problem.

Keywords


analogy; false analogy; Searle; explanatory gap; conscious states

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bechtel, William and Richardson, Robert. 1998. “Vitalism.” In Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, vol. 9, ed. Edward Craig, pp. 639-42. London: Routledge.

Beckner, Morton. 1967. “Vitalism.” In The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, vol. 8, ed. Paul Edwards, pp. 253-6. New York: Macmillan.

Bernard, Claude. 1957. An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. Translatec into English by Copley Green, with an Introduction by Lawrence J. Henderson and a Foreword by I. Bernard Cohen. New York: Dover. Originally published as Introduction a l’etude de la Medecine experimentale. Paris: J.B.

Bailliere, 1865. Broad, C. D. 1925. The Mind and Its Place in Nature. New York: Humanities Press. Bynum,

W. F. 1981. “Vitalism.” In Dictionary of the History of Science, ed. W. F. Bynum,

E. Browne and Roy Porter, pp. 439-40. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Chalmers, David. 1996. The Conscious Mind. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cohen, Paul S. and Cohen, Stephen M. 1996. “Wohler’s Synthesis of Urea: How Do the Textbooks Report It?” lournal of Chemical Education 73: 883-6.

Coleman, William. 1977. Biology in the Nineteenth Century: Problems of Form. Function and Transformation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, de Sousa, Ronald. 2000. Review of Joelle Proust, Comment l’esprit vient aux betes :Essai sur la representation. Dialectica 54: 320-328.

Driesch, Hans. 1908. The Science and Philosophy of the Organism. London: A. and C.Black.

Driesch, Hans. 1914. The History and Theory of Vitalism. London: Macmillan. Emmeche, Claus, Kpppe, Simo and Stjemfelt, Frederik. 1997. “Explaining Emergence: Towards an Ontology of Levels.” Journal for General Philosophy of Science 28: 83-119.

Fessenden, R and Fessenden, J. 1994. Organic Chemistry. 5th edition. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Goodfield, G. J. 1960. The Growth of Scientific Physiology. London: Hutchinson. Gregory, Frederick. 1977. Scientific Materialism in Nineteenth Century Germany.

Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Kopp, Hermann. 1843-1847. Geschichte der Chemie, Vol. 1, Braunschweig: Druck und Verlag von Freidrich Bieweg und Sohn.

LaPorte, Joseph. 2004. Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Levine, Joseph. 1983. „Materialism and Qualia : The Explanatory Gap.” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 64: 354-361.

Mayr, Ernst. 1982. The Growth of Biological Thought. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

McDougall, William. 1938. The Riddle of Life. London: Methuen.

McGinn, Colin. 1999. The Mysterious Flame: Conscious Minds in a Material World.New York: Basic Books.

Medawar, P.B. and Medawar, J.S. 1983. Aristotle to Zoos: A Philosophical Dictionary of Biology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Nagel, Thomas. 1979. Mortal Questions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Newmark, Ann. 1993. Chemistry, London: Dorling Kindersley.

O’Connor, Timothy and Wong, Hong Yu, „Emergent Properties”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2002 Edition).

Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL =.

Olmsted, J. M. D. and Olmsted, E. Harris. 1952. Claude Bernard and the Experimental Method in Medicine. New York: Henry Schuman.

Searle, John. 1984. Minds, Brains and Science. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Searle, John. 1992. The Rediscovery of the Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Searle, John. 1996. “How to Study Consciousness Scientifically.” Lecture 9 of his audio¬ recording The Philosophy of Mind. Springfield, VA: The Teaching Company.

Teich, Mikulaś and Needham, Dorothy. 1992. A Documentary History of Biochemistry, 1770-1940. Leicester: Leicester University Press.

Wheeler, L. R. 1939. Vitalism: Its History and Validity. London: Witherby.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





ISSN 2392-1196 (online)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism