Wykładniki struktury tematyczno-rematycznej w języku łacińskim

Małgorzata Górska

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/LinCop.2012.024

Abstrakt


The aim of the article is to survey the markers of the thematic-rhematic structure in Latin. Since Latin is an inflected language with so called ‘free’ (or rather ‘flexible’) word order, the word order itself is the main marker of the thematic-rhematic structure. Besides word order, there are also other means serving as markers of theme or rheme in Latin. Rheme can be indicated by the cleft construction, well known in many languages. More varied markers serve to express the theme constituent. Among them there are the so-called correlative constructions qui/quodis/id, syntactically independent propositional phrases de + ablativus, the so-called nominativus pendens, and the expression quod pertinent ad… However, the means mentioned above seem to be the emphatic markers of the thematic-rhematic structure

Słowa kluczowe


struktura tematyczno-rematyczna; język łaciński; szyk w języku łacińskim; uwydatniony temat; uwydatniony remat

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Bibliografia


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