The Use of Taxonomy Methods For Clustering European Union Countries Due to the Standard of Living

Marta Kuc

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/OeC.2012.006

Abstract


This paper proposes the application of taxonomic tools to study the differentiation of standard of living in the European Union countries. The aggregate distance between given countries is the basis for grouping member states in terms of their internal structure of the studied characteristics. The analysis is based on two chosen methods–the Ward’s and k-means method. The study included 24 member states of the European Union in 1995-2010. Depending on the distance between the object, the countries were divided into two or four clusters. Similar configuration of each group obtained using both methods has led to the conclusion that these methods can be used both complementarily and separately.


Keywords


standard of living; taxonomy methods; comparative analysis; Ward’s method; k-means clustering

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bywalec C., Wydmus S. (1992), Poziom życia ludności Polski w porównaniu z krajami Europejskiej Wspólnoty Gospodarczej, „Ekonomista” nr 5.

Grabiński T. (2003), Analiza taksonometryczna krajów Europy w ujęciu regionów, Wydawnictwo Akademii Ekonomicznej w Krakowie, Kraków.

Kettenring J. (2006), The Practice of Cluster Analysis, “Journal of Classification” No 23.

Młodak A. (2006), Analiza taksonomiczna w statystyce regionalnej, Difin, Warszawa.

Rizzo M.L. (2005), Hierarchical Clustering via Joint Between-Within Distances: Expending Ward’s Minimum Variance Method, “Journal of Classification”, No 22.

Rószkiewicz M. (2002), Narzędzia statystyczne w analizach marketingowych, Wydawnictwo C.H. Beck, Warszawa 2002.

Stec M., Janas A. (2009), Analiza porównawcza metod klasyfikacji województw, „Wiadomości Statystyczne”, nr 4.








p-ISSN 2083-1277
e-ISSN 2353-1827

Partnerzy platformy czasopism